Inclusive education and its perceived role in bringing about more inclusive and caring societies and improving the educational and social achievements of learners with special educational needs has been widely discussed. Rwanda’s first experiment with inclusive education started in 1997 when the first students with visual impairment ever to have a secondary school education joined Gahini High School. Given the generally negative attitudes towards disability in Rwanda, the inexperience of general school teachers in meeting the learning needs of students with special needs in education and the possible effects of vision loss on educational and social outcomes, it was important that the experiences of students with visual impairment in this first experiment at inclusion be investigated for purposes of improving practice both in this school and any other schools that would wish to take the inclusive route. This book outlines a study conducted to explore the experiences of students with low vision in Gahini High School.
"It is rare to read a research report that paints such a vivid picture of preschool education across a variety of conditions. Dr. Sood utilizes qualitative and quantitative data to evaluate opportunities for early childhood education in 28 settings in Madhya Pradesh.In the process of assessing the accessibility and quality of early childhood education in the region, Dr. Sood reveals many contemporary challenges faced by government-sponsored preschool programs. She presents these concerns in the light of educational policy perspectives that have characterized the early childhood field at the state and national level for the past 40 years. By capturing the perspectives of parents and teachers through her interviews, Dr. Sood’s work calls for a change in the approach to and delivery of early childhood education and challenges advocates of young children to listen and to do better" ----- Review by Dr. Suzanne Lamorey, Associate Professor, College of Education, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
The main focus of this study was to investigate the class level that was equal to the level aimed at by national (Pakistan) literacy definition. It was conducted at the wide range in all modes of education. It intended to investigate the class, gender and locality that could influence achievement of class three, four and five students in public, private, madaris and non-formal systems of education and to find out which class stood at the level that was aimed at by national literacy definition. For this purpose a test was prepared in the light of national literacy definition. This test consisted of three types of papers for the assessment of reading, writing and arithmetic standards. However, the test was administered in the beginning at a small scale to make sure its validity and whether feeding of data into SPSS Package & analysis were feasible. Five districts of the Punjab were selected as sampled districts on the bases of literacy rate and geographical situation. The test was administered to the class three, four and five in the institutions of sampled districts.
One of the most unprecedented challenges that are bound to confront educational development in the next millennium is the issue of standard in education. The last three decades had quantitative social demand with every household craving for multiple graduates. However, the persistent fall in the standard of education is now bothering the Government and Stakeholders. With this, attention is now being shifted from quantitative education to qualitative education, hence the introduction of Total Quality Control by government agencies via monitoring and supervision. Past researchers` investigations have been on social demand of education with just few concentrating on the qualitative aspect in most developing countries. This book therefore provides multiple approaches on detecting ways through which quality standard education can be increasingly achieved, maintained and sustained. Five hypotheses were postulated and tested while independent t-test statistics were used in the analysis of data. The result help shed light on the effect of punctuality and regularity of students and staff at lectures amongst other variables on Total Quality Control Measures at Tertiary Institutions.
This study investigated the views of key stakeholders in education on the shift from academic subject content to pedagogy in diploma teacher education in Tanzania. A sample of 125 respondents including: diploma college tutors, trainee teachers, university scholars at the faculty of education in the University of Dar-es-Salaam, secondary school teachers and officials at the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training and Tanzania Institute of Education provided the requisite information. Data were obtained through questionnaires that used closed and open-ended questions, semi-structured interviews and documentary review. With an exception of the officials at the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training, the findings indicated that majority of the respondents were explicit in expressing doubts on the new teacher education curriculum which deprive trainee teachers from academic subject matter content stressing that knowing precedes doing. Based on the findings of this study, the researcher recommends for the balanced provision of both academic subject matter content and pedagogy for building a balanced teacher education programme.
The study aimed at establishing gender dynamics of HIV and AIDS at university level of education in Kenya. Comprehensive data on the magnitude of HIV and AIDS was found to be lacking in all the universities. Where available, the data was not disaggregated by gender or category of respondents. Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS vary by gender, age, level of study, type of residence, economic group, category of respondents and geographical location. HIV and AIDS poses a threat to the human capital formation function of university education in Kenya, and ultimately the country’s socio-economic development. HIV and AIDS impacts both supply and demand of education, at individual, family/community, institutional and national levels. The availability, type and adequacy of the mitigatory measures/interventions varied by universities, are largely inadequate, not gender responsive and in most instances, not known to the target beneficiaries. The study recommends putting in place monitoring and evaluation frameworks to ensure appropraite documentation of data on HIV and AIDS, increased budgetary allocation and gender mainstreaming in institutional HIV and AIDS interventions.
This review of neurosurgical conditions at the University Teaching Hospital of Butare highlights the challenges faced by the nascent field of neurosurgery in Rwanda. The reader will appreciate that neurosurgery is not a privilege of "five star hospitals" that can afford state-of-the-art technologies and that a lot can be achieved with little means and yet with acceptable results. Neurosurgery trainees and teachers alike in Africa will learn from this experience that the practice of neurosurgery is possible without over emphasized reliance on expensive equipment. However it is recommended to effectively train future neurosurgeons and to create working conditions that are appealing enough to attract medical students and young doctors to the specialty.
The relationship between teaching and research in the modern universities is one of international concern. That is why currently Universities in different parts of the world are striving to enhance research and teaching nexus. The aim is to enhance students’ learning experiences by progressing the ways in which coursework teaching is informed by disciplinary-based research at all levels. Nevertheless, there is very little academic literature exists on how to best guide how to link research and teaching in higher education institutions. This book therefore provides the various strategies of how university professors, departments, colleges, and the university in general enhance research teaching link. The findings should help shed some light on the existing link between research and teaching with respect to disciplinary variations, and should be especially useful to university students, instructors, curriculum designers, and the university administrators at all levels for improving quality of education.
