The up-to-DATE guide to name reactions in heterocyclic chemistry Name Reactions in Heterocyclic Chemistry II presents a comprehensive treatise on name reactions in heterocyclic chemistry, one of the most exciting—and important—fields within organic chemistry today. The book not only covers fresh ground, but also provides extensive information on new and/or expanded reactions in: Three- and four-membered heterocycles Five-membered heterocycles (pyrroles and pyrrolidines, indoles, furans, thiophenes, and oxazoles) Six-membered heterocycles, including pyridines, quinolines, and isoquinolines Featuring contributions from the leading authorities in heterocyclic chemistry. Each section includes a description of the given reaction, as well as the relevant historical perspective, mechanism, variations and improvements, synthetic utilities, experimental details, and references to the current primary literature. The reactions covered in Name Reactions in Heterocyclic Chemistry have been widely adopted in all areas of organic synthesis, from the medicinal/pharmaceutical field, to agriculture, to fine chemicals, and the book brings the most cutting-edge knowledge to practicing synthetic chemists and students, along with the tools needed to synthesize new and useful molecules.
Heterocyclic chemistry is of prime importance as a sub-discipline of Organic Chemistry, as millions of heterocyclic compounds are known with more being synthesized regularly Introduces students to heterocyclic chemistry and synthesis with practical examples of applied methodology Emphasizes natural product and pharmaceutical applications Provides graduate students and researchers in the pharmaceutical and related sciences with a background in the field Includes problem sets with several chapters
Until recently the low-coordinate compounds of the heavier elements of group 14 were known only as transient, unstable species which were difficult to isolate. However recent developments have led to the stabilisation of these compounds and today heavier group 14 element cations, radicals, anions, carbene analogues, alkene and alkyne analogues and aromatics have all been prepared as highly reactive, stable, fully characterizable and readily available organometallic reagents. Organometallic Compounds of Low-Coordinate Si, Ge, Sn and Pb describes the chemistry of this exciting new class of organometallics, with an emphasis on their major similarities and differences with the analogous species in organic chemistry. Topics covered include include the synthesis, structure, reactions and synthetic applications of : Si-, Ge-, Sn and Pb-centered cations, radicals and anions heavy analogues of carbenes: silylenes, germylenes, stannylenes and plumbylenes heavy analogues of alkenes: disilenes, digermenes, distannenes, diplumbenes heavy analogues of alkynes: disilynes, digermynes, distannynes, diplumbynes, and their valence isomers heteronuclear derivatives: silenes, germenes, stannenes, silagermenes, silastannenes, germastannenes heavy analogues of alkenes of the type: >E14=E13-, >E14=E15-, >E14=E16 [where E13, E14, E15 and E16 are elements of the groups 13, 14, 15 and 16] cyclic compounds (three-, four-, five-, and six-membered rings) heavy analogues of 1,3-dienes, allenes and other cumulenes heavy analogues of aromatic compounds; including a comparison between organometallic and organic aromaticity Organometallic Compounds of Low-Coordinate Si, Ge, Sn and Pb is an essential guide to this emerging class of organometallic reagents for researchers and students in main group, organometallic, synthetic and silicon chemistry
Written by an experienced editor widely acclaimed within the scientific community, this book covers everything from oxygen to nitrogen functionalities. From the contents: * Palladium-Catalyzed Syntheses of Five-Membered Saturated Heterocycles * The Formation of Carbon-Sulfur and Carbon-Selenium Bonds by Substitution and Addition Reactions Catalyzed by Transition Metal Complexes * Palladium-Catalysis for Oxidative 1,2-Difunctionalization of Alkenes * Palladium-Catalyzed Formation of Aromatic Heterocycles * Rhodium-Catalyzed Amination of C-H-Bonds * Transition Metal-Catalyzed Synthesis of Heterocycles * Copper-Catalyzed Synthesis of Azoles * Palladium(II)-Catalyzed C-N Bond Formation Involving Aminopalladation of Aklenes * Carbon-Heteroatom Bond Formation by Rh(I)-Catalyzed Ring-Opening Reactions * Recent Advances in Homogeneous Gold Catalysis: Formation of Carbon-Heteroatom Bonds The result is an indispensable source of information for the strategic planning of the synthetic routes for organic, catalytic and medicinal chemists, as well as chemists in industry.
Edited and authored by top international experts, this first book on conjugated polymers with a focus on synthesis provides a detailed overview of all modern synthetic methods for these highly interesting compounds. As such, it describes every important compound class, including polysilanes, organoboron compounds, and ferrocene-containing conjugated polymers. An indispensable source for every synthetic polymer chemist.
Here, all aspects of the topic are presented in a compact manner. The book is clearly structured, and divided into two sections – asymmetric synthesis of heterocycles containing only one nitrogen and that of those with more than one nitrogen as a heteroatom – such that the necessary information may be found at a glance. The international team of authors provides important experimental procedures, including industrial applications. Essential for synthetic chemists in pharmaceutical and agrochemical chemistry.
