Secondary education is the phase of education following primary education. Except in countries where only primary or basic education is essential, secondary education includes the final phase of unavoidable education and in many countries it is utterly compulsory. The next step of education is habitually college or university. Secondary education is characterized by transition from primary education for minors to tertiary, "post-secondary", or "higher" education (e.g., university, vocational school) for adults. Depending on the system, schools for this episode or a part of it may be called secondary schools, high schools, gymnasia, lyceums, middle schools, sixth-form, sixth-form colleges, vocational schools and preparatory schools, and the exact sense of any of these varies between the systems.
The book ‘Secondary education in Nigeria: Challenges and way forward’ describes secondary education and the challenges facing it in Nigeria. It is written to provide information and relevant data for educational researchers, particularly those that work on secondary education and those working on comparative education in the world, although researchers in other disciplines can gain from it. The first part of the book gives the introduction to the theme. the second part describes secondary education in terms of scope and purposes. The third part discusses the challenges facing secondary education in the country while the fifth part states the recommendations for tackling the challenges and improving the state of secondary education in the country. The last part however gives the summary and conclusion to the issue discussed.
Secondary education is a link between elementary education in one hand and tertiary education on the other .Improved enrolment at the elementary stage in the last decade in India has led to increase access to secondary schools.The country is moving towards universalisation of secondary education. Scheduled Tribes(STs) are one of the educationally backward sections of India and different type of secondary schools i.e. residential/non residential, Government and non government and tribal and general schools exist in the country having different levels of facilities. The present work examines the enrolment,acievement and personality pattern of ST students of secondary schools of Odisha in India.
The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare present secondary teacher education programs and it practices relating to different components of curriculum in Bangladesh and Philippines. Secondary teacher education programs in the two education systems were investigated through different documents analysis and curriculum review. The study showed that there are some important similarities and contrasts between two programs. The philosophies and the policies of teacher education in both countries represent an extensive variety of social, economic, political and cultural context. Both curricula place emphasis on holistic development and potentialities for present and prospective teachers on the basis of different skills of teaching, knowledge, values, attitudes, talents, interests, and confidence. In contrast, it has been found that science subjects are in insignificant position than liberal arts subjects in Bangladesh secondary teacher education curriculum compare to Philippines. The study recommends that Bangladesh secondary teacher education program needs some changes, particularly in course duration; need addition of some new subjects like value education and field study.
Over the last decade, decentralization of service delivery especially in education, health and agriculture has been seen as the way to go for effective democratic governance. Consequently, many developing countries have decentralized primary education in a bid to achieve this goal. However,whereas even some national constitutions or Local Government Acts in principle decentralize education below the tertiary level to Local District Authorities for example, in Uganda,the decentralization of secondary education is still a huge challenge to many countries.This book explores the challenges faced by both local and central governments in the decentralization process and suggests feasible solutions to the major challenges. The book challenges secondary education stakeholders including policy formulators,planners and education practitioners to decentralize secondary education for easy access and management.
The book comprises several educational datasets. Instead of using mapping based only on artificial aggregation within predetermined boundaries of the countries, geographical information systems (GIS) techniques have been used to identify and map new areas of education provision in Rwanda. Therefore, GIS mapping highlights spatial distribution of education in Rwanda and the comparison between different locations enables the identification of areas of need for effective and efficient geographical provision of education in Rwanda.
With the introduction of Free Tuition Secondary Education (FTSE) Policy in 2008 in Kenya, it was anticipated that the GER would increase, particularly in mixed day secondary schools where parents have been relieved of the burden of paying tuition fees and only pay for lunch and infrastructure upgrading. This study established that there was fluctuating trends in the actual grade survival rates (AGSR) of the 2004 and 2008 female cohorts from grade to grade with a mean AGSR of 89.38 percent and 89.63 percent respectively, while the AGSR at Form Four for the two cohorts were 76.06 percent and 74.50 percent respectively; graduation rates (GR) based on grade for the 2007 and 2011 female candidates were 97.55 percent and 98.11 percent respectively while GR based on the 2004 and 2008 cohorts were 74.65 percent and 74.50 percent respectively. The study concluded that FTSE Policy has positively influenced access of the girl-child to education and recommended that the government should come up with affirmative action to further improve access and survival rates of the girl-child.
