These test problems were used by the author as weekly control works for the first year physics students at Novosibirsk State University in 2005. Solutions of the problems are also given. The problems were taken from or inspired by the sources that are listed at the end of the book. Some problems are fairly hard to solve and their main purpose is just to communicate some interesting facts to the students. The problems are arranged according to the program of the introductory mechanics course adopted at Novosibirsk State University. The following textbook (in Russian) Yu.I. Belchenko, E.A. Gilev, Z.K. Silagadze, Problems in mechanics of particles and bodies (http://shop.rcd.ru/details/1121), contains much more problems that have been used in seminars, students'' homework and in the written examinations during many years.
Human Rights violations by states are one of the major focal points in recent international law studies, the notion is heavily debated and there are conflicting approaches over the interpretation of the respective doctrines. The book tries to shed light on human rights violations conducted by the state and its officials and the subsequent attempt of states to escape responsibility by appealing to international norms such as the state immunity norm. It reveals the imminent clash between Human Rights Conventions protecting the individual and the State Immunity norm protecting the state.
Welfare state reform occurs in all advanced capitalist democracies, but it does not occur in identical ways, to the same degree or with similar consequences. In Comparative Welfare State Politics, Kees van Kersbergen and Barbara Vis explain the political opportunities and constraints of welfare state reform by asking 'big' questions. Why did we need a welfare state in the first place? How did we get it? Why did we get different worlds of welfare and do we still have them? What does the welfare state actually do? Why do we need to reform the welfare state? Why is reform so difficult, but why does it nevertheless happen? Can and will the welfare state survive the Great Recession? This book informs the reader comprehensively about the welfare state, while contributing to the ongoing debate on the politics of welfare state reform.