With each passing year sailing is getting more popularity as a way of recreation among amateurs. This research is aimed on investigating the current situation of the sailing tourism market, in particular, from the perspective of the Russian consumer. The main findings describe personality of the amateur sailor, his preferences and directions that could be improved and developed in the field of sailing tourism.
Corporate Governance Reforms in India got a kick start with the liberalization of the Indian Economy in 1991. Unlike the central governance issue in the western world which is essentially that of disciplining the management,the key focus of the corporate governance framework for India needs to be on disciplining the dominant shareholder. Given that the Indian corporate governance regulations have largely borrowed from the Anglo Saxon model of governance, it is not surprising that they do not provide an adequate solution to India’s corporate governance woes. Adding to the problem arising from the application of an alien corporate governance model is also the problem of weak enforcement of corporate governance regulations through the Indian legal system which raises serious concerns on whether investors would be able to get timely dispensation of justice in case of corporate governance wrongdoings. Currently Corporate Governance Reforms in India are at crossroads; while there is no doubt about the good intention behind the reforms, there is a need to look for a complete solution, evolved from within, and to craft a solution for the specific challenges of India.
Herein, we report a model investigation of the adhesion properties between major polysaccharides present in flax fibre and polylactic acid (PLA) polymer matrix, and a correlation between these interactions and the final mechanical properties of the fibre and the composite. The raw flax fibre was first submitted to two separate treatments, an enzymatic and an alkali one, which are known to indirectly promote the fibre-matrix interface adherence. Morphology, mechanical and adherence properties of the treated fibres were measured from nanometer to macroscopic scale. In a second time, we adapt the colloidal force microscopy (CFM) to directly probe the interaction forces between PLA and different polysaccharides in the flax fibre. Our results underline the important interactions of cellulose and PLA matrix with the hydrated polymers, such as hemicelluloses and pectins that plays crucial role in maintaining fibres intrinsic strength, as well as interfacial properties respectively. In parallel, adhesion force mapping of real raw and treated flax fibre’s surface by AFM force-volume technique give complementary results that underline an important adhesion with the hydrated polysaccharides.
This book illustrates drilling fluids technology, including drilling problems related to drilling fluids. After a general review of mud types , properties and the currently used additives (density agents , viscosifiers , thinners , filtrate reducing agents , alkalinity control agents , emulsifiers , lubricants spotting fluids , lost circulation materials , shale inhibitors and hydrogen sulfide scavengers) are described followed by drilling problems related to drilling fluids.
Evaluation of facial esthetics is an integral part of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning and it should comprehensively encompass a detailed in-depth analysis of macro-esthetics which deals with the face in all three planes of space, mini-esthetics which deals with the smile framework and micro-esthetics which deals with the teeth. Esthetic smile design is a multifactorial decision making process that allows the clinician to treat patients with an individualized, interdisciplinary approach. The indispensable components such as a consonant smile arc, smile symmetry, optimal lip line, minimal or no buccal corridors, a commissural line and maxillary frontal occlusal plane parallel to the pupillary line, a small smile index and harmoniously integrated dental and gingival components are indeed artistic guidelines to help orthodontists treat patients the esthetic way.
Beautiful hair has been trendy in every age. The face of person is a unique own individuality in which hair play a noteworthy role in both sexes. It is eminent that hair care is the most essential part of good grooming.Dandruff, graying of hair and head lice is common problem of hair. Dandruff is problem which is over-exploited by hair care market industry. In this day and age people spend more money about 20 times in comparison to last decade to buy products like shampoos, lotion, conditioner, hair oil etc. But complete cure is lacking even today. Manufacturers firms are not only advertising magic herbs but also dreams. The fact about herbal products quality and safety over synthetic is globally accepted. Is every cosmetic product as calming wonderful effect is to be true? Keep this is in view, the present book “An overview of Botanicals for hair care: 1 (dandruff and Lice)” is written and designed to communicating the appropriate knowledge with critical study by 15 tables and 14 figures .This book will be serving as hand book for new researchers, teachers, students, cosmetic industry working on hair care. This book is intended for everyone with an interest in herbal hair care.
The benefits of a well-planned and efficiently managed transportation system spreads far beyond the transport field, as it is essential for industry, for people’s mobility, and for good communications. Passenger transport is a public utility, and the benefits derived will be realised only if the system is planned and regulated so that all members of society benefit from it. This book provides an overview of public road transport in Johannesburg, which is a world class African City located in the economic hub of South Africa. More specifically it sketches how public transport is managed in South Africa with some international comparisons. A brief discussion of the structure and systems of public transport is followed by a discussion of two primary modes of public transport, namely bus and mini-bus taxis, and transport service quality. The final chapter provides empirical evidence of commuters' perception of bus and minibus taxi service quality in Johannesburg.