Selenium-based methods in synthetic chemistry have developed rapidly over the past years and are now offering highly useful tools for organic synthesis. Filling the gap for a comprehensive handbook and ready reference, this book covers all modern developments within the field, including biochemical aspects. The chemistry chapters are organized according to the different reactivities of various selenium compounds and reagents, with each chapter dealing with a special reaction type. Also includes a table with 77Se NMR shifts to aid in practical problems. From the Contents: * Electrophilic and Nucleophilic Selenium * Selenium Compounds in Radical Reactions * Selenium-Stabilized Carbanions * Selenium Compounds with Valency Higher than Two * Selenocarbonyls * Selenoxide Elimination and [2,3]-Sigmatropic Rearrangement * Selenium Compounds as Ligands and Catalysts * Biological and Biochemical Aspects of Selenium Compounds
Stable radicals – molecules with odd electrons which are sufficiently long lived to be studied or isolated using conventional techniques – have enjoyed a long history and are of current interest for a broad array of fundamental and applied reasons, for example to study and drive novel chemical reactions, in the development of rechargeable batteries or the study of free radical reactions in the body. In Stable Radicals: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects of Odd-Electron Compounds a team of international experts provide a broad-based overview of stable radicals, from the fundamental aspects of specific classes of stable neutral radicals to their wide range of applications including synthesis, materials science and chemical biology. Topics covered include: triphenylmethyl and related radicals polychlorinated triphenylmethyl radicals: towards multifunctional molecular materials phenalenyls, cyclopentadienyls, and other carbon-centered radicals the nitrogen oxides: persistent radicals and van der Waals complex dimers nitroxide radicals: properties, synthesis and applications the only stable organic sigma radicals: di-tert-alkyliminoxyls. delocalized radicals containing the hydrazyl [R2N-NR] unit metal-coordinated phenoxyl radicals stable radicals containing the thiazyl unit: synthesis, chemical, and materials properties stable radicals of the heavy p-block elements application of stable radicals as mediators in living-radical polymerization nitroxide-catalyzed alcohol oxidations in organic synthesis metal-nitroxide complexes: synthesis and magneto-structural correlations rechargeable batteries using robust but redox-active organic radicals spin labeling: a modern perspective functional in vivo EPR spectroscopy and imaging using nitroxides and trityl radicals biologically relevant chemistry of nitroxides Stable Free Radicals: Fundamentals and Applied Aspects of Odd-Electron Compounds is an essential guide to this fascinating area of chemistry for researchers and students working in organic and physical chemistry and materials science.
State-of-the-science methods, synthetic routes, and strategies to construct aromatic rings The development of new reactions for the synthesis of aromatic compounds is a highly active research area in organic synthesis, providing new functional organic materials, functional reagents, and biologically active compounds. Recently, significant advances in transition-metal-mediated reactions have enabled the efficient and practical construction of new aromatic rings with useful properties and applications. This book draws together and reviews all the latest discoveries and methods in transition-metal-mediated reactions, offering readers promising new routes to design and construct complex aromatic compounds. Integrating metal catalysis with aromatic compound synthesis, Transition-Metal-Mediated Aromatic Ring Construction offers a practical guide to the methods, synthetic routes, and strategies for constructing aromatic compounds. The book's five parts examine: [2+2+2], [2+2+1], and related cycloaddition reactions [4+2], [3+2], and related cycloaddition reactions Electrocyclization reactions Coupling and addition reactions Other important transformations, including methathesis reactions and skeletal rearrangement reactions Edited by Ken Tanaka, an internationally recognized expert in the field of transition-metal catalysis, the book features authors who are leading pioneers and researchers in synthetic reactions. Their contributions reflect a thorough review and analysis of the literature as well as their own firsthand laboratory experience developing new aromatic compounds. All chapters end with a summary and outlook, setting forth new avenues of research and forecasting new discoveries. There are also references at the end of each chapter, guiding readers to important original research reports and reviews. In summary, Transition-Metal-Mediated Aromatic Ring Construction offers synthetic chemists a promising new avenue for the development of important new aromatic compounds with a broad range of applications.
Filling a gap on the market, this handbook and ready reference is unique in its discussion of the usefulness of various heterocyclic systems in the synthesis of natural products. Clearly structured for easy access to the information, each chapter is devoted to a certain class of heterocycle, providing a tabular presentation of the natural products to be covered containing the particular heterocyclic ring system along with their biological profile, occurrence and most important physical properties, backed by the appropriate references. In addition, the application of the heterocyclic system to the synthesis of natural products ic covered in detail. Of great interest to organic, natural products, medicinal and biochemists, as well as those working in the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industry.
