This book provides an introduction to basic research methods and techniques used by applied economists and other social science researchers especially in multidisciplinary research settings. The author introduces the book with the delineation of the scientific research method from other major types of human inquiry such as religions and extra-sensory perceptions. He then discusses the development of a research proposal followed by methods of collecting data and the analysis of these data. Special emphasis is placed on the identification and correction of various types of errors in the process of data analysis. The development of research reports and research ethics are also discussed. This book is useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students, consultants, researchers, and lecturers undertaking research in applied economics and also for other social scientists involved with multi-disciplinary research projects that interact social sciences with physical sciences in academia, government and the private sector. The book is a good reference for workers and officers of private sector agencies such as banks, retail stores and manufacturers for use in customer feedback surveys.
The role of technology in economic development is critical, pervasive, and indispensable. In today’s world, the degree of a country’s development or underdevelopment depends critically on the extent to which technology has been harnessed to facilitate the production of goods and services in agriculture, industry, commerce, and professional activities. This at least implies a systematic approach to control of production through labor-saving techniques and a sophistication of communications, transportation network, etc. However, the key issues of the role of technological change in the development process have received vary scanty attention by the policy makers in the developing countries. Furthermore, the development of science and technology in the poor countries are implicitly taken usually by default since for a long time those nations did not seriously direct their attention to the formulation and implementation of explicit technological policies let alone devote adequate resources to research and development (R and D) and other science and technology activities.
The book economics of plantain production in central Niger delta provides socio-economic information on plantain production that will be of immense guide to students of agriculture, practicing farmers, lecturers, researchers in teaching and learning as well as government in policy formulation and programme planning for agricultural development and plantain production in particular. It contains findings generated from field research.
Contributions to Operations Research & Economics – Twentieth Annivers of Core
The new ideas and discoveries first appear in journals therefore these have always been considered as an important medium of communication and dissemination of knowledge. Thus journal literature reflects current research trends and developments in a field of study. A bibliometric study of the articles published in journals determines the status of advancement and research activities in a subject field. As economics is an important area of interest for the social scientists. Therefore the bibliometric analysis of a journal literature of economics is very helpful to determine its research patterns. This effort provide a descriptive analysis of the papers published in the Pakistan Development Review during the period 1973-2009 with the purpose to determine the authorship patterns, the topics of the papers, the number of references per paper, etc. Along with other results; the research collaboration was found in an increasing order and agriculture was found as the most favourite area of researchers.
New Approaches to Monetary Economics brings together presentations of innovative research in the field of monetary economics. Much of this research develops and applies approaches to modelling financial intermediation, aggregate fluctuations, monetary aggregation and transactions-motivated monetary equilibrium.
Water is lifeblood of agriculture. Access to irrigation water determines food security and farm income. Lack of irrigation poses serious constraint to increase agricultural production. Well-controlled year-round irrigation water supply can increase agricultural production and contribute to rural prosperity and economic transformation. Groundwater irrigation is the best alternative source of irrigation that can harness the benefits of available resources at the minimum possible cost and in a short period of time. Promotion of irrigation water markets is one way to enhance sustainable management of groundwater resources. This book provides information about the economics of groundwater irrigation and functioning of irrigation water markets in Nepal. It presents important research findings about factors determining ownership of shallow tubewell, factors determining development of irrigation water markets; costs and benefits of shallow tubewell irrigation; and impact of groundwater irrigation on rice production, food security, and overall livelihoods. These research findings will be useful for policymakers, development practitioners, and donors, and researchers.
First published in 1985 and strongly quantitative in flavour, Analytical Studies in Transport Economics presents work that was at the frontier of research in the field of transport economics. Written by some of the leading scholars in this field, it covers intercity freight and air passenger transport.