India and Pakistan are two powers in South Asia and notable Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) that continue to produce fissile material for nuclear weapons purposes. Both are facing dilemma regarding the future FMCT negotiations in the CD. Pakistan wants to include existing stocks, while India has the upper limit for the future production. Unlike Pakistan, India has the advantage of getting fuel for its nuclear reactors from the P-5 dominated nuclear suppliers group and using its domestic resources for making weapons at a fast pace. On the other hand, Pakistan is in the layers of onion export control sanctions. Therefore, it shouts against the new nuclear apartheid foul. This paper will be a significant endeavour in promoting global non- proliferation and disarmament in the perspective of South Asia through fissile material control and its implications in the region. The study will also be beneficial to the students and instructors of nuclear and South Asian security studies.
Growth, Unemployment and Poverty in Pakistan Growth is the most imperative and momentous apparatus for both developed and developing countries to trim down the fundamental problems of unemployment and poverty. Being a developing nation, Pakistan''s growth occurrence reveals fluctuation.This study attempts to evaluate empirically the role of growth on unemployment and poverty for Pakistan from 1972-2006. The sources of growth are the central character of all economic policies. The interaction between capital, labor, openness of trade, foreign direct investment and inflation have occurred significant position as factors of growth and these variables are used in this study. Not only growth but also pattern of growth is now become a highway towards the sustained growth and to minimize the crucial problems of unemployment. Unemployment is the wastage of valuable human resources. Unemployment makes severe the problem of poverty. This study is based on Two Stage Least Square. The empirical results show that growth has no significant impact on unemployment and poverty. Sustained growth with employment generation can minimize poverty.
This book investigates the distance education in Library and Information Science offered by Department of Library and Information Science at Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), Islamabad, Pakistan. It also explores experiences, perceptions and core competencies of alumni of Master of Library and Information Science program of the University. The study gives recommendations and provides different aspects for further research on the topic for improvement of distance education through AIOU.
Though Pakistan has been impressively following a liberal trade policy by substantially slashing the general tariff since 1992, yet there have been some commodity groups (food related and fuels and oil)which have been protected with rising trends in the import tariffs. Here the welfare loss of the selective protectionist trade policy and welfare gains of general liberal trade policy incurring on the poorest and ordinary households using data on Household expenditure, prices, and labour wages are measured. The uniqueness, inter alia, of the book is that first time nontraded goods have been included in the trade and welfare analysis of Pakistan. In case of Pakistan, the present book suggests substantial gains for poorest and ordinary households from liberal trade policy and substantial losses to them from selective protection. Keeping in view the nature of the theme, the present book can be a very useful source for MS and PhD research students of international economy, economics and development economics. It can be a wonderful piece of work for the general readers as well who are interested in knowing about global economic and trade mechanisms and dynamics.
Terrorism, spiraling violence and conflicts have dominated the world media in a more persuasive way that could mere inconceivable before the events of 9/11. Pakistan is the country that has been most affected by the fallout of the September 11, 2001 incident. The international “War on Terror” has caused more suffering, cruel deaths and sanguine destruction to the people of Pakistan than any other country in the world. The menace of terrorism has had a debilitating impact on the body polity and the social fabric. Instability has been on the rise, and more militant groups are targeting the state. Democratic and liberal tendencies have not been able to blossom in the society owing to long spells of military dictatorial rule. Due to an absence of popular support for military regimes and the presence of illegal media, the state writ has remained merely as a veneer in the form of military control.
The study argues that the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan is neither an emotional issue nor purely an ideological tangle but equally, if not more so, an issue of realpolitik which is inherent in the nature of the territory of Kashmir. This dimension of the Kashmir dispute was overshadowed in the wake of the Indian move to raise the Kashmir issue at the UNSC in 1948. The importance of the territory lies in its wealth of water resources of the world''s mighty Indus River System comprising the Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej rivers, serving as the ‘jugular vein'' of Pakistan''s agrarian economy. India is not prepared to lose the upper- riparian status and Pakistan is fearful of its vulnerabilities. Kashmir issue is also a question of control of the life-giving rivers in upstream originating from the territory of Kashmir, parts of which were captured by both India and Pakistan in 1948. The study highlights the linkage of the Indus rivers resource with political thinking, strategic planning and warfare between India and Pakistan in the past and comprehends its future role in the security calculus of the region.
Pakistan occupies 6th position in the 22 WHO designated high burden nations. Advocacy Communication and Social Mobilization has been used to address the key challenges faced in the fight against TB. This work guides to support the design and implementation of effective advocacy, communication and social mobilization activities in tuberculosis (TB) control at country level.We concluded in the text of this book that besides the serious security situation in the FATA during whole year the CDR of all the agencies was more than the previous year. It reflects on the importance of ACSM in the awareness of the general population regarding tuberculosis. ACSM strategy in implementing the TB-DOTS is very effective and is now implemented nearly all over the world.It is herby recommended that the ACSM stratagy must also be adopted for the control of other communicable disease as well.
