Terrorism, spiraling violence and conflicts have dominated the world media in a more persuasive way that could mere inconceivable before the events of 9/11. Pakistan is the country that has been most affected by the fallout of the September 11, 2001 incident. The international “War on Terror” has caused more suffering, cruel deaths and sanguine destruction to the people of Pakistan than any other country in the world. The menace of terrorism has had a debilitating impact on the body polity and the social fabric. Instability has been on the rise, and more militant groups are targeting the state. Democratic and liberal tendencies have not been able to blossom in the society owing to long spells of military dictatorial rule. Due to an absence of popular support for military regimes and the presence of illegal media, the state writ has remained merely as a veneer in the form of military control.
Intimate Terrorism – The Deterioration of Erotic Life
There is an increasing number of laws in different branches of public international law which are directly or indirectly relevant to confronting terrorism. There is also a proliferating body of 'soft law' addressing terrorism, stemming particularly from UN organs, specialised international bodies and regional organisations. International anti-terrorism measures existed long before 11 September 2001 and have increased markedly since. Legal efforts aimed at curbing terrorism stem from a wide variety of sources, over a substantial period of time, and it is timely to draw the key documents together into a single reference work. Bringing the documents together preserves them for future reference and also enables scholars, practitioners and students to more easily and quickly compare and contrast various documents. The book is comprehensive in coverage (thematically, organisationally, geographically and temporally) and open to a balance of sources (hard and soft), but is nonetheless judicious in its selection and prioritisation of the most significant and representative documents, in a field where there are a great many repetitive and insubstantial documents to sift through. Further, the book looks beyond the traditional bias towards European, British and American sources, to also include a selection of materials from Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Middle East.
If deeply seen, one can seldom find a single human right that would not be affected by terrorist attacks. Not to mention terrorism''s devastating impacts on various sets of human rights, the fact that it destroys ‘freedom from fear'' makes it clear that any terrorist act is inherently irreconcilable with human rights. This justifies counter-terorism measures. However, many a times, such measures are pretexts to violate fundamental rights. The United Nations passed a number of resolutions showing the commitment of the international community to take human rights seriously while countering terrorism. Ethiopia has adopted an anti-terrorism legislation. This book analyzes the impacts of terrorism and counter terrorism on human rights protection; describe the responses of the United Nations and most importantly appraise the human rights implications of the anti-terrorism law of Ethiopia. It gives academicians, journalists,and the public at large an excellent understanding regarding the interplay between terrorism and counter-terrorism vis-a-vis human rights protection and the negative and positive implications of Ethiopia''s anti-terrorism law from a human rights perspective.
Terrorism is today one of the most serious and visible threats to security of mankind and all efforts of the United Nations (UN) to curb the threat has been anything but successful. Since September 11, 2001 terrorists attack on the United States (US), the United Nations adopted strong measures aimed at reducing the activities of terrorists. However, from 2001 till date, several major terrorists attacks in some parts of the world, has been carried out successfully. This book examines the phenomenon of terrorism and the roles of the United Nations and its agencies in the global war on terrorism.
FDI play important role in the development of Pakistan. But during the lost decade certain factors decline FDI in Pakistan. One of the factor is Terrorism. Terrorism in Pakistan made the people homeless, injured and dead, beside these affects terrorism also impact the economic condition of Paksitan. A large number of schools have been damaged. Infrastructure are highly destroyed. Communication become disturbed. So due to these factors the market of Paksitan is not profitable for the investors. in the last decade the investors are trying to search for the safer economy where they make more investment and increased profit. This study highlights the same phenomenon.
The political and religious terrorism can not be understood outside the context of the development process of the terrorists or the potentially terrorist ideologies; beliefs and life-styles; leader-follower relations; century''s old deep-rooted prejudice and hatred; clash of civilizations; oppression and target selection process. I think lack of data and an apparent ambivalence among many social scientists about the academic value of research on terrorism have contributed to the relatively little research work on underlying dynamics of terrorism and its aftermath for the survivors. This is unfortunate because psychology is primarily concerned with behavior and the factors that influence and control behavior; especially the violent behaviors like terrorist attacks. Thus, psychology can and should provide practical as opposed to conceptual knowledge about the dynamics, consequences and prevention of terrorism against any nation and its ideology. This book is written with the goal to promote our understanding of the complex and mysterious phenomenon of terrorism as well as its aftermath for the survivors of suicide bombing.
This book explores the idea of terrorism as represented in three contemporary American novels. Communist, religious, and environmental models of terrorism are given to account for the never-ending struggle between the strong nation-states and the marginalized groups that use terrorism as a way of resistance. Different methodologies that include cultural, civilizational, and psychoanalytical theories are used to describe the nature of terrorism in the selected novels. Don DeLillo's Mao II (1992) is used along with Jurgen Habermas's theory of the public sphere to account for the Maoist terrorism. John Updike's Terrorist (2007) is also applied to account for religious terrorism through Samuel Huntington's The Clash of Civilizations. Gary Hansen's Wet Desert (2007) was finally used to approach the environmental terrorism by applying Manuel Castells' The Power of Identity.
