Экологически безопасно для питомца. Изготовлено из натуральной древесины, с сохранением внешнего слоя коры. Технология медленной сушки позволяет достигнуть необходимой влажности изделия для сохранения внешеного вида и долгосрочного хранения. При изготовлении использованы только натураальные компоненты.
Designed for a one-semester advanced calculus course, Advanced Calculus explores the theory of calculus and highlights the connections between calculus and real analysis -- providing a mathematically sophisticated introduction to functional analytical concepts. The text is interesting to read and includes many illustrative worked-out examples and instructive exercises, and precise historical notes to aid in further exploration of calculus. Appropriate rigor for a one-semester advanced calculus course Presents modern materials and nontraditional ways of stating and proving some resultsIncludes precise historical notes throughout the bookoutstanding feature is the collection of exercises in each chapterProvides coverage of exponential function, and the development of trigonometric functions from the integral
General purpose.Most books which deal with fractional derivative refer to the Riemann-Liouvile definition in terms of integral: one first defines integral and then one defines derivative. On the contrary, this book provides a systematic self-contained presentation of fractional calculus, via fractional difference, and expands a fractional differential calculus which is quite parallel to the Leibniz calculus (therefore the expression of fractional differential calculus) and which is also quite physically meaningful. Whilst the standard fractional calculus applies to differentiable functions only, the present calculus holds for both differentiable functions and non-differentiable functions. Summary of content. Theory and application of this fractional differential calculus Proposals for some new approaches to analytical mechanics, differential geometry in fractal space-time, fractional white noise calculus, and information theory. Readership. Any scientist who is interested in fractals and in the applications of fractional calculus to natural science, either for the appications or for the foundations of physics
Prepare for calculus the smart way, with customizable pre-calculus practice 1,001 Pre-Calculus Practice Problems For Dummies offers 1,001 opportunities to gain confidence in your math skills. Much more than a workbook, this study aid provides pre-calculus problems ranked from easy to advanced, with detailed explanations and step-by-step solutions for each one. The companion website gives you free online access to all 1,001 practice problems and solutions, and you can track your progress and ID where you should focus your study time. Accessible on the go by smart phone, tablet, or computer, the online component works in conjunction with the book to polish your skills and confidence in preparation for calculus. Calculus-level math proficiency is required for college STEM majors. Pre-calculus introduces you to the concepts you'll learn in calculus, and provides you with a solid foundation of methods and skills that are essential to calculus success. 1,001 Pre-Calculus Practice Problems For Dummies gives you the practice you need to master the skills and conquer pre-calculus. Companion website includes: All 1,001 practice problems in multiple choice format Customizable practice sets for self-directed study Problems ranked as easy, medium, and hard Free one-year access to the online question bank Math is notorious for giving students trouble, and calculus is the #1 offender. Fear not! Pre-calculus is the perfect calculus prep, and 1,001 Pre-Calculus Practice Problems For Dummies gives you 1,001 opportunities to get it right.
The "?-calculus" is a formal logical system, which as classical one, treats (true and false) assertions in the grounds, but unlike - in the semantic sense - their truth (falsity) values are differently set. Besides, here are of interest only (always) false formulas or negations etc. We formulate a number of formal theorems of the calculus within its "propositional", "predicate" and "arithmetical" versions and put forward the (meta-theoretical) requirements for completeness and consistency of these systems. It is shown that they largely "share fate" of classical formalizations: when it is about, say, completeness of the propositional calculus, or the (in)completeness of predicate calculus and formal number theory et al. Finally, we bring a version of this formalism as a sequential calculus, as well as a constructive proof of its consistency (after Gentzen).
Practice makes perfect—and helps deepen your understanding of calculus 1001 Calculus Practice Problems For Dummies takes you beyond the instruction and guidance offered in Calculus For Dummies, giving you 1001 opportunities to practice solving problems from the major topics in your calculus course. Plus, an online component provides you with a collection of calculus problems presented in multiple-choice format to further help you test your skills as you go. Gives you a chance to practice and reinforce the skills you learn in your calculus course Helps you refine your understanding of calculus Practice problems with answer explanations that detail every step of every problem The practice problems in 1001 Calculus Practice Problems For Dummies range in areas of difficulty and style, providing you with the practice help you need to score high at exam time.
