The study highlights the role of a person in human rights violation in Pakistan.He fiddles the ignorant and illiterate villagers in Pakistan. The study reflects the cruelty of the fake figure of human rights in the rural areas of Pakistan.The study indicates the nature,meaning,training and capturing techniques of the fake figure of human rights in the rural areas and blind belief of the villagers regarding such fake figure of human rights.The study focuses on the ultimate destinations of horrible marriage and land conflicts in the rural areas of Pakistan.
Impact of Direct Seeding of Rice on Household Welfare in Pakistan Executive Summary The current study was carried out in the rice-wheat area of Pakistani Punjab to access the impact of direct seeding of rice sowing technology on household welfare in Pakistan. The direct seeding of rice (DSR) technology in Pakistan was introduced a couple of years back, with the idea to increase the crop yields and to save the use of inputs like water, fertilizer and labour. For estimating the impact detailed comprehensive survey was carried out in three main rice-wheat districts i.e. Gujranwala, Sheikhpura and Hafizabad. A detailed questionnaire was prepared for carrying out the analysis. The impact of direct rice sowing technology was estimated on rice and wheat crops yield, water, weedicide and labour demand. The empirical analysis indicates that adopters of direct seeding of rice sowing technology are getting higher net returns in the range of 8-9 maunds per acre. The comparative profitability analysis indicates that in case of direct seeding of rice sowing technology the cost of production is high than the conventional transplanting of rice but the net returns are more in case of direct seeding
Use of modern biotechnology started in Pakistan since 1985. In a developing country like Pakistan Biotechnology would attain importance for producing more food and fiber as the country’s population is going to touch the level of 335 million by 2050. By adopting this glorious scientific field Pakistan had already achieved the target of 12.7 million bales of cotton and is one of the largest exporters of cotton yarn in the world; almost 65% of Pakistan’s annual export income. This book has entitled almost all fields of Biotechnology which this country currently has availed. Main focus is given to Agricultural biotechnology in Pakistan, Regulations, Research and Development of Biotechnology in Pakistan,Biofuel, Biodiesel and Biogas In Pakistan, Pakistan Biotechnology Information Centre (PABIC), Biotechnology and Food Security Challenges in Pakistan, GM Crops Development in Pakistan, Scope of Biotechnology in Pakistan and HEC Curriculum, Institutes of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering in Pakistan, eminent pakistani biotechnologists and Regulatory Authorities for GM Plants And Animals In Pakistan.
This research has been conducted to determine agenda-setting function of mass media on the issue of "war on terror" in Pakistan. How do media portray war on terror and how the audience perceives it, was the objective of the study. After finding the approach of the media and audience on “war on terror”, results of media approach were matched with that of public opinion to determine a relationship. The research found a positive relationship between media’s and audience agenda on war on terror. Effects of agenda setting of Urdu Daily have found more strongly than that of the English Daily. Media and Audience agenda has been assessed based on categories i.e. policy of Pakistan government, militants, terrorism and the US role.
Pakistan trade suffers from persistent trade deficits. It had a favourable balance of trade only twice;once in 1950-51 because of the increase in prices of primary commodities like cotton and other raw materials as a result of the Korean War boom; the second time was after the devaluation of the rupee and the oil crisis in 1972-73. After that the trade deficits of Pakistan''s economy have been gradually and steadily increasing. So, can the depreciation of the Pak rupee improve this phenomenon? This present study implies the error correction model to estimate the short run equilibrium and heterogeneous panel cointegration method to examine the long run relationship between the real exchange rate and the bilateral trade balance of Pakistan and her selected 4 major trading partners (USA,UK,China and Germany) for the period 1980-2008. Using annual data, the empirical results indicate the devaluation of the Pakistan rupee deteriorates her bilateral trade balance with China but improves it with USA, UK and Germany. In the panel cointegrated framework, a long- run negative relationship between the real exchange rate and the bilateral trade balance exists for Pakistan.
Gender inequality is an acute and persistent problem, especially in developing countries.The inequality of woman''s status and rights at all levels of society, and discrimination against them in several forms, remain a matter of serious concern the world over, and notably in Pakistan. This study describes and analyses the current position of women in Pakistan''s labour market, focusing on the quest for the equality of women in a largely male-dominated society.because Sex discrimination is not an issue for government alone, but for society at large.
Since the currency crisis of 1990s, economists have had a renewed interest in the fluctuation of exchange rates. For decades exchange rates remained the centre of macro economic debates in the developing markets. In many countries it was used for controlling inflation while in other countries like Latin America it was used for imposing tax on export sector. Increase volatility is the result of more violent shocks. In this book an effort is being made to analyse the impact of some major factors like Exports, FDIs and Debt servicing on exchange rate volitility in Pakistan. An accurate analysis of these factors will eventually help shape better economic policies for Pakistan in future.