The paper discusses the logic foundation of terrorism: Terrorism is a method of asymmetric violent action and political logic, in essence motivated by the struggling for interests between individuals, organizations and nations. In nature, terrorism is not against certain persons, or a certain government, but public order and social stability. Even the religious terrorism in high-tech, which is viewed as the extreme violent and irrational with strong tendency of mass destruction, definitely demands more or less for a change of the current social order in its political protests and claims. To some extent, terrorism is often the irrational expressions of violence for some rational and lawful political requests by some weaker nation or organization in the international realm of politics. This paper focuses on the introduction of the modern development of the new features of terrorism, these new features foretells a new problem: the combination of high-tech terrorism and what it means? How should we respond? Review of terrorism at home and abroad academics on the main results of this paper on the technical design of terrorism on the main methods of the study.
These unique board books bring the popular Montessori pedagogy to trade book form for the first time. Using materials and methods common to Montessori classrooms, these interactive board books immerse young children in an aesthetically rich learning experience, while providing parents and caregivers with carefully crafted language to encourage understanding. In Montessori classrooms, students learn to write before they learn to read, so the process is driven by their own words and thoughts before those of others. Letters are taught first as sounds (instead of names), and alphabet tiles encourage children to trace each letter with their fingers. This book honors that tradition by emulating the standard classroom material with touchable, traceable letters and beautiful colors that evoke the elegant simplicity of the Montessori aesthetic.
Index V contains the cumulative index to the Terrorism: Commentary on Security Documents series from volume 121 to volume 140, and adds to earlier index volumes to ensure comprehensive searchability within the series. Five different index formats are included in this one comprehensive index volume, featuring indices by subject, title, name, and year.
Taking as a starting point the widely accepted view that states confronted with terrorism must find a proper equilibrium between their respective obligations of preserving fundamental rights and fighting terrorism effectively, this book seeks to demonstrate how the design and enforcement of a human rights instrument may influence the result of that exercise. An attempt is made to answer the question how a legal order’s approach to the limitation of rights may shape decision-making trade-offs between the demands of liberty and the need to guarantee individual and collective security. In doing so, special attention is given to the difference between the adjudicative methods of balancing and categorisation. The book challenges the conventional wisdom that individual rights, in times of crisis, are better served by the application of categorical rather than flexible models of limitation. In addition, the work considers the impact of a variety of other factors, including the discrepancies in enforcing an international convention as opposed to a national constitution and the use of emergency provisions permitting derogations from human rights obligations in time of war or a public emergency. The research questions are addressed through a comparative study of the terrorism-related restrictions on five fundamental rights protected under the European Convention on Human Rights and the United States Constitution: the right to freedom of expression, the right to freedom of association, the right to personal liberty, the right to privacy, and the right to a fair trial. The book offers both a theoretical account of the paradoxical relationship between terrorism and human rights and a comprehensive comparative survey of the major decisions of the highest courts on both sides of the Atlantic.
Taking as a starting point the widely accepted view that states confronted with terrorism must find a proper equilibrium between their respective obligations of preserving fundamental rights and fighting terrorism effectively, this book seeks to demonstrate how the design and enforcement of a human rights instrument may influence the result of that exercise. An attempt is made to answer the question how a legal order's approach to the limitation of rights may shape decision-making trade-offs between the demands of liberty and the need to guarantee individual and collective security. In doing so, special attention is given to the difference between the adjudicative methods of balancing and categorisation. The book challenges the conventional wisdom that individual rights, in times of crisis, are better served by the application of categorical rather than flexible models of limitation. In addition, the work considers the impact of a variety of other factors, including the discrepancies in enforcing an international convention as opposed to a national constitution and the use of emergency provisions permitting derogations from human rights obligations in time of war or a public emergency.
Terrorism must be condemned and terrorists must face justice. The international community through the United Nations,and other Regional organizations come up with certain legal and institutional measures to prevent such a heinous crime. Counter-terrorism measures are also implemented at a country level. It has been the belief of so many Ethiopians that the Ethiopian Anti-Terrorism law was put into effect to prevent terrorism and punish those culprits. The law misses its legislative intentions and it has been consistently used to control and suppress dissent. Opposition politicians,journalists,Human right defenders, even religious leaders have been charged with "terrorism" crimes. They have been unlawfully detained, easily convicted and jailed for more that ten years. Such abuse by the government bullies and quashes the opposition. This book solidly shows violations of human rights by the Ethiopian government and deducts lessons the International community must learn in our global attempt to maintain international peace and security.