Micro and Small enterprises enormously contribute to the Kenyan economy through employment and income generation. In spite of this contribution, their performance in terms of graduation is little understood. The evidence supporting the view of micro and small enterprises as the engine of growth is limited. This study was based on Schein’s model by Edgar Schein career Anchors was anticipated to shade light on the motivation on the graduation of MSEs. The main objective of the study was to assess the influence of entrepreneurial motivation on Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) graduation.A sample size of 189 respondent was selected. A Stratified and simple random sampling techniques was used. Primary and secondary data was used to achieve the objectives of the study. Primary data was collected using questionnaires and secondary data was collected from Eldoret Municipal achieve. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics.The study concludes that entrepreneurers’ perceptions on contextual entrepreneurial factors should be improved in order for them to graduate in the enterprise continuum. Secondly, MSEs owners should enhance their entrepreneurial competen
Si-based anodes have recently received considerable attention for use in Li-ion batteries, due to their extremely high specific capacity – an order of magnitude beyond that offered by conventional graphite anode materials. However, during the lithiation process, Si-based anodes undergo extreme increases in volume, potentially by more than 300 %. The stresses produced within the electrode by these volume changes can damage the electrode, causing the cell to rapidly fail and lose capacity. These problems can be overcome by producing new anode materials incorporating both Si and C, which may offer a favorable combination of the best properties of both materials, and which can be designed with internal porosity, thereby buffering the high strains produced during battery charge and discharge. In this work we have developed several novel synthesis processes for producing internally porous Si-C nanocomposite anode materials for Li-ion batteries. We have also investigated the influence of a range of different parameters on the electrochemical performance of these materials.
Cardiac arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow. A heartbeat that is too fast - above 100 beats per minute in adults - is called tachycardia and a heartbeat that is too slow - below 60 beats per minute - is called bradycardia Many types of arrhythmia have no symptoms. When symptoms are present these may include palpitations or feeling a pause between heartbeats. More seriously there may be light-headedness, passing out, shortness of breath, or chest pain. While most types of arrhythmia are not serious, some predispose a person to complications such as stroke or heart failure. Others may result in cardiac arrest. The heart's rhythm is controlled by electrical signals. An arrhythmia is an abnormality of the heart's rhythm. It may beat too slowly, too quickly, or irregularly. . The method of cardiac rhythm management depends firstly on whether or not the affected person is stable or unstable. .This book aims to provide the information about arrhythmia, its type, diagnosis and various approaches of management.
The success and predictability of osseointegrated implants has forever changed the philosophy and practice of dentistry and, perhaps more than any other speciality, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery has changed dramatically. New Bone augmentation and simultaneous implant surgery procedures allow clinicians to reconstruct alveolar bone deficiencies, preserve alveolar dimensions and replace missing teeth with dental implants in a prosthetically driven position with natural appearance and position.
Traditionally, boron has been added for improving the hardenability of low alloy quenched and tempered steels. However, the advancement of steel making process made it possible to control boron content in steel even at ppm levels and thereby controlling boron/nitrogen ratio. Judicious addition of with controlled processing of steel can lead to improvement in formability of low carbon unalloyed steels which has drawn considerable attention in recent past. Present review describes boron as unique alloying element which depending on alloy chemistry, process parameters and cooling rates can behave as an hardener or softener.
(Jose Antonio) Carlos de Seixas (1704-1742) is an important figure in the European keyboard music of the beginning of the 18th-century. His keyboard sonatas demonstrate a high execution level that can be compared with J. P. Rameau, J. S. Bach, Domenico Scarlatti, Padre Antonio Soler and other important composers of his time. This book will discuss the sources for Seixas scholarship followed by a historical overview of seventeenth- and eighteenth- century Portugal as well as a brief biographical sketch of Seixas’s life. This book includes a discussion of Seixas’s musical style and form—including specific approaches to ornaments, articulation, improvisation, rubato, and the like—. The author examines various facets of his compositional style, including some commonalities found in many composers’ works during the transitional period between the Baroque and pre-Classical. Furthermore, this work examines in greater detail Seixas’s keyboard writing and gives elements for the analysis of Seixas’s sonatas. In addition, this book includes pedagogical insights from an analytical standpoint and annotations for the use of Seixas’s sonatas as teaching resources.
Gain a deeper understanding of the issues surrounding financial risk and regulation Foundations of Financial Risk details the various risks, regulations, and supervisory requirements institutions face in today's economic and regulatory environment. Written by the experts at the Global Association of Risk Professionals (GARP), this book represents an update to GARP's original publication, Foundations of Banking Risk. You'll learn the terminology and basic concepts surrounding global financial risk and regulation, and develop an understanding of the methods used to measure and manage market, credit, and operational risk. Coverage includes traded market risk and regulation, treasury risk and regulation, and much more, including brand new coverage of risk management for insurance companies. Clear explanations, focused discussion, and comprehensive relevancy make this book an ideal resource for an introduction to risk management. The textbook provides an understanding of risk management methodologies, governance structures for risk management in financial institutions and the regulatory requirements dictated by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. It provides thorough coverage of the issues surrounding financial risk, giving you a solid knowledgebase and a practical, applicable understanding. Understand risk measurement and management Learn how minimum capital requirements are regulated Explore all aspects of financial institution regulation and disclosure Master the terminology of global risk and regulation Financial institutions and supervisors around the world are increasingly recognizing how vital sound risk management practices are to both individual firms and the capital markets system as a whole. Savvy professionals recognize the need for authoritative and comprehensive training, and Foundations of Financial Risk delivers with expert-led education for those new to risk management.
The book emphasizes on the development of gas sensors fabricated using thin films of PPy, ZnO nanoparticles, PPy-ZnO nanocomposite and PPy-ZnO-CSA for oxidizing and reducing toxic gases recognition. Gas response curves of materials were analyzed to find selectivity of films towards particular gas and for evaluation of other parameters mentioned above. The gas sensing performance at different concentrations of selective gas is carried out at room temperature and the performance of the sensors is evaluated in terms of their selectivity, sensitivity and response-recovery times. Lastly, Gas sensing mechanism and physical model for the same wherever possible is discussed.