Your light-hearted, practical approach to conquering calculus Does the thought of calculus give you a coronary? You aren't alone. Thankfully, this new edition of Calculus Workbook For Dummies makes it infinitely easier. Focusing «beyond the classroom,» it contains calculus exercises you can work on that will help to increase your confidence and improve your skills. This hands-on, friendly guide gives you hundreds of practice problems on limits, vectors, continuity, differentiation, integration, curve-sketching, conic sections, natural logarithms, and infinite series. Calculus is a gateway and potential stumbling block for students interested in pursuing a career in math, science, engineering, finance, and technology. Calculus students, along with math students in nearly all disciplines, benefit greatly from opportunities to practice different types of problems—in the classroom and out. Calculus Workbook For Dummies takes you step-by-step through each concept, operation, and solution, explaining the «how» and «why» in plain English, rather than math-speak. Through relevant instruction and practical examples, you'll soon learn that real-life calculus isn't nearly the monster it's made out to be. Master differentiation and integration Use the calculus microscope: limits Analyze common functions Score your highest in calculus Complete with tips for problem-solving and traps to avoid, Calculus Workbook For Dummies is your sure-fire weapon for conquering calculus!
Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition (9781119293491) was previously published as Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition (9781118791295). While this version features a new Dummies cover and design, the content is the same as the prior release and should not be considered a new or updated product. Slay the calculus monster with this user-friendly guide Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition makes calculus manageable—even if you're one of the many students who sweat at the thought of it. By breaking down differentiation and integration into digestible concepts, this guide helps you build a stronger foundation with a solid understanding of the big ideas at work. This user-friendly math book leads you step-by-step through each concept, operation, and solution, explaining the «how» and «why» in plain English instead of math-speak. Through relevant instruction and practical examples, you'll soon learn that real-life calculus isn't nearly the monster it's made out to be. Calculus is a required course for many college majors, and for students without a strong math foundation, it can be a real barrier to graduation. Breaking that barrier down means recognizing calculus for what it is—simply a tool for studying the ways in which variables interact. It's the logical extension of the algebra, geometry, and trigonometry you've already taken, and Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition proves that if you can master those classes, you can tackle calculus and win. Includes foundations in algebra, trigonometry, and pre-calculus concepts Explores sequences, series, and graphing common functions Instructs you how to approximate area with integration Features things to remember, things to forget, and things you can't get away with Stop fearing calculus, and learn to embrace the challenge. With this comprehensive study guide, you'll gain the skills and confidence that make all the difference. Calculus For Dummies, 2nd Edition provides a roadmap for success, and the backup you need to get there.
Get the confidence and math skills you need to get started with calculus Are you preparing for calculus? This hands-on workbook helps you master basic pre-calculus concepts and practice the types of problems you'll encounter in the course. You'll get hundreds of valuable exercises, problem-solving shortcuts, plenty of workspace, and step-by-step solutions to every problem. You'll also memorize the most frequently used equations, see how to avoid common mistakes, understand tricky trig proofs, and much more. Pre-Calculus Workbook For Dummies is the perfect tool for anyone who wants or needs more review before jumping into a calculus class. You'll get guidance and practical exercises designed to help you acquire the skills needed to excel in pre-calculus and conquer the next contender-calculus. Serves as a course guide to help you master pre-calculus concepts Covers the inside scoop on quadratic equations, graphing functions, polynomials, and more Covers the types of problems you'll encounter in your coursework With the help of Pre-Calculus Workbook For Dummies you'll learn how to solve a range of mathematical problems as well as sharpen your skills and improve your performance.
AP test-takers are committed students, and they are eager for all the test prep they can get. The Princeton Review's Cracking the AP Calculus AB & BC Exams provides a thorough subject review of test topics, but many students are looking for even more practice before test day. 550 AP Calculus AB & BC Practice Questions brings Calculus students all the crucial extra practice they need, with questions that cover all the types seen on both exams. (Note: AB and BC Calculus cover many of the same topics. BC Calculus, the more difficult course, covers the same material as AB Calculus but also includes additional coursework. This title will help students prepare for either exam.)
Cracking the AP Calculus AB Exam, 2016 Edition, is dedicated to the calculus topics students need to cover to succeed on the AB test, including functions, graphs, limits, derivatives, and integrals. The exam covers the material taught in a full-year course.