The research on which this book is based set out to: identify and describe both phonological and grammatical variations in the English spoken by teachers at primary school level in Kenya, Africa; determine how these variations depart from the British standard variety; correlate the linguistic variation observed with the social variables of ethnicity, gender, educational level and rural-urban dichotomy; and discuss the implications of the emergent sociolinguistic patterns for pedagogy in Kenya and by extension, in other non-native multilingual contexts. The general finding is that the English spoken by teachers at primary school level in Kenya varies from the British standard variety - the model that is supposed to be used at all the education tiers in Kenya. This variation cuts across all the social variables investigated. The study argues for the consideration of the sociolinguistic reality of English in Kenya and adoption of a local variety of English, a variety that will be close to other standard varieties, thus making it possible for Kenyan speakers to maintain mutual intelligibility with international speakers of English while maintaining their Kenyan identity.
Skills Builder for Young Learners is a series of books with supplementary material offering systematic practice and development of listening, reading, writing and speaking skills. In particular, the series provides tasks and activities to build those language skills which younger students need in order to communicate effectively and successfully. The books are especially designed for younger students at primary level who are learning English as a foreign language and are between the ages of 7 and 12. The books can supplement any primary course and can be used with all young learners, regardless of their cultural background. The series reflects the main content areas (topics, vocabulary, structures, etc) most commonly taught in syllabuses of primary level coursebooks throughout the world. Text and pictures present tasks in a clear and attractive way, appropriate to the age and interests of primary learners. The series has three key levels: Primary Level 1 - Starters Primary Level 2 - Movers Primary Level 3 - Flyers Skills Builder for Young Learners: Movers 2 is the second book at Primary Level 2, the middle level of the series. It is designed for children between the ages of 8 and 11 who have completed approximately 110 - 200 hours of English language learning. Components: - Student's Book - Teacher's Book - Class Audio CDs (set of 2) The Student's Book consists of five units, each of which provides classroom work for approximately four 45-minute lessons, depending on each school's programme. Each unit is divided into three sections -Listening, Reading & Writing and Speaking, which provide all of the visual material to be used in the tasks and activities. There is a thematic vocabulary list at the end of the book, in which the words used at Primary Level 2 are grouped under semantic themes (e.g. Animals, Clothes, etc) as well as under categories such as Adjectives, Useful Expressions and so on. The Teacher's Book provides: - a description of the types of main tasks presented in the Student's Book - suggested lesson procedures, including detailed suggestions for warm-up and follow-up activities to provide further practice in a wider range of language skills - a complete key to all of the exercises - a 'Speaking script' for conducting the activities in the Speaking sections of the Student's Book - complete tapescripts of all the listening material - an appendix listing the syllabus of Primary Level 2 in terms of: grammar and structures; topics, notions and concepts.
This is a six-level series of readers for children learning English. Each title contains a factual section that introduces children to a variety of exciting topics. The concepts and structures learnt in the factual section are then reinforced by an enjoyable story based on the topic. The series provides reinforcement of basic structures and vocabulary and can be used alongside any primary course. Level 2
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Existentialism proclaims the idea of a man present, performing a search for meaning, making choices, self-determining in its relation to reality, possessing an active subjective entity. In the process of economic activity a person is faced with the action of their own will influence other areas of the will of the active agents. He needs arise that require his satisfaction, he is involved in the economic cycle, some of which sectors are investigated in this study, namely: entrepreneurship, as a consequence of the implementation of a new combination of natural factors, business risk as a source of entrepreneurial profit and a catalyst for economic activity, business as routine economic activities aimed at developing the existing building, international business, as economic activity is possible at a potential that is created by public constraints, international payments, as the movement of financial resources for a business, writ proceedings, as inevitable, the procedure of execution of mutual obligations with the participation of the public entity, collateral relations, as security relationships that create a safety buffer for the counterparty.
Captivating Discovery Education™ video and stimulating global topics spark curiosity and engage teenage learners. Developed in partnership with Discovery Education™, Eyes Open features captivating Discovery Education™ video and stimulating global topics to motivate students and spark their curiosity. This version of the Workbook includes access to the online learning management platform with extra resources, games and interactive video activities. Teachers can use the platform to track students' progress and ensure more effective learning. A Student's Book and Online Workbook pack with link to the learning management platform is also available