World affairs expert and intrepid travel journalist Robert D. Kaplan braved the dangers of war-ravaged Afghanistan in the 1980s, living among the mujahidin — the “soldiers of god” — whose unwavering devotion to Islam fueled their mission to oust the formidable Soviet invaders. In Soldiers of God we follow Kaplan’s extraordinary journey and learn how the thwarted Soviet invasion gave rise to the ruthless Taliban and the defining international conflagration of the twenty-first century.Kaplan returns a decade later and brings to life a lawless frontier. What he reveals is astonishing: teeming refugee camps on the deeply contentious Pakistan-Afghanistan border; a war front that combines primitive fighters with the most technologically advanced weapons known to man; rigorous Islamic indoctrination academies; a land of minefields plagued by drought, fierce tribalism, insurmountable ethnic and religious divisions, an abysmal literacy rate, and legions of war orphans who seek stability in military brotherhood. Traveling alongside Islamic guerrilla fighters, sharing their food, observing their piety in the face of deprivation, and witnessing their determination, Kaplan offers a unique opportunity to increase our understanding of a people and a country that are at the center of world events.
Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world and the population is increasing day by day, which leads to scarcity of resources, and when the resources decrease it creates social problems in the society. Also Pakistan is slightest capable to give great addition of youth with foodstuff, clothing and schooling, and youthful adults with employment, accommodation and additional consumer’s fundamentals, while demanding to smash out the vicious circle of scarcity. Due to the above state of affairs it is essential to execute appropriate studies in the field of family planning, because we can only control the situation by construction of proper checks on population expansion. Consequently the researcher found it needed to have an in detail study, in order to realize the factors answerable for ineffectiveness of family planning programs in Pakistan. The book has also explored additional important factors, which hamper the practices of family planning; such is cultural issues, religious biases and the literacy rate of the peoples. Moreover it would try to cover up with possible remedial measures for policy makers in determining the future line of action.
Rural women in Pakistan, covers about half of Pakistan's total population and agricultural labor in the rural part of the huge proportion. The rise of poverty has greatly reduced the bargaining power of women and farmers. In a globalized world, to accomplish sustainable developments of societies gender parity and empowerment of women are of fundamental importance requires the ability of women in the social, political and economic spheres.This book helps the agricultural scientist and the social analyst to explore the deep knowledge about poverty alleviation in rural areas through women empowerment. This work will delve out the causes of socio-economic conditions of rural women which enable them to alleviate poverty. The work will help in developing and developed countries and specially in poverty risk countries like Pakistan, India, Bangaldesh, Africa, Afghanistan etc.
This book examined the food security situation of Pakistan for the annual period of 1971 to 2008. To examine whether Pakistan fulfill the condition of a food secure country is far from developed in the literature. The book analyzes the Auto Regressive Distributed Lag Model to measure the determinants of food security in Pakistan. The determinants are measured along with Long run ARDL model and short run elasticities are measured with Error correction model of ARDL Approach and conclude that the situation of food security in Pakistan need drastic improvement. Hence, the book will be very useful to academics and lay readers.
This book discusses on the United States foreign policies towards India and Pakistan with comparative analysis and prospects. 9/11 draws line between US policies for both the countries. After 9/11 US had to use India and Pakistan both in South Asia for its strategic objectives and major turns were taken for this sake. Today both countries are in close contact and acting on demands. Before 9/11 US adopted policies to tackle Russia in the region and the policies were somehow relevant. China and Afghanistan has always played important role for US while sketching foreign policies for India and Pakistan.
India and Pakistan are two powers in South Asia and notable Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) that continue to produce fissile material for nuclear weapons purposes. Both are facing dilemma regarding the future FMCT negotiations in the CD. Pakistan wants to include existing stocks, while India has the upper limit for the future production. Unlike Pakistan, India has the advantage of getting fuel for its nuclear reactors from the P-5 dominated nuclear suppliers group and using its domestic resources for making weapons at a fast pace. On the other hand, Pakistan is in the layers of onion export control sanctions. Therefore, it shouts against the new nuclear apartheid foul. This paper will be a significant endeavour in promoting global non- proliferation and disarmament in the perspective of South Asia through fissile material control and its implications in the region. The study will also be beneficial to the students and instructors of nuclear and South Asian security studies.
The study has investigated the relationship between culture and language learning in Pakistan. The motivational factors (i.e. instrumental or integrative motivation) of Pakistani learners have been reviewed in relation to culture and language teaching. For this purpose, first of all, the existing culture and language teaching models and approaches have been analyzed and their application in the context of L2 in Pakistan has been assessed. Then, native and non-native literature of English has also been discussed from a cultural point of view. The study, especially, investigated the cultural representation with respect to ESL learning in Pakistan in two areas. Firstly, the representation of culture in textbooks has been studied. The textbooks, which are used in Pakistan, have been analyzed in comparison with the textbook of other countries. They have been analyzed on the basis of the source culture, the target culture and the intercultural representation. Secondly, the study investigated the effectiveness of using the native culture for L2 learning in Pakistan. For this purpose, the selected extracts were used in class, and then the data was collected through questionnaire.
The Research is based on the exploration of women’s contribution in tangible and intangible art of Pakistan. It was the intention to see the sights of gender dimensions in formulation and depiction of different facet of art and culture. The particular aim is to create an awareness and motivation among young generation about the preservation of indigenous culture of Pakistan which is our national heritage. The particular research is intended to identify the gender dimension of folklore in Punjabi culture of Pakistan. The riddles from the community were collected, documented and then analyzed the different aspects of gender.