This book contains a study of cost and benefit of higher education in Bangladesh. By higher education is meant five years of study consisting of the four-year undergraduate Honours programme and the one-year Master’s programme at the public universities of Bangladesh. Higher education can have many benefits, but this study considers only financial benefits. In the analysis of cost and benefit of higher education, cost per student is estimated by adding private cost and recurring cost per student at the relevant university. The benefit per student, which is more difficult to estimate, is calculated by considering the sum of life time income minus what the student would have earned if he had no higher education, discounted by various rates of interest. The costs and benefits are then compared by applying three standard methods—the benefit-cost ratio (BCR), the net present value (NPV), and the internal rate of return (IRR). All three measures show that undertaking higher education is still worthwhile, but the difference between benefit and cost is getting narrowed down. The study discusses the implications of these results and makes some pertinent policy suggestions.
Plagiarism and academic dishonesty systematically destroy the fabrics of University Education like cancer. Universities and academia have a mandate of eliminating plagiarism and academic dishonesty. Elimination of plagiarism automatically promotes originality, creativity and innovation, which is the real motive of University education creation of new knowledge. The book is devoted to an exposition of the subject of plagiarism and academic dishonesty. This is through explanation of different theoretical and concepts of plagiarism. The framework facilitates understanding of basic concepts of plagiarism and other forms of academic dishonesty. The book has seven chapters, each dedicated to the explanation of plagiarism and academic dishonesty. The book has dealt with theories and concepts of plagiarism, academic dishonesty, forms of plagiarism, causes of plagiarism, consequences and mechanisms for combating plagiarism and academic dishonesty have been proposed. Tapping into the knowledge of plagiarism brings in the vitality required for creativity and innovation.
Studying as an international student in a foreign university brings a variety of experience including stress, pain and new challenges which many times make students feel helpless and vulnerable. The recruitment of international students however, does not mean only provision of quality education to these students but also the social well being of them. In this perspective it has become an important question to ask, whether the quality and services satisfy the international students? Most importantly it is essential to explore, how the overseas study experiences influence student's academic and social lives as the findings links the students and the universities. In this book the author portrays different aspects of eight international students’ (including himself) academic and social lives and presents different factors which have direct and indirect influence and impacts. The study was conducted applying an ‘Ethnographic’ research method which did not only identify the challenges but also shows, how these challenges were converted into resources for new learning and capacity building for the overseas students.
One outcome of globalization is that distance education is fast becoming the major provider of tertiary education in low-income, post-colonial countries. Jamaica has become a heavy importer of distance education and there is concern that this may have an adverse effect on the goals of the local education system. Education has always been used to instill national identity, to create national harmony and to foster cultural development. Do distance education providers share these interests? The Jamaica Masters Online Project is a collaborative effort between the Ohio State University and the Edna Manley College, to create a culturally responsive program of professional development for Jamaican art educators, using distance modalities. This review examines the complexities, challenges, processes and strategies involved in its development. It provides a foundation for understanding Jamaica's cultural concerns in the current global environment; the need for culturally relevant art education programs; and the value of art education as a site of resistance against global pressures.
The 1994 genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda, also saw an increased number of young people with disabilities and related special educational needs. 'The Grassroots Community in the Prospects for Inclusive Education' is a community-oriented research work, that also draws from the long experience of the author in Rwandan education. It brings out the persistent socio-economic marginalization of young people with disabilities,often mediated through a fragile socio-political dynamics. It stresses the importance of locally-generated measures in finding a way forward for sustainable inclusive education developments. The work demonstrates that the success of an effective inclusive education education programs that suits young people with disabilities in Rwanda, is still depend on the clear-sightedness of the education planners, the implementation mechanism thoughtfully put in place to counteract the ills of flaw policies and ineffective education managements, while promoting healthy partnership with active grassroots community actors that are able to respond correctly to the local needs and priorities.
This enquiry was conducted during June and July, 2006 in Morobe, Eastern Highlands and Madang Provinces of Papua New Guinea, at the request of the National Department of Education, to identify a second target Province into which Relevant Education Project work might be extended from Simbu Province where it has operated for two years. Using semi-structured interviews the two researchers questioned the Provincial Education Adviser and senior personnel in each Province and visited 10 schools and two Vocational Training Centres that they suggested might be included in the Project. Comparing and contrasting the accumulated data and assessing it against their knowledge of the project in Simbu Province the researchers have recommended that the project be extended into Morobe Province and located at Markham Valley High School. Should a second school be required in the same Province then Malahang Technical School is recommended. Based on the experience of this intensive enquiry the discussion that concludes this report raises a number of important issues for the future implementation of the concept of relevant education.
Since 1994, the World Bank has proposed cost sharing regarding tertiary education financing in order to address the crucial issues of improving access,equity and sustainable finance in tertiary institutions. In 1996, this cost sharing concept was introduced in fully public supported universities in Ghana due to declining government revenue in the 1980s and increasing demand for university education. In this cost sharing, public finance constitutes about 80% of universities' income while private finance forms about 20%. This study was conducted to investigate issues of equity and accessibility associated with this university education financing strategy in Ghana. The book adds to the economics of education literature on Sub-Sahara Africa and it should be very useful for students and researchers of economics of education as well as policy makers.
This textbook provides a thorough researched aspect of management and policy studies in education. The textbook aims at helping educational leaders to involve and help communities participate in education through good governance. This text will be useful to university lecturers, students, those in charge of university management, educational leaders particularly principals; deputy principals; and heads of departments of schools, colleges, institutes of education, Ministry of Education officials, private entrepreneurs in education, officials of International Agencies and Non- governmental Organisations (NGOs) involved in education or practitioners interested in management and policy matters in schools.