In this beautiful, deeply moving poem, Maya Angelou inspires us to embrace the peace and promise of Christmas, so that hope and love can once again light up our holidays and the world. “Angels and Mortals, Believers and Nonbelievers, look heavenward,” she writes, “and speak the word aloud. Peace.”Read by the poet at the lighting of the National Christmas Tree at the White House on December 1, 2005, Maya Angelou’s celebration of the “Glad Season” is a radiant affirmation of the goodness of life and a beautiful holiday gift for people of all faiths.
This book examines the impact of HIV/AIDS Education on university students in Kenya. Mary postulates that Kenyan university students have adequate knowledge concerning HIV/AIDS but there is a disconnect between their attitude, knowledge, practice and behaviour towards HIV/AIDS Education. Using a cross-sectional descriptive approach, the author assesses the impact of HIV/AIDS Education provided by Kenyan universities and other sources vis-a-vis its reflection in the behaviour of university students. She further establishes attitudes portrayed by students and discusses the link between practices that predispose university students to HIV/AIDS infection and education. Consequently, the author recommends that the Kenya Government should ensure that HIV/AIDS Education is accessible to all university students by mainstreaming it in the entire university curriculum. This book is a must-read for students, lecturers, policy makers, counsellors and NGOs dealing with HIV/AIDS in Kenya and elsewhere in the world.
The System of Education in Morocco is in Arabic till high school, whereas higher education is still conducted in French (for scientific subjects alone, literary studies are carried out in Arabic). The shift of the medium of instruction from Arabic to French may hinder students' achievement at the university and other related institutes. This division of the system of education may result in having two types of graduates: Frenchified ones who may get lucrative jobs and Arabized ones left with not well paid ones. By investigating the implications of Arabizing the system of Education on the level of achievements of first year students at the university, this research tries to shed light on a more complex issue which is the ability of these faculties to provide good quality graduates who are able to contribute to the development of the country. It attempts to investigate the impact of the shift in the medium of instruction from Arabic to French on students’ achievements at the university and to look at the impact of Arabizing the system of education up to high school on the quality of university graduates, and to what extent such plan has promoted the sector of higher eduction.
This study explores the possibility of integrating television materials into English teaching and learning at the National University of Rwanda for the benefit of second year English students. It is believed that television can captivate the learners’ interest as it communicates through sound and image. Incorporating TV materials (i.e. live as well as recorded materials such as news, documentaries) can contribute to the acquisition and development of the students’ language skills. Different research techniques were used to obtain the data. These included interviews, questionnaires and document analysis. The findings reveal that students and lecturers acknowledge the importance of using TV in the English class and support the integration of television materials into the English teaching and learning processes. However, the lecturers expressed their disappointment with the lack of facilities to implement this. This study concludes that TV materials can help students to improve their speaking and listening skills. It also advocates the promotion of a communicative approach where a focus on activities promoting fluency rather than accuracy in English should be the guiding principle.
This book is a result of research carried out at the Islamic University in Uganda (IUIU), aimed at exploring the potential of using Electronic Learning as a delivery mode in Distance Education (D-E). The findings of the study showed that largely electronic learning could take place as a delivery mode for distance education at the University. The institution is connected to the internet; but has very few skilled human resources to initiate Electronic Learning strategies. There is institutional willingness to change from traditional distance education instruction methods to Electronic Learning or offer a combination of the two. The study established the presence of many problems in traditional D-E like accommodation, inadequate pedagogical facilities like text books and long distances between the learner and the teacher to enable ample face-to-face opportunities. The potential exists for e-learning systems and all that is required is university to invest in systems that would actualize the dream into a reality.
Previous studies have shown that many people are dying in developing countries because of using unsafe drinking water. This study has been carried out at the National university of Rwanda in order to assess the quality of drinking water provided to students in the university restaurant. The evaluation was carried out with Petri-film counts method.The quality of the restaurant water samples were compared with three industrial-bottled-water marks produced and marketed in Rwanda (Inyange, Huye, and Nil) and with the tape-water distributed by EWSA. The microbiological results show that 3 out of 5 samples collected in the restaurant were contaminated with fecal colonies, giving a mean bacterial contamination of 4180 colonies/100ml, while the samples from EWSA, Inyange, Huye and Nil industries complied with US.EPA standards. The Petri-film counts result was confirmed by the standard plate-culture methods. The Petri-film counts method is thus sensitive enough to quickly help monitor the quality of drinking water. The Petri-films are also accurate to monitor the quality of milk and juice.
Higher education plays a fundamental role in the economic development of a country in terms of meeting society’s demands. Quality in higher education has been a recurring theme in recent years, especially after the creation of National Higher Education Assessment System (SINAES). Thus, this study aims to analyze the IGC of public and private universities of the five Brazilian regions in order to describe the performance of HEIs by region, identify possible intraregional and interregional discrepancies, and suggest opportunities for improvement. The results showed that public universities outperformed private ones in all regions, particularly the north and southeast regions. Regarding variability, private universities had the best performance in the center-west and no southeast regions. Regarding variability, private universities had the best performance in the center-west and north of Brazil. However, a thorough assessment of the performance of HEIs by region requires an integrative analysis of IGC results aligned with other assessment subsyste that integrate the multidimensional assessment of SINAES.