Marine turtles in Pakistan are protected, either directly or indirectly, through a series of legal and regulatory provisions. Five marine turtle species, including green turtles (Chelonia mydas), olive ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea), hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata), loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) and leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) have been recorded from the Karachi coast and Balochistan coast. During the present study, we surveyed all known and potential turtle nesting sites, and identified six new nesting beaches, including Mubarak village (Karachi coast), Gwadar (West Bay), Pishukan, Ganz, Sonmiani, and Hingol National Park (Balochistan coast). Nesting of C. mydas and L. olivacea in Pakistan occurs at Hawkesbay and Sandspit along Karachi Coast, and at Ormara and Jiwani along Balochistan coast. The research techniques and information are helpful for wildlife BS., MS and Ph.D students, wildlife biologists, wildlife managers, wildlife conservation organizations etc.
Rural poverty is a complex and multi-dimensional phenomenon. It has many faces changing from place to place. The issues of rural poverty are difficult to comprehend without thorough examination of various aspects of poverty. The study in hand was undertaken to find out poverty status both in relative and absolute terms and to assess the impact of various factors on poverty status of household in rural Pakistan. This study used the basic needs approach under the absolute and relative poverty scenario, in the light of axiomatic framework, five poverty indices were estimated to check the probability of households being poor under the distribution of income and expenditures.
Health informatics is the field that concerns itself with the information processing, and communication tasks of medical practice, education, and research, including the information science and the technology to support these tasks. but this culture does not exist in Pakistan. we explores the ideas or ways for implementation of an electronic medical record system at different hospitals of Pakistan. Statistical Suit for colorectal cancer patients record (SSCC) is introducing as a way to facilitate a centralized colorectal cancer patient information repository. Benefits realized by this system included improvements in colorectal cancer patient’s care, clinical research, and patient service and satisfaction. The tool excluded the need of statistician on routine basis in a hospital setting and the doctor have information of lengthy follow up patients, one click away. We also highlight the influence of gender and age on the occurrence of this malignancy in patients in local population by comparing analysis of the data from two largest Tertiary Care Cancer Hospital in Pakistan to give an estimate of the disease burden in heavily populated areas.
Education is the most important and dominant sector in any country. The performance of any country can be assessed by the literacy rate of that country. The countries which have highest number of educated people, are the most advanced states in the world. Pakistan was created in the name of Islam under the outstanding leadership of Quaid-i-Azam. The Quran place great emphasis on education. Pakistan is one of the least literate countries in Asia. The country population of 173.5 million have only 57.0% literacy rate, which means that more than 50 million Pakistani are not literate. Non literate population of Pakistan constitutes 6.2% of that of the world. Pakistan is the fourth largest contributor to world non literate population. Literacy is the heart and life blood of development. It also serves as engine of growth and back bone of economy.So literacy as part of basic education is seen as a key factor in a country social and economic development. The book in hand can provide valuable information for educationist, policy makers and allied sectors. Therefore, it should be in every library around the country.
In the canvas of extended South Asian politics, Pakistan-China friendly diplomatic ties are prominent as one of the most durable friendships, stood firm the pressures of time and swinging geo-strategic conditions. Nevertheless in the changing regional and international dynamics, this relationship has become more versatile, particularly keeping in view the trajectory of Indo-U.S. strategic partnership and the downward spiraling of Pakistan-U.S. relations. Therefore present effort is aimed to explore the avenues of strong Pakistan-China bilateral partnership while deeply analyzing this historical relationship in all fields of cooperation. China and Pakistan friendship may reinforce as long as sustained India-Pakistan rivalry and dwindling Pakistan-U.S. ties remain in South Asian politics. Pakistan would remain fixed with China as its most reliable strategic partner in counterbalancing India, and somewhat the U.S. diplomatic manipulation and negligence. Besides China will also have an intrinsic stake in escalating Pakistan’s political and military stability in terms of its long-term security interests in the Southern, Central and Western Asian region.
This is a contribution to the knowledge about constituents in different medicinal plants in Pakistan,In addition to the structure elucidation of plant ingredients from Galinsoga parviflora this book deals with the antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory properties of isolated compounds.The investigations carried out on these specimen of the region along with synthetic compounds by the author are a valuable step towards the understanding of this class of natural compounds for the first time. The application of classic analytical techniques as well as the highly sophisticated methods like NMR, mass spectroscopy,Enzyme inhibitory assays and determination of kinetic parameters for the prediction of type of inhibition are logical and in accordance for the suitable investigation in the field of natural/synthetic chemistry, Biochemistry and pharmaceutics.
There are about 1.5 million cases of cutaneous Leishmaniasis each year worldwide, with the bulk reported from Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Peru, and Pakistan. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Leishmaniasis is endemic in 88 countries, with a total of 350 million people at risk. It is believed that worldwide 12 million people are affected by Leishmaniasis. The contents of book are organized into 7 chapters. The 1st chapter very briefly introduces Leishmaniasis in humans and animals and provides a concise overview of clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment of this disease in humans. Previous research on Leishmaniasis is reviewed in chapter 2. The remaining 3 chapters cover the methodology, findings with discussion in the light of past and present research in this area. The book is not written in a detailed and comprehensive fashion, but there is a relatively extensive bibliography. This book is aimed at academics and professionals in medical and veterinary science. I think that readership will be well served by it. But workers involved in medical field and farm animal husbandry will also find much of interest and to their benefit in this book
Consumer finance serves as the source of financial stability and uplifts the economic and social status of the household. This research is based on qualitative study and up to some extent on quantitative base too. The major objective of this study is to gain insights of consumer financing from a consumer perspective. At the same time, the study investigates and analyzes the defined rules and regulations for banks and for consumers during the time of obtaining the loans from banks and well as from other financial institutions