This book presents a new theory of the relationship between vagueness, context-sensitivity, gradability, and scale structure in natural language. Heather Burnett proposes a new formal reasoning system called DelTCS in which she sets out a completely new theory of gradable linguistic constructions.

This book presents a new theory of the relationship between vagueness, context-sensitivity, gradability, and scale structure in natural language. Heather Burnett proposes a new formal reasoning system called DelTCS in which she sets out a completely new theory of gradable linguistic constructions.

Smith-Acuña illuminates the structural hierarchy, roles, and boundaries that give a system structure. The relationship between parts and wholes is both simple and profound, and particularly important in looking at systems structure. These morsels of wisdom are good examples of Smith-Acuña's grace as a systems theory tour guide: one moment she's digging deeper into the nuances among the theories, the next moment she's simplifying without dumbing down, but in a manner that is enormously liberating. We enjoy the fun, full, and informed journey with her. —Frank S. Pittman III, MD A practical presentation of systems theory as a fundamental model for clinical practice Valuable for seasoned mental health professionals as well as those in training, Systems Theory in Action presents systems theory—the unifying principles surrounding the organization and functioning of systems—as it applies to individual, couples, and family therapy. This innovative book explores systems theory as an effective model for general mental health practice. It examines the role systems theory can play, specifically in understanding clients' presenting problems in context, within the various systems and subsystems in which the problems are embedded. Filled with realistic clinical stories illustrating relevant concepts that tie theory to technique, Systems Theory in Action takes an in-depth look at: Systems theory as a solid guide through the dynamic process of psychotherapy The multilayered value of observing human interactions through a systems view Systemic thinking, its core components, and how it serves to reveal a «big picture» view of clients and their presenting problems Systems Theory in Action is a unique contribution to the field, translating the technical terminology of general systems thinking into common, everyday language.

A deductive physical theory should in principle be a pure mathematical theory together with an identification of certain quantities/concepts (“observables”) in the theory and corresponding observable entities in the real world. This identification – the “interpretation” of the theory – should be unproblematic, both for the theoretician and the experimentalist. A general basis for a deductive physical theory, comprising both classical and quantum physics in a unified way, is proposed. The theory is based on successive confidence estimates on quantum-mechanical wave functions corresponding to space-localizations of particles. This allows a direct and simple way of describing both macroscopic and microscopic phenomena by means of the same basic concepts. Central in the axiomatics of the outlined theory is a concept called equiangular sequences of projection operators. It describes a successive sequence of “collapses of the wave function”. The proposed theory gives a basis for a general theory of irreversible processes based directly on quantum mechanics. It gives an alternative definition of entropy and an alternative derivation of entropy increase in irreversible processes.

Describing how to investigate all kinds of galaxies through a multifrequency analysis, this text is divided into three different sections. The first describes the data currently available at different frequencies, from X-rays to UV, optical, infrared and radio millimetric and centimetric, while explaining their physical meaning. In the second section, the author explains how these data can be used to determine physical parameters and quantities, such as mass and temperature. The final section is devoted to describing how the derived quantities can be used in a multifrequency analysis to study such physical processes as the star formation cycle and constrain models of galaxy evolution. As a result, observers will be able to interpret galaxies and their structure.

High-energy-density physics explores the dynamics of matter at extreme conditions. This encompasses temperatures and densities far greater than we experience on Earth. It applies to normal stars, exploding stars, active galaxies, and planetary interiors. High-energy-density matter is found on Earth in the explosion of nuclear weapons and in laboratories with high-powered lasers or pulsed-power machines. The physics explored in this book is the basis for large-scale simulation codes needed to interpret experimental results whether from astrophysical observations or laboratory-scale experiments. The key elements of high-energy-density physics covered are gas dynamics, ionization, thermal energy transport, and radiation transfer, intense electromagnetic waves, and their dynamical coupling. Implicit in this is a fundamental understanding of hydrodynamics, plasma physics, atomic physics, quantum mechanics, and electromagnetic theory. Beginning with a summary of the topics and exploring the major ones in depth, this book is a valuable resource for research scientists and graduate students in physics and astrophysics.

