Education is the most important and dominant sector in any country. The performance of any country can be assessed by the literacy rate of that country. The countries which have highest number of educated people, are the most advanced states in the world. Pakistan was created in the name of Islam under the outstanding leadership of Quaid-i-Azam. The Quran place great emphasis on education. Pakistan is one of the least literate countries in Asia. The country population of 173.5 million have only 57.0% literacy rate, which means that more than 50 million Pakistani are not literate. Non literate population of Pakistan constitutes 6.2% of that of the world. Pakistan is the fourth largest contributor to world non literate population. Literacy is the heart and life blood of development. It also serves as engine of growth and back bone of economy.So literacy as part of basic education is seen as a key factor in a country social and economic development. The book in hand can provide valuable information for educationist, policy makers and allied sectors. Therefore, it should be in every library around the country.
Maharaja Hari Singh was the ruler of the state at the time of division of the sub-continent. This Hindus ruler was not in favor of merger of the state with Pakistan. In fact Maharaja wanted state’s merger with India contrary to the ground realities favoring state’s accession to Pakistan. Pakistan’s stance is that Kashmir is a disputed territory which has been captured by India since 1947 by force. Kashmiris are required to be given their right of self determination in accordance with the United Nations resolutions. Any third option for Kashmiris is not acceptable to Pakistani as it is considered a brain child of India which is purposed only to divert the world attention. Pakistan admits the fact that the Kashmiris are an important party of this conflict, Therefore, their presence in each and every round of the dialogues on this issue is necessary. However, Pakistan’s stance is that the Kashmiris should decide their future under UNO held plebiscite, to join Pakistan or India. Pakistan state policy is that the Kashmir issue should be solved keeping in view aspirations of the people of Jammu & Kashmir in accordance with UN resolutions.
In most developing countries like Pakistan where a large number of people living in condition of poverty.people have not only low incomes but they also suffering from lack of access over basic needs.The present book is designed to analyze how the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of household effects on poverty in Pakistan. Data was obtained from Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement Survey (PSLM) 2008-2009. This study will provide guides lines for formulating policies and interventions that will help to alleviate poverty. With the view to providing recommendations for policy formulation that could help to reduce poverty and improve the living conditions of the people in Pakistan
Standards and technical regulations have become one of the important issues in the international trade agenda. Due to the increasing importance of quality standards the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995 established the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures and the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT. These quality standards are also applicable on the production and exports of horticulture sector of Pakistan. Due to the imposition of WTO quality standards many quality issues and packaging problems have been generated. The study analyze the major fruit production and fruit exports of Pakistan before (1984-95) the implementation of the WTO quality standards and after the implementation of the WTO quality standards and the results shows that in Pakistan the level of WTO quality standards implication is very low. Public sector does not conduct quality control assessment. Due to the improper cold storage system for fruits most of the production goes waste. Although the production and exports of many fruits are increasing but still there is a need to give importance to the WTO quality standards certification.
Pakistan emerged on the world map in 1947 as a federal state. Sindh is a southern province of Pakistan. Pakistan passed its more than half of its history under the rule of military regime. In this Book the politics of Sindh under Zia regime are deeply discussed. The impact of Martial Law and assassination of Bhutto on the politics of Sindh is the main chapter of this book. The people of Sindh launched the movement for the restoration of Democracy in 1983 under the banner of Movement for the Restoration of Democracy (MRD). In the movement hundreds were killed and injured by the states forces. The thousands were sent to jail. The impact of this democratic movement on the politics of Sindh also analyzed. The formation and the politics of ethno nationalist organizations such as Muhajir Quomi movement, Punjabi Pakhtoon Ithad are the topic of this work. The politic of Jeay Sindh Tahreek and other separatist organizations of Sindh are the part of study. The impacts of the politics of those organizations on federations also thoroughly discussed. In this book the democratic movements and Ethno nationalist politics of Sindh are covered.
Films are not only an important form of culture but also a form of entertainment and education. In a country like Pakistan, where sources of entertainment are limited and people are labeled as extremists, films can be a very important source of entertainment and for conveying peaceful image of Pakistan. Films are the most strong source of communication. It spreads the message in an entertaining and powerful manner. It is the most useful and effective method of communication. The history of Pakistan film industry shows that 60's were the golden age, but the downfall of Film Industry started after this golden period. This Research aimed at exploring reasons and factors that are behind the demise of this entertainment-based industry of the country.
The objective of this work is to explore various issues related to internal migration in the North West Pakistan. Specifically, an attempt is made to verify various theories related to rural urban migration in the context of Pakistan. It is well known that economic considerations are of primary importance for rural urban migration in normal situations. But what if the masses are faced with abnormal situations such as faced by the people of North West Pakistan during 2009-10.this work shows that economic considerations still occupies the central importance even though survival is the ultimate objective of forced migration.
The book uncovers the prevalence and incidence rates of male sexual dysfunctions in Bahawalpur city of South Punjab, Pakistan. The book presents to the readers different characteristics of those suffering from sexual dysfunctions. The work is pioneer in the region, opening a new horizon for researchers in the field of mental and sexual health of men, producing indigenous data. The book is a must read for those interested to know about the sexual health of men in Pakistan. The author is the Chairman of a non profit group for the promotion of sexual health in Pakistan (PAkistan Society of Sexologists, PASS, www.passpk.org). The author has previously published a title "Male Erectile Disorder: The Pakistani Perspective".
