Program planning plays pivotal role in preparation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of all the rural and agriculture developmental programmes and is found operational at all the levels of hierarchy. It helps the extension agencies to deliver the products, services and technical know-how more effectively and efficiently to the client system. The book reflects different aspects of planning, monitoring and evaluation of extension programmes with pertinent process and guiding principles which are now mainstreamed throughout the cycle of planning, monitoring and evaluation.
This book offers core ideas on basic agricultural extension programme planning, monitoring and evaluation that will be useful for academicians in a class-room setting, as well as for researchers in rural and agricultural extension to understand development in practice. These ideas are highly related to the success or failure of extension programmes in field situations. This work helps a student of rural and agricultural extension be acquainted with ideas and techniques of agricultural Programme development. Understanding the concepts, principles and related intricacies of agricultural extension enable a practitioner to plan extension programme, similarly a researcher to plan his/her studies on the impact of extension at different levels. Thus, this book aims at benefiting an array of audience including practitioners, students, teachers and researchers in rural and agricultural extension.
Women in agriculture programme is a gender sensitive and communication intervention programme designed by the federal government of nigeria to assist women farmers have access to agricultural extension services.The programme was disigned because there was an apparent consesus that women farmers were marginalized compared to thier male counterparts. It was believed that development efforts were skewed in favour of the male farmers. The priogramme was therefore established to act as gendder stablizer. It is being implemented as a component of agricultyural development programme (adp). This work assessed the impact of the programme on women farmers.
This book analyzes how Wards and Sub-wards perform their functions with respect to the implementation of Environmental Planning and Management (EPM). It investigates why EPM has not been fully operationalized at the Ward and Sub-ward, and also analyzes policy implications on how grassroots units can enhance the realization of EPM objectives and more generally, the implementation of the Local Government Reform Programme in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, Africa. Being the closest units to the local community, findings of this study have shown how environmental planning and management process led to the realization of projects in Jitegemee, Mabibo, and Azimio Sub-wards. EPM approach at the community level can be further enhanced through various investments under the Urban Development and Environmental Management (UDEM) framework implementation, which can be linked towards the various issues and concerns of Sub-wards. The Ward level on the other hand needs to strengthen its coordinative functions at the Municipal level to support Sub-wards’ proposed projects.
ABOUT THE BOOK The book is specially designed for UG and PG students of Agriculture keeping in mind the need of extension at farm level. Contents covered in this Textbook intends to expose students to various agricultural and rural development programmes and also evolutionary aspects that extension took to stand as a discipline in the prevailing agricultural scenario. The scope of the book is divided into four major areas. The first area deals with basic concepts of extension and education, terminologies in extension, changing scenario of agricultural extension and future challenges for extension. The second area deals with first-line extension system, early extension efforts, community development programmes, agricultural development programmes, panchayat raj systems and social justice and poverty alleviation programme. The third area deals with gender analysis and issues, women in agriculture, women development programmes and Mahalir Thittam implemented in Tamil Nadu state of India. The fourth area deals with changing focus in agricultural extension, latest concepts and approaches in extension.
The book focuses on understanding the dynamics of current internal migration in Nigeria and implication for changing reproductive behaviour and family planning adoption. Migrants and non-migrants differ in terms of cultural affiliations and socio-demographic characteristics which may have implication for changing fertility behaviour and family planning. The study relies on data from the 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) to provide empirical evidence on the interrelationships between migration, fertility and family planning with a profound focus on Nigeria. Findings of the study will provide a framework and guidelines for effective and coordinated programmes for addressing issues of high fertility and low contraception in Nigeria, even as the country moves towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1, 4 and 5. The author, Mr. Omoyeni Sunday, is a scholar with a considerable experience in data analysis and research with a profound focus on fertility and reproductive health. He is currently working as a Programme Assistant with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Abuja, Nigeria.
The objective of the book is to study a unit or a programme with the help of sound methodological application. It has been observed that mere description of the planning and developmental strategies is insufficient to deal the problems of regional inequalities. Therefore, an attempt is being made to search the problem, formulate the strategies, enumerate objectives and to solve problems with appropriate methodological tools. In the book empirical evidences have been presented to cover broader perspective and holisticity of regional planning in India. Empirical verification is the key to write this volume. Unit level/area level study has been done to justify the idea and rational of this book. The thrust of the book is methodological argumentation, logical analysis and systematic arrangement of facts. This is envisioned that there is lack of systematic account to overview regional development, planning and policy outlook in India. This book is an attempt in this direction to replicate and emphasize developmental strategies and its implication. Special emphasis has been given on the methodological aspect so as to logically underpin the existing paradigms of development.
According to multiple regression results all the studied cereals mean yields are affected by zone, fertilizer type and crop damage effects. In addition to this, barley is affected by extension programme; maize crop by seed type, irrigation, and protection of soil erosion; sorghum and teff crops are additionally affected by crop prevention method, extension programme, protection of soil erosion, and gender of the household head; and wheat crop by crop prevention methods, extension programme and gender of the household head. The results from the mixed model analysis were entirely different from the regression results due to the observed dependencies of the cereals mean yields on the sampling unit. Based on the hierarchical cluster analysis, five groups of classes (clusters) were identified which seem to be in agreement with the geographical neighbouring positions of the locations and the similarity of the type of crops produced.
