This is the first-ever integrated ten-level print and digital English course for primary and secondary schools. Written by the authors of the best-selling Way Ahead and Macmillan English, the course aims to give learners confidence in speaking, listening, reading and writing. Thorough grammar J and skills work is applied in natural contexts in the real world through dialogues and cross-curricular material. Independent learning is promoted through portfolios, projects and the use of the dictionaries. The visually stunning printed resources are complemented by electronic materials for use with an Interactive Whiteboard and videos of all dialogues using native-speaker students in context, together with a complete 1 teacher training package with video masterclasses. Other 1 features include a test builder, animated posters, interactive phonics activities and singalong versions of songs. The adventure continues in Levels 3 and 4 of English World where children encounter more challenging texts and activity types. Level 3 is for children who are starting to use language more fluently.
"English for the Energy Industries: Oil, Gas and Petrochemicals: Teacher's Book" is a foundation English course for employees in the petro-chemical industry. It is aimed at pre- and low intermediate level students who have a basic grasp of English, but who need to use technical and semi-technical vocabulary within specific functional language applicable to the workplace. It provides approximately 140 hours of listening, speaking, reading, writing and language practice activities. There is a review lesson and self-assessment grid at the end of each unit, and a more in-depth revision and consolidation section after every three units. "English for the Energy Industries: Oil, Gas and Petrochemicals: Teacher's Book" focuses on high-frequency lexis and structures used in the work environment, such as the language of safety, instructions, description of equipment, processes and systems. Relevant technical and semi-technical lexical areas are introduced, practised and recycled in every unit using varied and progressively more challenging tasks. Grammatical areas are covered according to usefulness, rather than following a traditional grammar-based syllabus; areas such as the passive form, imperatives, and modals of advice and obligation are therefore given particular emphasis. "English for Oil and Gas" also develops the four language macro-skills in specific ESP contexts. For example, the reading strand uses simulated authentic, or authentic, texts that oil industry technicians will come across in everyday life, such as instruction manuals and safety leaflets. There is a substantial speaking and listening focus, with communicative pairwork tasks to practise and simulate real-life communication, such as describing and giving information about equipment and jobs, giving instructions and warnings and discussing workplace problems. Written tasks aim to motivate students by developing their knowledge of useful language phrases and chunks for different text types such as accident report forms and written notes and instructions.
Teaching of English is as important as the teaching of any other language is, as English has become one of the mostly used International language for last many decades. Considerably English language has as many non native speakers as it has native speakers. Teaching of English language covers tremendous importance for teachers, students and researchers as well. They adopt different means and strategies to teach and learn English language. In this novel and trendy era of learning new and novel methods are adopted to teach English language. Traditional and conventional methods are still prevalent and widely used by teachers at school level. GTM, CLT, Direct Method, Audio Lingual Method, Mimicry, Play Way, Silent Way, Project Method, Suggestopedia etc are common methods as per the use. A survey showed that teachers favor Grammar Translation Method for teaching grammar of English Language. They said that students like A.V Aids and variety of methods, techniques and activities. They are also of the view that success of any method depends upon its effectiveness in producing good results in the form of learning and performance of students.
This Handbook provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of theoretical and descriptive research in contemporary Hispanic sociolinguistics. Offers the first authoritative collection exploring research strands in the emerging and fast-moving field of Spanish sociolinguistics Highlights the contributions that Spanish Sociolinguistics has offered to general linguistic theory Brings together a team of the top researchers in the field to present the very latest perspectives and discussions of key issues Covers a wealth of topics including: variationist approaches, Spanish and its importance in the U.S., language planning, and other topics focused on the social aspects of Spanish Includes several varieties of Spanish, reflecting the rich diversity of dialects spoken in the Americas and Spain
The current study sets out 1) to investigate the strategic needs of participants in reading literary and non-literary texts; and 2) to shed light on the differences of reading literary and non-literary texts. To achieve this aim, thirty participants read three literary and two non-literary texts and wrote down the questions for which they could not find any answer.Next, these questions were categorized in five groups: Scripturally implicit, textually implicit, textually explicit, linguistic and miscomprehension. The findings suggest that the dominant problem of participants lies in textually implicit aspects of the text. Finally, a Kruskal-Wallis test was applied in order to compare the frequency of question types across literary and non-literary texts. The difference of all question types proved to be statistically significant across both literary and non-literary texts.
Many animals have their homes in the mountains. The animals are clever, but it is difficult for them to live there.Ladybird Readers is a graded reading series of traditional tales, popular characters, modern stories, and non-fiction, written for young learners of English as a foreign or second language.Beautifully illustrated and carefully written, the series combines the best of Ladybird content with the structured language progression that will help children develop their reading, writing, speaking, listening and critical thinking skills.The six levels of Readers and Activity Books follow the CEFR framework and include language activities that provide preparation for the Cambridge English: Young Learners (YLE) exams.BBC Earth: Mountains, a Level 2 Reader, is A1 in the CEFR framework and supports YLE Movers exams. Short sentences contain a maximum of two clauses, introducing the past tense and some simple adverbs.