Distance learning has become an acceptable mode of education and training but studying through distance learning has been eyed with suspicion over the years. The mode of learning of the distance learner has raised preconceived ideas from society in general that the distance learner is a non-performer in industry. There are more negative comments than positive ones as far as ODL is concerned. The university must take the responsibility of sensitising, educating and encouraging learners in developing a positive attitude towards distance education because the society has its own perceptions about distance learners. The distance learner has shown maturity and distance learning has afforded those who were not able to get university education when they were still young and were not lucky to have parent who could pay for them. Not everyone who completes secondary education is able to get a place at a conventional university some opt not by choice by circumstances. Most women will only first go into marriage before going to university and they will have to obtain degrees through distance learning.
This book investigated gender based potentials andweaknesses of e-learning technology in Higherlearning institutions in Tanzania. The book drewsamples from four Universities namely University ofDar es Salaam (UDSM), Sokoine University ofAgriculture (SUA), Kilimanjaro Christian MedicalCollege (KCMC) of Tumaini University, and The OpenUniversity of Tanzania (OUT). Participants were underthree groups namely undergraduate students,postgraduate students and teaching staff contributingto a total of 251 respondents.The results indicatethat only a small proportion of students usedcomputer during their primary schools, ordinary leveleducation and at university. This study also notedthat only a small number offemale students participated in SMT subjects dueeither fear of these subjects, lack of interest andpoor background. This was reflected in poor usage ofICT as undergraduate female students. Also,access toICT resources was found to be a hindrance to theusage and in enlisting the benefits of e-learning. Inaddition the study reveals that ICT has notbeen fully utilized in Tanzania Universities.
College or university crisis situations can come at any moment. Sometimes, such as with a weather emergency, there is time to plan and take precautions. Other situations, such as campus shootings, can come without warning. With over 4,400 colleges and universities in the U.S. serving 20 million students, emergency situations are inevitable. North Carolina colleges and universities have managed several emergency situations in recent years. Various media, including email, web updates, and social media played an important role for providing official university communications. This study examines the actual and potential use of social media among North Carolina’s institutions of higher education during emergency situations. The study examines how communications professionals at 16 public and 35 private baccalaureate institutions use and perceive various communication methods, including social media, during crisis situations. Study findings are highly relevant to all colleges and universities. This study is also significant because it enhances an understanding of the potential and actual use of social media among institutions of higher education during crisis situations.
Meaningful learning requires active teaching and learning approaches. Thus, with a specific focus on Mathematics teaching at university in Oramia, the study aimed to: examine the extent to which active learning/student-centered approaches were implemented; assess the attitudes of university lecturers towards active-learning; investigate whether appropriate training and support have been provided for the implementation of an active learning approaches; assess the major challenges that hinder the implementation of active learning approaches; and recommend ways that could advance the use of active learning approaches in Mathematics teaching at university. A mixed-methods design was used. Among the six universities in the Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia, two of the newly established universities (younger than 5 years) and two of the old universities (15 years and older) were involved in the study. A total of 84 lecturers participated in the study and completed questionnaires. This was complemented by a qualitative approach that used observation checklists and interviews for data gathering: 16 lessons were observed while the lecturers taught their mathematics classes (two lecturer
I wish to provide to the readers of this book the different guidelines that should encourage them to invest in Health Domain in Rwanda, the results should give you the Rwanda health situation related to the service delivery from the donors. The study found that the reasons for the emergence of PBF on the policy agenda in Rwanda were largely poor healthcare services 28%, poor health indicators 24%, and results of a pilot project in Rwanda by NGOs 21%. The suggestions to guide policy makers in development of appropriate and sustainable Performance-Based Funding system and delivery of health services in Rwanda were found to consist of increasing pay for doctors 23%, recruiting more healthcare staff 19%, developing better monitoring and evaluation systems 16%. Unless doctors are well motivated, they will not be able to offer better services. It is also important to recruit more staff especially medical doctors, midwives and nurses due to the nature of the burden they were facing. The Ministry of Health should also enhance a national Performance-Based Funding database to assist the district steering committees and the national level in management of the fund.
This book presents researches performed with higher education students, from the theoretical perspective of the theory of relation to knowledge proposed by Bernard Charlot. Higher education contexts are diverse: five of the chapters present data from three surveys with university students in one community college in the state of Minas Gerais - Brazil; and one addressed students of a distance education of a public university in the same state. The surveys were conducted in courses of different areas of knowledge. Thus, two chapters refer to the number of students of an university, covering the areas of humanities, life sciences and exact sciences; two chapters present data of students of major courses, a chapter refers exclusively to students of Faculty of Education and, the other, students of two courses of the computing area. In all six presented researches, the aspects previously identified in the theory of relation to knowledge proved to be relevant: issues such as desire and pleasure in learning, family relationships, and the identity perceptions were necessary for the understanding of the relation to knowledge, as far as questions relating to the condition of social origin.
Teacher education plays an important role in quality improvement of school education by way of enhancing skills and competencies of both prospective and in-service teachers. So we need a high quality teacher education for teachers of all level of education. One of the significant aspects of teacher education is teacher education curriculum and process of curriculum transaction followed by teacher educator. The author has studied the teacher education of West Bengal, India in perspectives of National Curriculum Framewok-2005.This book gives a detailed account of teacher education by clarifying different concept of teacher education. It also contains a through and latest review of reseach studies relating to various aspects of teacher education. This book would be useful for teacher trainees, teacher educators, educational administrators for understanding teacher education programme at secondary level. It would also help the readers to know extent to which teacher education at secondary level is changed as per the NCF-2005. So that proper steps may be taken by Universities and SCERTs to renew the existing pattern of teacher education.