This is a book on the basic concepts of well logging and Petrophysics. It explain the Exploration history of Pakistan hydrocarbon reservoirs. Although it is written for Graduate geologists, geophysicists, and engineers, it can be useful for student who want to get the related information of exploration activity in Pakistan. It does not claim to provide all information about well logs from all perspectives. Like the original report of the project, it remains focused on the interpretation of basic, or common open hole logging measurements. It also remains focused on the traditional interpretive goals of Formation porosity, Fluid saturation, and lithology. The idea for this work came from a discussion in ATC(Annual Technical Conference-2013)with Department of Geology,UOP Technical Staff, and myself. The book is part of the project in which I was involved titled as “Qualitative and Quantitative Petrophysical Analysis of Qadirpur-wells central Indus Basin Pakistan”. The goal of this book is to explain in plain language for the nonspecialist about well logs,Formation Evaluation and how log explain the story of a reservoir at depth.
There is endless literature on job stress, but not a single book on the subject specifically written in the context of Pakistan. The book in hand is the first ever empirical study to discuss the global problem of job stress in relation to work environment in Pakistan. It empirically tests the significance of relationship between work environment and work stress in this South Asian country. The study contains voluminous literature review on stress, which will be extremely beneficial to researchers planning to undertake fresh research on the subject, particularly with reference to Pakistan. The main objective of the study is to see whether the employees in Pakistan also suffer from the global problem of work stress; if so, what causes stress in this part of the world and what is the extent and gravity of the problem. The study also covers the gender disparities in discussion of the chief factors as well as the outcomes of stress.
Challenging behavior in students is a world wide problem.Challenging behavior is a vexed issue in rural areas of Pakistan.There are so many causes behind challenging behavior in students.Poverty and illiteracy of parents are one of the fundamental causes of challenging behavior in the world. The book focuses on the nature and causes of challenging behavior in secondary school students in Pakistan. The book reflects the management strategies to overcome the challenging behavior.The work will be significant for the academicians,researchers,psychologists and parents.
The Male Erectile Disorder is the most common of all the sexual dysfunctions for which men seek help from the sexologists throughout the world. The research on this crucial area of male sexuality is relatively non existent in Pakistan. The author has rightly conducted a qualitative analysis of the case histories of men with erectile dysfunction. The results of the research reveal the distribution patterns of Male Erectile Disorder as it occurs in Pakistan. The author has documented the clinical and social correlates of the erectile dysfunction. The etiological perspectives within the context of Pakistani culture have been explained. The author gives recommendations on how to improve the sexual health of men in Pakistan. The formation of PAkistan Society of Sexologists (PASS)is a right step in this direction. The book is a must read for those who want to know about the sexual lives of men in Pakistan.
Pakistan is in the race of economic development like other developing countries, and has consumed a lot amount of energy to run her economic cycle. Almost 54% out of total primary energy consumption depends on oil and gas, which contributes more CO2 emission after coal in environment. Therefore, energy consumption is the major cause of environmental pollution. The government of Pakistan like that of other developing countries would never think to mitigate the climate change at the expense of its economic growth. This issue is more sensitive in nature that is going to explore the relationship between climate change, energy consumption and economic growth in case of Pakistan. The EKC curve hypothesis which does not exist in case of Pakistan, tells us that the pollutants are increasing with increasing trend but no yet turning point exists. The government should have to put some efforts in order to reduce and control the air pollution by identification and evaluation of GHG emissions by area and their types of GHG pollutants. The internal emission targets and devises strategies should be met the Kyoto Protocol mitigation goals.
Rice is being consumed by large population of the world. It is the leading crop in Asia and more than two billion people depend on rice for more than half the carbohydrates and calories. It is an important food and cash crop of Pakistan and Pakistan is famous all over the world for its good taste aromatic rice. But unfortunately, despite of all the advancements in production technologies a considerable portion of the produce is lost to diseases. Many devastating diseases which affect the economics of rice, bakanae disease is one of them. Over the previous few years, the causal agent (Fusarium moniliforme) of bakanae is constantly present in the major rice growing areas (especially in the Punjab Province) of the Pakistan. So, there was a dire need of comprehensive studies on the management of paddy diseases. This guide book provides the scientific methodology and protocol for the management of paddy diseases and a roadmap for the farmers, researchers and students of plant sciences.
Aga Khan Education Service, Pakistan (AKES, P) executed a 22 Million Euro programme sponsored by European Commission during 1997-2002 within the AKES, P schools in the Northern Areas and Chitral in Pakistan under Northern Pakistan Education Programme ‘NPEP Phase-I’ for Educational and Community Development. AKES, P made an investigation sponsored by the European Commission in student learning achievement against the programmatic interventions brought about by this programme. It was thought necessary to measure the degree of current level of impact of the funded interventions through gauging the learning and achievement of the students of AKES, P school system to form a qualitative database to be used as benchmark for future programme needs and developmental planning. This study covers both the traditional districts of AKES, P’s operation in Northern Areas i.e. Gilgit and Ghizer and all the three traditional regions of Chitral in Pakistan (study report on Chitral is separately produced). The study covered four key subjects; English, Mathematics, Science & Urdu in Grades 1A, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 8. Additionally secondary grades and teachers' performance was also measured for comparison.