This mathematics book is the second of the series of Mathematics Studies books from Samwel Katambi, the author of the Basic Mathematics for Secondary School - Book One. It includes mathematics concepts such as Exponents, Radicals, Algebra, Congruence, Similarity, Trigonometry, Pythagoras Theorem, Sets and Statistics. It is suitable for those learners and readers who take mathematics subjects in schools and colleges. The topics are arranged in engaging manners which enable the reader to understand the concepts easily. This book will help anybody to realize his/her mathematics potential as he/she progress to higher education and career.
Relevance is the ultimate aim of educational reforms worldwide.In Kenya, secondary school Home Science education has undergone several changes in recent years in search of relevance,which seems to be elusive . This book examines the policies and changes in Home Science education between the years 1981 and 2005. It also analyzes the teachers'' and students'' perceptions of the policies and changes. Views of teachers and students, as key players in the education process, are crucial in any attempts to attain the education relevance. The Book explores the impact of the policies and changes on objectives, content, time allocation and evaluation in the secondary school Home Science education .Contextual analysis shows that Home Science education in Kenya has evolved in terms of structure but very little in terms of the content itself. Gains made include localization of content and textbooks. However, the syllabus has increasingly become more theoretical despite the fact that this is a practical subject. Avenues for future review of the Home Science education are explored.
Secondary Education has received a pivotal position in the educational system of a country. It plays the role of spinal cord in the life of national economy. It is a stage where destiny of a student is determined. At this stage aptitudes are directed and reasoning powers are developed. Physical development is utilized for high level skills. Students at this stage should be carefully nourished, nurtured, developed, taught and trained for peace, prosperity and progress of the country. Statistics indicate that education sector is improving over the decades. Although improvement in the education sector is slow but it is neither static nor declining. One of the reasons behind slow improvement is the ignorance of the Public sector towards education. Adequate educational reforms may place Secondary Education on the road to success.
Teacher education plays an important role in quality improvement of school education by way of enhancing skills and competencies of both prospective and in-service teachers. So we need a high quality teacher education for teachers of all level of education. One of the significant aspects of teacher education is teacher education curriculum and process of curriculum transaction followed by teacher educator. The author has studied the teacher education of West Bengal, India in perspectives of National Curriculum Framewok-2005.This book gives a detailed account of teacher education by clarifying different concept of teacher education. It also contains a through and latest review of reseach studies relating to various aspects of teacher education. This book would be useful for teacher trainees, teacher educators, educational administrators for understanding teacher education programme at secondary level. It would also help the readers to know extent to which teacher education at secondary level is changed as per the NCF-2005. So that proper steps may be taken by Universities and SCERTs to renew the existing pattern of teacher education.
Despite good progress made in reducing the HIV/AIDS epidemic, its prevalence continues to pose a threat to the youth in Uganda. In response to this my study explored the effectiveness of sexuality education as an HIV preventative measure in selected secondary schools of Mbarara,Uganda. It explored students' sexuality education needs, attitudes, knowledge and social behaviour in relation to the pandemic.The research, generated recommendations that support students develop skills and attitudes for responsible sexual behavior.
This book provides the findings of a research conducted on the factors affecting the transition rates of learners from the primary to the secondary school level in Kenya. The rationale of the study is the fact that there are many children who are locked out of progressing to the next level in formal education despite the fact that the policy acknowledges that secondary education is part of basic education and therefore a fundamental right to every child in the country. A study on transition from one level of education to next is very important in this country bearing in mind that one, Kenya is a signatory to the international declarations that advocate for Education for All. Secondly, for the country to achieve Vision 2030 which is a new economic blueprint, education of the population will be a key allay. This book is a product of the author's masters degree thesis. It draws from data collected from one of the districts in the country which is densely populated and performs poorly in national examinations despite the fact that it is situated in an area favored well climatically.