"Spectroscopy Tutorial" book uses the data that is obtained from spectroscopy and is called a spectrum [a spectrum is a plot of the intensity of energy detected versus the wavelength (or mass or momentum or frequency, etc.) of the energy] to identify the components of a sample (qualitative analysis), i.e., to identify the structural formula of unknown compound. To deepen and clarify the idea of this book; it contains four chapters: Ultraviolet-Visible (UV/Vis) Spectroscopy that shows absorption only if conjugated pi-electron systems are present, Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy that determines functional groups in the compound, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy that distinguishes and counts atoms in different locations in the molecule, and Mass (MS) Spectrometry providing a precise molecular weight. In order to view the whole idea of the book, the fifth chapter is designed containing a range of solved problems.
The tutorial and remedial programme is an important part of the B.Ed. curriculum and several meaningful activities are being conducted. However several other relevant activities can be incorporated to further enhance the programme. The supervisors of different tutorial groups and student teachers had a positive perception towards the tutorial and remedial programme being conducted in the Dept. of Education , Faculty of Education and Psychology ,The M.S. University of Baroda.
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Attenuated Total Reflection (ATR) Spectroscopy is now the most frequently used sampling technique for infrared spectroscopy. This book fully explains the theory and practice of this method. Offers introduction and history of ATR before discussing theoretical aspects Includes informative illustrations and theoretical calculations Discusses many advanced aspects of ATR, such as depth profiling or orientation studies, and particular features of reflectance
The diverse applications of surface plasmons resonance spectroscopy are well know and understood. X-ray spectroscopy has proven to be one of the most useful tools in the study of thin filmm. The lateral electron density variation within a thin film (measured using x-ray spectroscopy) and the dielectric constant variation of the thin film (investigated using surface plasmons resonance spectroscopy) are however linearly related to one onother. It is in the light of the linearity between these two pyzsical quantities that prompted us to combine both spectroscopic analysis processes in one device. In this way it was posible to use the results obtain from x-ray reflectivity and work back to verify the results obtain from the surface plasmons resonance scans. This was realise for static s well as for dynamic processes within a thin film of polymer.
The book focussed on the isolation, characterisation and standardisation of markers from the medicinal plant Moringa oleifera. Isolation was done by Column chromatography and Preparative chromatography. Characterisation of markers was done by U.V Spectroscopy, I.R Spectroscopy, NMR Spectroscopy and Mass Soectroscopy. U.V. Spectroscopy is used to detect the ?max, I.R is concerned to detect the functional groups, NMR is used to detect the sequential arrangement of groups in a compound and mass spectroscopy is used to detect the molecular weight of the compound. By using these above techniques we can predict the structure and molecular weight of the compound. Then standardise these isolated markers.
The aim of this study is characterization of the icon materials using different spectroscopic methods to give information about the identity of icons, assessment the state of icons, and evaluation the effect of environmental conditions. This book is based on a literature review and experimental work. A collection of eleven icons were included within the study. Different spectroscopic methods have been used during the study such as Attenuated Total Reflection-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), Field Emission Scanning Electron microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (FESEM-EDX), Amino Acid Analyzer (AAA), Optical Microscopy (OM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Raman Spectroscopy (RS), and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES). The results are used for the conservation and/or restoration of the artifacts itself.
Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy or ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-Vis or UV/Vis) refers to absorption spectroscopy or reflectance spectroscopy in the ultraviolet-visible spectral region. This means it uses light in the visible and adjacent (near-UV and near-infrared (NIR)) ranges. The absorption or reflectance in the visible range directly affects the perceived color of the chemicals involved. In this region of the electromagnetic spectrum, molecules undergo electronic transitions. This technique is complementary to fluorescence spectroscopy, in that fluorescence deals with transitions from the excited state to the ground state, while absorption measures transitions from the ground state to the excited state.
Raman Spectroscopy and its Application in Nanostructures is an original and timely contribution to a very active area of physics and materials science research. This book presents the theoretical and experimental phenomena of Raman spectroscopy, with specialized discussions on the physical fundamentals, new developments and main features in low-dimensional systems of Raman spectroscopy. In recent years physicists, materials scientists and chemists have devoted increasing attention to low-dimensional systems and as Raman spectroscopy can be used to study and analyse such materials as carbon nanotubes, quantum wells, silicon nanowires, etc., it is fast becoming one of the most powerful and sensitive experimental techniques to characterize the qualities of such nanostructures. Recent scientific and technological developments have resulted in the applications of Raman spectroscopy to expand. These developments are vital in providing information for a very broad field of applications: for example in microelectronics, biology, forensics and archaeology. Thus, this book not only introduces these important new branches of Raman spectroscopy from both a theoretical and practical view point, but the resulting effects are fully explored and relevant representative models of Raman spectra are described in-depth with the inclusion of theoretical calculations, when appropriate.
An introduction to one of the fundamental tools in chemical research—spectroscopy and photophysics in condensed-phase and extended systems A great deal of modern research in chemistry and materials science involves the interaction of radiation with condensed-phase systems such as molecules in liquids and solids as well as molecules in more complex media, molecular aggregates, metals, semiconductors, and composites. Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics was developed to fill the need for a textbook that introduces the basics of traditional molecular spectroscopy with a strong emphasis on condensed-phase systems. It also examines optical processes in extended systems such as metals, semiconductors, and conducting polymers, and addresses the unique optical properties of nanoscale systems. Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics begins with an introduction to quantum mechanics that sets a solid foundation for understanding the text's subsequent topics, including: Electromagnetic radiation and radiation-matter interactions Molecular vibrations and infrared spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Photophysical processes and light scattering Nonlinear and pump-probe spectroscopies Electron transfer processes Each chapter contains problems ranging from simple to complex, enabling readers to gradually build their skills and problem-solving abilities. Written for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in physical and materials chemistry, this text is uniquely designed to equip readers to solve a broad array of current problems and challenges in chemistry.
The first interactive CD-ROM for color theory! Color is at the center of graphic communications. Every stage of the process incorporates the proper use of color from design, to production and printing. Color: An Interactive Tutorial balances color theory and new media to explain how color is perceived, how it is used and misused, and how to effectively work in an increasingly full-color graphic communications environment. This CD-ROM is an excellent tutorial for graphic designers, multimedia developers,production artists, or anyone with an interest in color theory!
•How to personalize lecturer-student contact in the context of mass education? •How does the one-to-one Tutorial System work? •What is the best Tutorial System for university students? This book sets out to explore the impact of the Tutorial System implemented in a key Chinese university, focusing on the quality of student experience. Using an emergent design and a qualitative methodology, it explores perceptions towards and the effectiveness of the existing tutorial system models. The findings suggest that the ‘curriculum model’ works better than the ‘pastoral model’ in the context of the Chinese university. The book concludes by proposing some suggestions to develop an effective, integrated and proactive tutorial system. The book contributes to the current debate on the practice of higher education in its effort to nurture talents and appeals to researchers who are keen to understand, employ and develop the qualitative inquiry.