Programme management is the coordinated organisation and implementation of a portfolio of projects and activities that help your business achieve its strategic objectives. Good programme management is the key to managing transformational change and, in today’s business environment, the organisations that can transform themselves are more likely to succeed. Managing Successful Programmes For Dummies is your plain-English guide to implementing and using the proven MSP method. It provides a structured framework that helps you coordinate your projects and achieve your goals. The book takes you through every step of programme management and inside you’ll find: What’s involved in a programme – and how it differs from a project! An overview of the structure of MSP Full explanations of MSP principles, governance themes and transformational flow Planning and making a business case for your programme The key roles and responsibilities in programme management The lifecycle of a programme – from conception to delivery Quality and risk management in your programme Working with stakeholders All about the MSP Qualifications
The huge human and material resources that Nigerian Government have committed into implementation of agricultural extension system are yet to yield expected dividend. The book filled a gap in knowledge by evaluating the features of Training and Visit (T&V) management system that has been put in place, as a basis for rightly judging the effectiveness of the Unified Agricultural Extension Service (UAES), which adopted T&V in Abia and Akwa Ibom States of Nigeria. As an on-going evaluation, it provided empirical data needed for judging the utility of the UAES and T&V system and the feedback required for effective and efficient extension management. It is a veritable tool for use by policy makers and stakeholders, such as the World Bank, in the process of taking informed decision about agricultural extension strategy. The book contributed to knowledge and expanded supportive literature for further studies. The book is suitable as a classroom text for students in the Colleges of Agriculture and University Faculties of Agriculture in the Topics. It is especially invaluable for Agricultural Economics and Extension Students. It serves as a guide for Programme Monitoring and Evaluation.
School development planning was adopted as a strategy to improve teaching and learning, school management and governance, and community participation in education under the UPE programme in Uganda. The success of SDP is underpinned by three factors: intellectual capital (resides with the head teacher as a change agent and at the centre of the process of school development and improvement), social capital (resides in the school contexts) and political capital (resides in the socio-political climate). The ability of the head teacher to optimally blend the three types of capital in a given context with focus on a right area may provide the opportunity to produce the expected results. The purpose of this book is to explore the perceptions and experiences of stakeholders about the process, practices, and impact of SDP. It also examines the contribution of SDP towards improvement of the quality of education in primary schools in Uganda. This book provides head teachers, local and national leaders practical suggestions to improve and sustain SDP such as the use of locally generated strategies to tackle school challenges and sharing of effective teaching practices.
Institute village linkage programme (IVLP) has been conceptualized differently from other extension projects to solve farmer's problems in a participatory mode. The bio-physical and socio-economic constraints, priorities and preferences of interventions are identified critically before launching the programme through agro ecosystem analysis. Strategies for assessment, refinement and dissemination of improved technologies are taken into account accordingly and experimented at farmer's fields in the form of on farm trials and verification trails. Farmer's resources and their traditional technologies are also considered and valued while the project is undertaken to improve village situation. The professionals and stakeholders work jointly together for problem solving and decision making processes. In view of farmer's perspective and target group, the project is designed and planned by stakeholders. The service providers act as facilitators and the stakeholders as actors while preparing the project in participatory mode. Faster growth and development of technologies have increased complexities in the field of agricultural development. Now the technological
The Rajive Gandhi Rehabilitation scheme for tsunami affected people of Andaman was implemented by Andaman and Nicobar Administrations during 2005-2008. Impact assessment study was under taken during 2007-08 by ICAR institute, CARI, Port Blair. It was recommended that to identify the need based activities of the scheme a bottom up approach should be adopted so that the sense of belongingness among the stake holder can be created. They not only be involved at implementation stage, right from the planning and maintenance stage also. However, efforts should be made to execute the project activities through Panchyat Raj Institutions so that commitment and responsibility can be assigned to them for maintenance during post implementation. In this programme, due to lack of time; planning was done by the govt. Officials and partly with the help of the local people. Since programme was to be implemented immediately after tsunami 2004, people could not be fully involved at planning level. However, at implementation and maintenance stage local people were involved. This has resulted in good impact on the stakeholders.
In Ethiopia,a formal agricultural extension was started only after the establishment of Alemaya College of Agriculture.Currently, Ethiopia is following a new system of agricultural extension termed Participatory Demonstration and Training Extension System (PADETES).According to the new strategy, the responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture at the federal level is to formulate agricultural policies, design packages, organize and conduct training activities.The planning, execution, monitoring and evaluation of extension programs, however, fall with in the power and duties of the regional agricultural bureaus.In the Benishangul Gumuz National Regional State (BGNRS), the current extension program was started in the year 1996.Very in the beginning, the program was focused on only food crop packages. But now, the program is further expanded to livestock, coffee, and post harvest technologies.But this study mainly focused up on the performance of the program in relation to the main food crop packages of the area.Generally, planners, policy makers, researchers, administrators, farmers and other stakeholders can be the potential users of this study.
The main argument in this book is that decentralization and participation are incremental, sequential and learning processes out of which gains are collected and errors improved upon justifying their judgement after they have been tried and given sufficient time to stabilize and bear fruits. Using the Community Based Rural Land Development Project (CBRLDP) as a case study, the book assesses the impact of decentralized and participatory planning in a poverty reduction oriented development programme in Machinga District in Malawi. It shows that given access to land, improved technical capacity, functional markets, an enabling political and socio-cultural environment, land reforms geared at resettling the land poor can transform livelihoods through increased food and cash crop production and access to social infrastructure services. It concludes that in planning community based and driven development projects in a multi-party and multi-cultural environment, political and cultural factors have to be taken into account to avoid excluding rightful beneficiaries in targeted interventions.