Educationists the world over have acknowledged that school dropout is one of the most vexing challenges in the provision of education among adolescents. Studies have shown that while school dropout is common in both developed and developing nations, it is most rampant in the developing world. Ironically, though, the problem seems to be least understood in developing countries- not much research has been done to venture into understanding the problem. Zambia has not been spared the effects of school dropout. As is the case in most developing countries in Africa, school dropout in Zambia has been found to affect rural adolescents more than it does their urban counterparts. This book therefore seeks to enlighten readers about the factors that influence adolescents to drop out of school in rural communities through an in-depth study of a rural community of Southern Zambia. Through the unique triadic approach of viewing school dropout through the eyes of the young people who dropped out of school, their parents, and teachers who taught them, this book demonstrates that school dropout is a complex problem that is influenced by a variety of interrelated factors.
Urban high schools in America are not generating the desired results. Many factors contribute to school dropout, which has an impact on the individual and society. Several of the potential causes are examined and connections between multiple causes are noted. Quantitative and qualitative studies were used to create a complete view of this issue. Dropout prevention methods and programs are described, as is the role of school counselors in dropout prevention. A phenomenological study was also conducted to gain the personal perspective of individuals who dropped out of an urban school district. The specific goal of the research was to determine what factors contributed to students deciding to drop out of high school. Seven individuals participating in a General Education Diploma program shared their experience of dropping out of high school. Individual and small group interviews were conducted. The experiences reported were compared among each participant and were also related to the existing research. Results varied among participants, they reflected both the individual and the school community. Conclusions are reported as they relate to the role of school counselors.
DropOut Patterns Among Female Students in Rwanda Secondary Schools Research is intended to provide Policymakers, Educationists and Researchers an understanding of why secondary school education is affected by female dropout in Rwanda. The book covers a wide range of issues that concern female dropout at the secondary school level in Rwanda. It explores debates and reviews literature on processes that surround dropout. One unique contribution of this research is that it shows how ‘time’ (girls’ time spent on domestic labor) could impact negatively on girls’ secondary school education in Rwanda.The book outlines recommendations on emerging issues and concludes by suggesting strategies that could be used by Policymakers and Educationists in Rwanda to reduce the problem of female dropout at the secondary school level.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between secondary school dropouts and crime escalation in Vihiga County, Kenya. The objectives were to: discuss the criminal activities by secondary school dropouts in Vihiga County, Kenya, assess the factors influencing dropout rate among secondary school students in relation to crime escalation in Vihiga County, Kenya and examine the correlation between dropouts and crime escalation among secondary school students in Vihiga County, Kenya. The Study was anchored on two theories namely: Labeling Theory and Conflict Theory.
This study was conducted to explore the causes of primary school dropout in Pakistani context. Dropouts, their parents and teachers were surveyed for the purpose. School and individual factors emerged as the major causes of students' dropout from primary schools. Student’s socioeconomic status, grade retention, difficulties in learning, lack of interest in studies, unfriendly school, lack of basic facilities in school, teacher’s hostile attitude with students were the causes identified by the dropouts. School, student and family based causes forced the parents to make decision of withdrawal of their brood from school before completion of primary education. Primary school teachers were of the opinion that the leading causes which forced the child to leave school were parental carelessness, poor parental economic condition, grade retention, student’s out of school company, truancy, difficulty in learning, student's preference for child labor over studies, inability to continue learning, psychological problems, illiteracy of parents and student’s poor health. Curriculum seemed out dated, irrelevant and inflexible. The teachers’ professional training and commitment was a question mark.
School violence is a worldwide issue.A number of factors are promoting school violence in students in most of the countries of the world.The book reflects the nature of school violence in secondary school students in rural areas of Pakistan.Most of the students involved in school violence belong to illiterate, physical and psychological broken families. Most of the parents in rural areas are illiterate.
The academic achievement of Latinos is of great concern as the percentage of high school completion of Latino students falls behind that of other ethnic groups. There is a need to explore the relationship patterns of peers, school life and Latino students’ school performance and the impact these may have in the development of future goals. Even though supportive and trusting relationships with teachers and other adults in school settings are important for the academic development of adolescents, supportive alliances with other students are just as valuable. Peer relationships are very important; students’ sense of social acceptance, being comfortable at school, their decisions in respect to school performance, and educational aspirations are shaped on an ongoing basis through their relationships with peers.
This research examines social, school, and household factors associated with children’s school enrollment and dropout in Vietnam, paying special attention to the gender gap in schooling. Based on a theoretical framework that incorporates social, school, and household contexts, the empirical analyses start with a descriptive analysis of children’s school status, then used a multilevel approach. The contextual factors used in the analysis relate to school availability, the affordability of schooling for households, and the willingness of households to support schooling. We argue that children can go to school only when there are “schools” of proper levels for them to attend, and households are able and willing to send them to school. The data used for the empirical analysis are from the Vietnam Living Standard Survey in 1992-93 and 1997-98.