In the theory of false vacuum eternal inflation the false vacuum decays whenever the inflaton potential has multiple minima. The decay means a nucleation of a bubble with a different density in vacuum energy. Inflation may occur within the bubble eventually giving way to the hot big bang with a subsequent evolution that is consistent with current observations. Interest in this picture has recovered as it became generally accepted that a compactification of the extra dimensions in string theory leads to an effective potential with a vast number of minima, the landscape of string theory. In the first part of this thesis the effects that can be expected if the surrounding of the bubble is dynamical are elucidated. In particular, it is shown how the bubble evolves in the presence of a fluid in the background, and moreover, the effects of a radial inhomogeneity in energy density and spatial curvature. Second, collisions of bubbles would disturb the homogeneity and isotropy of their interior, which, in turn, could lead to observable effects in the cosmic microwave background radiation. It will be clarified whether Minkowski functionals are a promising tool to detect such signals.

This series provides the chemical physics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Topics included in this volume include recent developments in classical density functional theory, nonadiabatic chemical dynamics in intermediate and intense laser fields, and bilayers and their simulation.

A comprehensive guide to making better capital structure and corporate financing decisions in today's dynamic business environment Given the dramatic changes that have recently occurred in the economy, the topic of capital structure and corporate financing decisions is critically important. The fact is that firms need to constantly revisit their portfolio of debt, equity, and hybrid securities to finance assets, operations, and future growth. Capital Structure and Corporate Financing Decisions provides an in-depth examination of critical capital structure topics, including discussions of basic capital structure components, key theories and practices, and practical application in an increasingly complex corporate world. Throughout, the book emphasizes how a sound capital structure simultaneously minimizes the firm's cost of capital and maximizes the value to shareholders. Offers a strategic focus that allows you to understand how financing decisions relates to a firm's overall corporate policy Consists of contributed chapters from both academics and experienced professionals, offering a variety of perspectives and a rich interplay of ideas Contains information from survey research describing actual financial practices of firms This valuable resource takes a practical approach to capital structure by discussing why various theories make sense and how firms use them to solve problems and create wealth. In the wake of the recent financial crisis, the insights found here are essential to excelling in today's volatile business environment.

An update to the Elliot Wave Principle that corrects a fundamental error The Elliot Wave Principle has been widely adopted as a tool for traders analyzing market cycles, but Ian Copsey has unearthed a fundamental error in the way it defines the structural development of price behavior. Harmonic Elliott Wave: The Case for Modification of R. N. Elliott's Impulsive Wave Structure explains what's wrong with the Principle, outlining a modification that allows for more accurate trading predictions. Revealing the methodology that led to this discovery, the common ratios that link different parts of the wave structure, and providing a wealth of practical examples to explain his findings, Copsey shows how waves really develop, dispelling the misconceptions that have been practiced by Elliotticians for years. Supporting his methods by consistently ensuring that waves are related by common ratios, Copsey helps the reader apply the revised version of the Principle with greater understanding and accuracy. Reveals a fundamental error in the popular Elliot Wave Principle Outlines a tried and tested modification that fixes this mistake and allows for more accurate analysis Offers essential information on applying the new model to the markets With far-reaching implications for traders everywhere, Harmonic Elliott Wave is a must-read for anyone who puts their faith in the Elliot Wave Principle.

Planet Earth is in the Milky Way Galaxy, the cloudy band of light that stretches clear across the night sky. How many galaxies are there in the universe? For years astronomers thought that the Milky Way was the universe. Now we know that there are billions of them. Gail Gibbons takes the reader on a journey light-years away.