Career Paths: Electronics is a new educational resource for electronics professionals who want to improve their English communication in a work environment. Incorporating career-specific vocabulary and contexts, each unit offers step-by-step instruction that immerses students in the four key language components: reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Career Paths: Electronics addresses topics including setting up a workspace, electrical safety, transistors, circuits, and reading diagrams. The series is organized into three levels of difficulty and offers a minimum of 400 vocabulary terms and phrases. Every unit includes a test of reading comprehension, vocabulary, and listening skills, and leads students through written and oral production. Included Features: A variety of realistic reading passages; Career-specific dialogues; 45 reading and listening comprehension checks; Over 400 vocabulary terms and phrases; Guided speaking and writing exercises; Complete glossary of terms and phrases. The Teacher’s book contains a full answer key and audio scripts. The audio CDs contain all recorded material in American English and British English. Books 1-3 of Career Paths: Electronics are rated for the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages at A1, A2 and B1 respectively.
What impact did the printing press – a new means of communicating the written word – have on early modern English lawyers? This book examines the way in which law printing developed in the period from 1475 up until 1642 and the start of the English Civil War. It offers a new perspective on the purposes and structures of the regulation of the printing press and considers how and why lawyers used the new technology. It examines the way in which lawyers adapted to the use of printed works and the way in which the new technology increased the availability of texts and books for lawyers and the administrative community. It also considers the wider humanist context within which law printing developed. The story is set against the backdrop of revolutionary changes in English society and the move not only to print the law, but also increase its accessibility by making information available in English. The book will be of interest to lawyers and legal historians, print and book historians and the general reader. Winner of The Legal Research Foundation 2015 JF Northey Memorial Book Award.
English for Biotechnology (EBT) is presented in this study as a branch of English for Science and Technology (EST) under the sub-branch of English for Academic Purposes (EAP). English as global language has a great impact on the technical and professional personnels in India. Due to globalization the spread and dominance of the English language is being experienced by all countries. Proficiency in English is considered one of the important skills for employability. The present book presents the study which helps identify and learn the various important linguistic skills in the English language that the biotechnology students need in order to be successful as students and professional biotechnologists in future.
ENGLISH WORLD is an integrated print and digital English course for primary schools. Written by the authors of the best-selling Way Ahead and Macmillan English, the course aims to give learners confidence in speaking, listening, reading and writing. Thorough grammar and skills work is applied in natural contexts in the real 1 world through dialogues and cross-curricular material. Independent learning is promoted through portfolios, projects and the use of the dictionaries. The visually stunning printed resources are complemented by electronic materials for use with an interactive whiteboard and videos of all dialogues using native- speaker students in context, together with a complete teacher training package with video masterclasses. Other features include a testbuilder, animated listening stories, interactive spelling activities and singalong versions of songs. In Levels 5 and 6 of English World, the reading text is the vehicle for the target grammar and structure and there is a greater focus on cross-curricular themes and content. Level 6 is for students who are starting to use language more intuitively and applying critical thinking skills to their work.
This book aims to assess the strategies used in translating Culture Specific Items(CSIs) in two translations of Quran, one translated by J. Arberry in English and the other by Ghomshei in Persian. The theoretical frameworks of this study were based on the categories proposed by Newmark (1988) about the CSIs in literary texts and strategies modeled by Ivir(1987). From the theoretical part, the authors chose the following categories from Newmark classification including ecology, material culture & social culture, organization, customs, activities, procedures and also concepts, gestures and habits. They decided that Vladimir Ivir (1987) seven strategies for translating culture-specific items including: Definition, Literal translation, Substitution, Lexical creation, Omission, Addition, and Borrowing, were appropriate to be used as the theoretical framework of this study. The analysis of the data showed that substitution, literal translation, borrowing and addition have been adopted by the selected translators in this study. the most appropriate procedure for translating CSIs in the Holy Quran into English was the substitution strategy and into Persian was addition strategy.
THE ENGLISH LADDER is a four-level course designed to help pupils take their first steps in English. Join Freddie the frog for fun, adventure and lively language learning through engaging stories, challenging songs, games, tongue twisters, and communication activities. Part of a four-level course, this Level 2 Teacher's Book features lesson-by-lesson teaching notes, notes for activities in the Pupil's Book and Activity Book, tests for the end of each unit and each level, and clear guidance on language presentation.
There are animals on the farm. Our food comes from farms, too. You can go tosome farms and see their animals and machines.Ladybird Readers is a graded reading series of traditional tales, popularcharacters, modern stories, and non-fiction, written for young learners of Englishas a foreign or second language. Recommended for children aged 5+, the fourlevels of Readers and Activity Books follow the CEFR framework (Pre-A1 to A2)and include language activities that help develop key skills and providepreparation for the Cambridge English: Young Learners (YLE) Starters, Moversand Flyers exams.This Level 1 Activity Book is Pre-A1 in the CEFR framework and supports YLE Starters exams. The activities encourage children to practice short sentences containing a maximum of two clauses, using the present tense and some simple adjectives.
The English Ladder is a four-level course designed to help pupils take their first steps in English. Join the Fantastic family for fun, adventure and lively language learning through engaging stories, challenging songs, games, tongue twisters, and communication activities. Part of a four-level course, this Level 4 Teacher's Book features lesson-by-lesson teaching notes, notes for activities in the Pupil's Book and Activity Book, tests for the end of each unit and each level and clear guidance on language presentation.
The English Ladder is a four-level course designed to help pupils take their first steps in English. Join the Fantastic family for fun, adventure and lively language learning through engaging stories, challenging songs, games, tongue twisters, and communication activities. Part of a four-level course, this Level 3 Teacher's Book features lesson-by-lesson teaching notes, notes for activities in the Pupil's Book and Activity Book, tests for the end of each unit and each level and clear guidance on language presentation.