This book is an attempt to find out the various reasons of truancy amog the school going students. As per the latest Guidlines of Educational apex bodies attempt must be made to stop the drop-uot of students and bring the left out children to schools. In INDIA various schemes are started to retain and educate the students in schools. For the drop out students various mainstream schemes are implemented. Here the need is aroused to find the reasons of students' drop out from the school and suggest some ways and means to bring those students to school again. Today world is looking toward INDIA for future market and source of Man Power in different fields.
Students are important in any education system. They are the basic component for any school to be registered by the Ministry of Education. However the retention of these students within the education system is a great challenge. Male students face a lot of challenges within the school and outside the school such as lack of school fees, examination pass marks and discrimination at home and in school, which lead to drop out from school. The study therefore sought to establish the factors leading to drop out among male students in Mihang’o division, Njiru District. The objectives of the study were to estimate the independent and dependent factors leading to students drop out of school. Stratified random sampling was used to select the 6 schools where the boys sample came from. The reasons for being absent from school was as follows; school fees 40%, sickness 20%, helping at home 20%, caring for sick relatives 10% and engaging in casual work 5%. The study recommends enhancing of guidance and counseling in schools, provision of bursaries to boys and community sensitization on the importance of boy child education
Deborah Lippmann представляет летнюю коллекцию лаков Happy Days с обновленной инновационной формулой Gel Lab PRO. Запатентованная формула новых лаков обогащена десятью активными ингредиентами, которые обеспечивают здоровье Вашим ногтям, а маникюру - стойкость, яркий блеск и финиш, подобный гелевому маникюру. Лаки новой коллекции снабжены обновленной контурной кистью, круглый кончик которой позволяет максимально ровно прорисовать линию вокруг кутикулы, а 360 щетинок равномерно распределяют лак по всей ногтевой пластине, не оставляя разводов. Для здоровья ногтей: экстракт вечерней примулы, кератин, биотин, экстракт зеленого чая, экстракт Aucoumea Klaineana, натуральной смолы североафриканского дерева и запатентованный комплекс Nonychosine F, который придает ломким ногтям силу и выравнивает их поверхность. Для стойкости: платиновая пудра, эпоксидная смола Для блеска: шелковая фибра, плексигласс Все лаки коллекции обеспечивают плотное покрытие уже после 1 слоя!
Primary level provides five years of education to the 5-9 years of school-going age children and consists of five grades I-V in Nepal. The primary school dropout is defined as any student who leaves school for any reason before completion of a program of studies without transferring to another school. The objective of research is to find out the causes of dropout in primary schools of the study districts. The highest dropout rate was found to be 6.69 percent in grade I and followed by 5.24 percent, 3.66 percent, 2.48 percent and 3.66 percent in grades II, III, IV and V respectively. From logistic regression analysis of child related variables, grade, age and work at home were found to be significant variable and among family related variables, parent’s apathy towards their children education, education status of father, education status of mother and number of children in family were found to be significant. This book will be useful for the persons who want to research on wastage and dropout of primary school.
Education is a right to everyone as the Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states (United Nations, 2011). However, educated women’ potentials and their worldwide thinking are developed, hence, give reasonable judgments in every area of development. Since 2000 many nations have committed themselves to remove the gender gap and achieve gender equality between girls and boys (UNESCO, 2000). In spite of all the efforts done, still a few girls who attend secondary school complete their education cycles. The author examined the extent to which the school distance and residential arrangements contribute to dropping out of girls at Kwimba community secondary schools. Generally, the findings revealed that, the distance above four kilometers had the highest rates of drop outs of whom girls were many. In residential arrangements, students who stayed with their parents had the highest dropout rates followed by those who stayed in rental rooms. Distances to school and poor students’ residence associate with longtime household chores, early pregnancy, early marriages, truancy and poor performance for girls.
What can we do to help our adult learners to success in higher education? Those who do not immediately attend college after high school are distinct from mainstream students in that they have more life-balance issues. This research demonstrates that adult college students are more likely to be successful if they participate in small learning communities of students in similar circumstances. Advisors, counselors and professors can help these students be more successful by supporting opportunities for these students to work together.
This book is based on the role of nutrition as a factor in children's learning in the primary school children in Bangladesh. There are two major factors involved in learning achievement, one is school factor and another is home factor. Nutrition is one of the home variables which is very critical to school achievement. This books describes the detail relation between nutritional status and educational achievement in primary level students. Primary school is one of the most important area of research in Bangladesh where more than two millions of children are school going and majority of them are suffering with malnutrition and thus, really hamper their school achievement both quantitative as well as qualitative ways. However, primary school is the best place to disseminate nutritional knowledge to the students as well as the whole society.