Demonstrates how anyone in math, science, and engineering can master DFT calculations Density functional theory (DFT) is one of the most frequently used computational tools for studying and predicting the properties of isolated molecules, bulk solids, and material interfaces, including surfaces. Although the theoretical underpinnings of DFT are quite complicated, this book demonstrates that the basic concepts underlying the calculations are simple enough to be understood by anyone with a background in chemistry, physics, engineering, or mathematics. The authors show how the widespread availability of powerful DFT codes makes it possible for students and researchers to apply this important computational technique to a broad range of fundamental and applied problems. Density Functional Theory: A Practical Introduction offers a concise, easy-to-follow introduction to the key concepts and practical applications of DFT, focusing on plane-wave DFT. The authors have many years of experience introducing DFT to students from a variety of backgrounds. The book therefore offers several features that have proven to be helpful in enabling students to master the subject, including: Problem sets in each chapter that give readers the opportunity to test their knowledge by performing their own calculations Worked examples that demonstrate how DFT calculations are used to solve real-world problems Further readings listed in each chapter enabling readers to investigate specific topics in greater depth This text is written at a level suitable for individuals from a variety of scientific, mathematical, and engineering backgrounds. No previous experience working with DFT calculations is needed.

A complete guide to the role of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in new and emerging therapies With high-density lipoproteins (HDL) playing an increasing role in cardiovascular disease prevention, there is a growing need for an in-depth look at HDL and its clinical value. This book summarizes the current state of knowledge in the field, providing for the first time a comprehensive, systematic, stylistically coherent, and up-to-date review of the composition, structure, heterogeneity, metabolism, epidemiology, genetics, and function of HDL. Divided into three main parts, High-Density Lipoproteins first examines normal HDL particles, then describes defective HDL, and finally addresses the therapeutic normalization of subnormal levels and defective biological activities of this lipoprotein class. The book highlights the functional properties of HDL, which are relevant to the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and thrombosis, and discusses the compositional and metabolic heterogeneity of HDL particles. Readers will come away with a clear understanding of the role of HDL in biological processes, the potential value of functional HDL as a therapeutic target, and how current and emerging therapies are poised to influence the treatment of heart disease in the future.

In this work we present a summary of our obtained results in this last decades concerning analysis of the charge density distribution in a variety of organic industrial compounds used in different areas such as telecommunications, solar energy or biology. It is known that some physical properties such us the non-linear optical response and the biological activity of the studied compounds are directly linked to their electronic molecular structure. The knowledge of the electron density function derived from x-ray high diffraction studies combined to theoretical ab-initio calculation can lead to the rightful description of the molecular electrostatic properties such the dipole moment and the electrostatic potential around the molecules. In this book are presented in details the crystallographic investigation and the results are discussed systematically.

Galaxies are known as the building blocks of the universe, but arriving at this understanding has been a thousand-year odyssey. This journey is told through the lens of the evolving use of images as investigative tools. Initial chapters explore how early insights developed in line with new methods of scientific imaging, particularly photography. The volume then explores the impact of optical, radio and x-ray imaging techniques. The final part of the story discusses the importance of atlases of galaxies; how astronomers organised images in ways that educated, promoted ideas and pushed for new knowledge. Images that created confusion as well as advanced knowledge are included to demonstrate the challenges faced by astronomers and the long road to understanding galaxies. By examining developments in imaging, this text places the study of galaxies in its broader historical context, contributing to both astronomy and the history of science.

## spiral structure in galaxies – a density wave theory в наличии / купить интернет-магазине

## Gradability in Natural Language

This book presents a new theory of the relationship between vagueness, context-sensitivity, gradability, and scale structure in natural language. Heather Burnett proposes a new formal reasoning system called DelTCS in which she sets out a completely new theory of gradable linguistic constructions.

## Gradability in Natural Language

This book presents a new theory of the relationship between vagueness, context-sensitivity, gradability, and scale structure in natural language. Heather Burnett proposes a new formal reasoning system called DelTCS in which she sets out a completely new theory of gradable linguistic constructions.