Heterocyclic chemistry is a central part of organic chemistry and biochemistry, dealing with a particular set of chemical structures; organic compounds with a ring structure containing at least one heteroatom (commonly nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur). Heterocyclic Chemistry at a Glance, Second Edition provides both an introduction and summary of the main principles and reactions of heterocyclic chemistry, for students studying chemistry and related courses at undergraduate level. This second edition has been much expanded, allowing for a more thorough treatment of key principles and the inclusion of extra examples and illustrations, including heterocycles used in electronics, explosives, polymers, dyestuffs, pigments and that occur in food. All chapters have been revised and updated, including references to books and reviews, and student exercises, with answers on line at http://booksupport.wiley.com. New to this edition is the use of colour in schemes and diagrams highlighting parts of products (or intermediates) where a change in structure or bonding has taken place. Based on the highly successful and student-friendly “at a glance” approach, the material developed in this book has been chosen to help the student grasp the essence of heterocyclic chemistry, ensuring that they can confidently use that knowledge when required. The structure of the book allows for quick assimilation, understanding and recall of key concepts, facts and definitions, providing an invaluable aid to revision for students preparing for examinations. Reviews for the first edition: “This book can be recommended to students looking for a textbook on heterocyclic chemistry. The organization of the material is oriented towards the needs of undergraduate students, but nevertheless the book is comprehensive and will also be of value for more advanced readers." Heterocycles "Joule and Mills have succeeded here in condensing the essence of introductory undergraduate heterocyclic chemistry into a slim volume, presented (as is the way in this series) in an A4 page format and in a very easy-to-grasp style with many structures and reactions. All of the key areas are covered.” Chemistry World
This unique book covers fundamentals of organolithium compounds and gives a comprehensive overview of the latest synthetic advances and developments in the field. Part I covers computational and spectroscopic aspects as well as structure-reactivity relationships of organolithiums, whereas Part II deals with new lithium-based synthetic methodologies as well as novel synthetic applications of functionalized lithium compounds. A useful resource for newcomers and active researchers involved in organic synthesis, whether working in academia or industry!
Asymmetric Synthesis of Natural Products, 2nd Edition introduces students to this rapidly growing field of organic chemistry. The initial chapters present the foundations of asymmetric synthesis, including the theory and applications of individual asymmetric reactions. This is followed by chapters on each of the major individual classes of natural products; their structures, biosynthesis and interrelationships as well as examples of asymmetric syntheses and the practical value of these compounds. Natural product classes covered include carbohydrates, amino acids, peptides, proteins, nucleosides, nucleotides, nucleic acids, polyketides, isoprenoids, shikamic acid derivatives and alkaloids. For this second edition the text has been thoroughly updated and expanded, and includes new discussions and examples covering atom and redox economies, practical aspects and environmental awareness. Organocatalysis has emerged completely in the last ten years, and has been fully integrated into this new edition.
All the latest tools needed to plan and perform the synthesis of complex bioactive molecules Focusing on organic, organometallic, and bio-oriented processes, this book explores the impact and use of the latest synthetic tools for the synthesis of complex biologically active compounds. Readers will discover step by step how these synthetic tools have provided new, elegant solutions to many synthetic puzzles. Moreover, they will discover innovative methods that make it possible to control the exact connectivity of atoms within a molecule in order to set precise three-dimensional arrangements. Modern Tools for the Synthesis of Complex Bioactive Molecules features sixteen chapters, each one written by one or more leading experts in organic synthesis from around the world. It covers a broad range of topics that enable readers to take advantage of the latest methods for synthesizing complex molecules, including: Modern catalysis, emphasizing key transformations such as C-H functionalizations, cross-couplings, gold-catalyzed reactions, metathesis-based syntheses, and asymmetric organocatalysis Eco-compatible transformations, including rearrangements and domino reactions Tools for the synthesis of carbohydrates and alkaloids New techniques, including the use of fluorous tags and engineered biosynthesis The last two chapters explore target- and diversity-oriented organic synthesis as well as the use of DNA-based asymmetric catalysis, which are all promising tools for the successful synthesis of complex bioactive molecules. Modern Tools for the Synthesis of Complex Bioactive Molecules is ideal for students and researchers who need to plan and perform the synthesis of complex molecules as efficiently as possible. The book's expert advice will help these readers quickly resolve a broad range of problems that can arise in organic syntheses.
This is the third of five books in the Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Synthesis series. Closing a gap in the literature, this is the only series to cover this important topic in organic and biochemistry. Drawing upon the combined expertise of the international «who's who» in amino acid research, these volumes represent a real benchmark for amino acid chemistry, providing a comprehensive discussion of the occurrence, uses and applications of amino acids and, by extension, their polymeric forms, peptides and proteins. The practical value of each volume is heightened by the inclusion of experimental procedures. The 5 volumes cover the following topics: Volume 1: Origins and Synthesis of Amino Acids Volume 2: Modified Amino Acids, Organocatalysis and Enzymes Volume 3: Building Blocks, Catalysis and Coupling Chemistry Volume 4: Protection Reactions, Medicinal Chemistry, Combinatorial Synthesis Volume 5: Analysis and Function of Amino Acids and Peptides This third volume in the series presents an in depth account of recent developments in the (bio-)synthesis of amino acids and peptides. Divided into two parts, the first section deals with amino acids as building blocks, including the generation of alpha-amino acids, beta-lactams, and heterocycles. The second section is devoted to the synthesis of peptides, with the focus on solid phase synthesis. However, solution phase peptide synthesis is covered as well, as are topics such as coupling reagents, chemical ligation, peptide purification and automation. Originally planned as a six volume series, Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry now completes with five volumes but remains comprehensive in both scope and coverage. Further information about the 5 Volume Set and purchasing details can be viewed here.