## Shelly Smith-Acuña Systems Theory in Action. Applications to Individual, Couple, and Family Therapy

Smith-Acuña illuminates the structural hierarchy, roles, and boundaries that give a system structure. The relationship between parts and wholes is both simple and profound, and particularly important in looking at systems structure. These morsels of wisdom are good examples of Smith-Acuña's grace as a systems theory tour guide: one moment she's digging deeper into the nuances among the theories, the next moment she's simplifying without dumbing down, but in a manner that is enormously liberating. We enjoy the fun, full, and informed journey with her. —Frank S. Pittman III, MD A practical presentation of systems theory as a fundamental model for clinical practice Valuable for seasoned mental health professionals as well as those in training, Systems Theory in Action presents systems theory—the unifying principles surrounding the organization and functioning of systems—as it applies to individual, couples, and family therapy. This innovative book explores systems theory as an effective model for general mental health practice. It examines the role systems theory can play, specifically in understanding clients' presenting problems in context, within the various systems and subsystems in which the problems are embedded. Filled with realistic clinical stories illustrating relevant concepts that tie theory to technique, Systems Theory in Action takes an in-depth look at: Systems theory as a solid guide through the dynamic process of psychotherapy The multilayered value of observing human interactions through a systems view Systemic thinking, its core components, and how it serves to reveal a «big picture» view of clients and their presenting problems Systems Theory in Action is a unique contribution to the field, translating the technical terminology of general systems thinking into common, everyday language.

## Principles of Deductive Theoretical Physics

A deductive physical theory should in principle be a pure mathematical theory together with an identification of certain quantities/concepts (“observables”) in the theory and corresponding observable entities in the real world. This identification – the “interpretation” of the theory – should be unproblematic, both for the theoretician and the experimentalist. A general basis for a deductive physical theory, comprising both classical and quantum physics in a unified way, is proposed. The theory is based on successive confidence estimates on quantum-mechanical wave functions corresponding to space-localizations of particles. This allows a direct and simple way of describing both macroscopic and microscopic phenomena by means of the same basic concepts. Central in the axiomatics of the outlined theory is a concept called equiangular sequences of projection operators. It describes a successive sequence of “collapses of the wave function”. The proposed theory gives a basis for a general theory of irreversible processes based directly on quantum mechanics. It gives an alternative definition of entropy and an alternative derivation of entropy increase in irreversible processes.

## Alessandro Boselli A Panchromatic View of Galaxies

Describing how to investigate all kinds of galaxies through a multifrequency analysis, this text is divided into three different sections. The first describes the data currently available at different frequencies, from X-rays to UV, optical, infrared and radio millimetric and centimetric, while explaining their physical meaning. In the second section, the author explains how these data can be used to determine physical parameters and quantities, such as mass and temperature. The final section is devoted to describing how the derived quantities can be used in a multifrequency analysis to study such physical processes as the star formation cycle and constrain models of galaxy evolution. As a result, observers will be able to interpret galaxies and their structure.

## Foundations of High-Energy-Density Physics

High-energy-density physics explores the dynamics of matter at extreme conditions. This encompasses temperatures and densities far greater than we experience on Earth. It applies to normal stars, exploding stars, active galaxies, and planetary interiors. High-energy-density matter is found on Earth in the explosion of nuclear weapons and in laboratories with high-powered lasers or pulsed-power machines. The physics explored in this book is the basis for large-scale simulation codes needed to interpret experimental results whether from astrophysical observations or laboratory-scale experiments. The key elements of high-energy-density physics covered are gas dynamics, ionization, thermal energy transport, and radiation transfer, intense electromagnetic waves, and their dynamical coupling. Implicit in this is a fundamental understanding of hydrodynamics, plasma physics, atomic physics, quantum mechanics, and electromagnetic theory. Beginning with a summary of the topics and exploring the major ones in depth, this book is a valuable resource for research scientists and graduate students in physics and astrophysics.

## Aspects in the fate of primordial vacuum bubbles

In the theory of false vacuum eternal inflation the false vacuum decays whenever the inflaton potential has multiple minima. The decay means a nucleation of a bubble with a different density in vacuum energy. Inflation may occur within the bubble eventually giving way to the hot big bang with a subsequent evolution that is consistent with current observations. Interest in this picture has recovered as it became generally accepted that a compactification of the extra dimensions in string theory leads to an effective potential with a vast number of minima, the landscape of string theory. In the first part of this thesis the effects that can be expected if the surrounding of the bubble is dynamical are elucidated. In particular, it is shown how the bubble evolves in the presence of a fluid in the background, and moreover, the effects of a radial inhomogeneity in energy density and spatial curvature. Second, collisions of bubbles would disturb the homogeneity and isotropy of their interior, which, in turn, could lead to observable effects in the cosmic microwave background radiation. It will be clarified whether Minkowski functionals are a promising tool to detect such signals.

## Stuart Rice A. Advances in Chemical Physics

This series provides the chemical physics field with a forum for critical, authoritative evaluations of advances in every area of the discipline. Topics included in this volume include recent developments in classical density functional theory, nonadiabatic chemical dynamics in intermediate and intense laser fields, and bilayers and their simulation.

## Gerald S. Martin Capital Structure and Corporate Financing Decisions. Theory, Evidence, and Practice

A comprehensive guide to making better capital structure and corporate financing decisions in today's dynamic business environment Given the dramatic changes that have recently occurred in the economy, the topic of capital structure and corporate financing decisions is critically important. The fact is that firms need to constantly revisit their portfolio of debt, equity, and hybrid securities to finance assets, operations, and future growth. Capital Structure and Corporate Financing Decisions provides an in-depth examination of critical capital structure topics, including discussions of basic capital structure components, key theories and practices, and practical application in an increasingly complex corporate world. Throughout, the book emphasizes how a sound capital structure simultaneously minimizes the firm's cost of capital and maximizes the value to shareholders. Offers a strategic focus that allows you to understand how financing decisions relates to a firm's overall corporate policy Consists of contributed chapters from both academics and experienced professionals, offering a variety of perspectives and a rich interplay of ideas Contains information from survey research describing actual financial practices of firms This valuable resource takes a practical approach to capital structure by discussing why various theories make sense and how firms use them to solve problems and create wealth. In the wake of the recent financial crisis, the insights found here are essential to excelling in today's volatile business environment.

## Ian Copsey Harmonic Elliott Wave. The Case for Modification of R. N. Elliott's Impulsive Wave Structure

An update to the Elliot Wave Principle that corrects a fundamental error The Elliot Wave Principle has been widely adopted as a tool for traders analyzing market cycles, but Ian Copsey has unearthed a fundamental error in the way it defines the structural development of price behavior. Harmonic Elliott Wave: The Case for Modification of R. N. Elliott's Impulsive Wave Structure explains what's wrong with the Principle, outlining a modification that allows for more accurate trading predictions. Revealing the methodology that led to this discovery, the common ratios that link different parts of the wave structure, and providing a wealth of practical examples to explain his findings, Copsey shows how waves really develop, dispelling the misconceptions that have been practiced by Elliotticians for years. Supporting his methods by consistently ensuring that waves are related by common ratios, Copsey helps the reader apply the revised version of the Principle with greater understanding and accuracy. Reveals a fundamental error in the popular Elliot Wave Principle Outlines a tried and tested modification that fixes this mistake and allows for more accurate analysis Offers essential information on applying the new model to the markets With far-reaching implications for traders everywhere, Harmonic Elliott Wave is a must-read for anyone who puts their faith in the Elliot Wave Principle.

## Galaxies, Galaxies!

Planet Earth is in the Milky Way Galaxy, the cloudy band of light that stretches clear across the night sky. How many galaxies are there in the universe? For years astronomers thought that the Milky Way was the universe. Now we know that there are billions of them. Gail Gibbons takes the reader on a journey light-years away.

## Steckel Janice A Density Functional Theory. A Practical Introduction

Demonstrates how anyone in math, science, and engineering can master DFT calculations Density functional theory (DFT) is one of the most frequently used computational tools for studying and predicting the properties of isolated molecules, bulk solids, and material interfaces, including surfaces. Although the theoretical underpinnings of DFT are quite complicated, this book demonstrates that the basic concepts underlying the calculations are simple enough to be understood by anyone with a background in chemistry, physics, engineering, or mathematics. The authors show how the widespread availability of powerful DFT codes makes it possible for students and researchers to apply this important computational technique to a broad range of fundamental and applied problems. Density Functional Theory: A Practical Introduction offers a concise, easy-to-follow introduction to the key concepts and practical applications of DFT, focusing on plane-wave DFT. The authors have many years of experience introducing DFT to students from a variety of backgrounds. The book therefore offers several features that have proven to be helpful in enabling students to master the subject, including: Problem sets in each chapter that give readers the opportunity to test their knowledge by performing their own calculations Worked examples that demonstrate how DFT calculations are used to solve real-world problems Further readings listed in each chapter enabling readers to investigate specific topics in greater depth This text is written at a level suitable for individuals from a variety of scientific, mathematical, and engineering backgrounds. No previous experience working with DFT calculations is needed.

## Kontush Anatol High-Density Lipoproteins. Structure, Metabolism, Function and Therapeutics

A complete guide to the role of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in new and emerging therapies With high-density lipoproteins (HDL) playing an increasing role in cardiovascular disease prevention, there is a growing need for an in-depth look at HDL and its clinical value. This book summarizes the current state of knowledge in the field, providing for the first time a comprehensive, systematic, stylistically coherent, and up-to-date review of the composition, structure, heterogeneity, metabolism, epidemiology, genetics, and function of HDL. Divided into three main parts, High-Density Lipoproteins first examines normal HDL particles, then describes defective HDL, and finally addresses the therapeutic normalization of subnormal levels and defective biological activities of this lipoprotein class. The book highlights the functional properties of HDL, which are relevant to the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and thrombosis, and discusses the compositional and metabolic heterogeneity of HDL particles. Readers will come away with a clear understanding of the role of HDL in biological processes, the potential value of functional HDL as a therapeutic target, and how current and emerging therapies are poised to influence the treatment of heart disease in the future.

## Electron Charge Density in Organic Coumpounds

In this work we present a summary of our obtained results in this last decades concerning analysis of the charge density distribution in a variety of organic industrial compounds used in different areas such as telecommunications, solar energy or biology. It is known that some physical properties such us the non-linear optical response and the biological activity of the studied compounds are directly linked to their electronic molecular structure. The knowledge of the electron density function derived from x-ray high diffraction studies combined to theoretical ab-initio calculation can lead to the rightful description of the molecular electrostatic properties such the dipole moment and the electrostatic potential around the molecules. In this book are presented in details the crystallographic investigation and the results are discussed systematically.

## Unveiling Galaxies

Galaxies are known as the building blocks of the universe, but arriving at this understanding has been a thousand-year odyssey. This journey is told through the lens of the evolving use of images as investigative tools. Initial chapters explore how early insights developed in line with new methods of scientific imaging, particularly photography. The volume then explores the impact of optical, radio and x-ray imaging techniques. The final part of the story discusses the importance of atlases of galaxies; how astronomers organised images in ways that educated, promoted ideas and pushed for new knowledge. Images that created confusion as well as advanced knowledge are included to demonstrate the challenges faced by astronomers and the long road to understanding galaxies. By examining developments in imaging, this text places the study of galaxies in its broader historical context, contributing to both astronomy and the history of science.