Metadiscourse markers are universal aspects of our everyday language and major features of the way we communicate in a range of genres and settings which help writers make coherent and reader-friendly texts. Despite the importance of metadiscourse in composition, reading, rhetoric and text structure and being investigated from different angles recently, it is still unknown to many writers of scientific and academic texts, teachers of English as a second language, translators, editors and those who are involved in the field of linguistics. This book compares and contrasts interactive and interactional metadiscourse markers in English medical texts and their Persian translation based on Hyland’s (2005) model. A corpus of 140 paragraphs of English medical articles and their translation into Persian, published in Sina Journal, were selected and the frequency and types of metadiscourse markers were analyzed in each text using the paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The results showed that there is a statistically significant difference in the amount and types of metadiscourse markers in English medical texts and their Persian translation.
This book is attempted to investigate teachers’ and students’ views towards literary texts and its uses in English language contexts. Literary texts offer potential benefits in EFL instruction in many ways. Linguistically, it has the potential of serving as the central focus of a unit of study in the classroom where ample activities involving the application of the basic language skills and language areas are very popular within the field of foreign language learning and teaching practices. It also explains different approaches used by teachers to teach literary texts in English language classrooms.
Everyday Business English is for students with an intermediate level of English and can be used in the classroom or for self-study. The book develops spoken language skills by presenting and practising vocabulary and expressions that are useful in everyday working life.
Reflecting the work-life balance of busy adults, it enables learners to develop the English they really need for the social and business communication demands of their daily lives. The course is for and about professionals in a wide range of working environments, including traditional business contexts and the public and voluntary sectors. It is particularly suitable for those who have studied English in the past but want to refresh, consolidate and practise their existing English as well as learn new language. Each of the 30 Student's Book units provides at least 90 minutes' classroom teaching material. Whiteboard Software designed for use alongside the Level 1 Student's Book offers teachers a dynamic, flexible way to present and use the Student's Book material in class, including audio and hundreds of pictures and texts.
One day, an old woman gives a little girl a magic porridge pot. The little pot cooks some porridge. Now, there is too much porridge! Ladybird Readers is a graded reading series of traditional tales, popular characters, modern stories, and non-fiction, written for young learners of Englishas a foreign or second language. Recommended for children aged 5+, the four levels of Readers and Activity Books follow the CEFR framework (Pre-A1 to A2) and include language activities that help develop key skills and provide preparation for the Cambridge English: Young Learners (YLE) Starters, Movers and Flyers exams. This Level 1 Activity Book is Pre-A1 in the CEFR framework and supports YLE Starters exams. The activities encourage children to practice short sentences containing a maximum of two clauses, using the present tense and some simple adjectives.
Since the demise of the Franco dictatorship in 1977 Spain has emerged as one of the worlds most successful new democracies. But what accounts for the remarkable process of democratization in Spain, a country infamous for its long history of civil wars, military coups and ethnic conflicts? In this book, Omar Encarnacion shows how a post-transition settlement, anchored on intra-party consensus and collaboration, made possible Spain's smooth transition from authoritarian to democratic rule, a string of stable governments from the Center, Left and Right, a modern and competitive economy, and a new national multi-cultural identity. Each chapter in the book is devoted to a different aspect of the post-transition settlement, from its origins in the political traumas of Spanish history, to its implications for the evolution of the party system, the state, civil society and the economy, and finally, the consequences of its deterioration under the socialist administration of Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero. Controversial policies such as same-sex marriages, negotiations with the Basque terrorist organization ETA, expanded powers to regional governments, and accountability for human rights abuses committed during the Spanish Civil War and the Franco regime, explain the widespread claim that Zapatero has shattered the political status quo of the post-Franco era. This book will be essential reading for students and scholars of contemporary Spanish politics and comparative democratization.
In the first story Tom wants fish and chips for lunch, but he can't have them. In the second story Tom and Holly find a thin cat who needs fish for lunch. The Macmillan Explorers Phonics bring first language teaching methods to reading lessons in international classrooms. They focus on how reading works, so children are able to read new texts and pronounce new words more easily. The Macmillan Explorers Phonics complement the Macmillan English Explorers and can also be used alongside any other reading programme.
The best-loved story of Tom Sawyer and his friends Huck Finn and Joe Harper as they grow up along the banks of the Mississippi.river. They run away to be pirates and come back in time for their own funerals, they witness a murder and they find treasure. Join them for fun and adventure and some difficult lessons in growing up. Helbling Readers is great new series of beautifully illustrated graded stories specially devised for teenagers. The series is published in two categories, Helbling Readers Red Series and Helbling Readers Blue Series, each one addressing different age groups, language levels and interests. Helbling Readers Red Series is aimed at young teenagers. It includes a selection of adapted classics and original fiction to get your students reading for pleasure right from beginner level. Helbling Readers Blue Series is designed for teenagers and young adults. Readers chose from sensitively adapted teen-relevant classics and a gripping selection of original fiction. Helbling Readers have a wide variety of Before and After Reading activities to help and develop understanding, as well as background information, fact files and lots of pointers for project and culture work. The stories are carefully graded in five levels according to internationally recognised standards and include preparation for the Cambridge ESOL and Trinity exams.
Key features - Now in new bendyback binding - a hard-wearing cover that protects the book from daily wear and tear - Up-to-date coverage of over 40,000 words and phrases and 60,000 translations - Quick and easy to use Spanish-English and English-Spanish dictionary - Includes 34 page phrasefinder, ideal for travel - In print and online - 3 months' access* to Oxford Language Dictionaries Online included About this book An easy-to-use two-way Spanish bilingual dictionary containing 40,000 up-to-date words and phrases, and 60,000 translations. Readership For anyone needing an affordable and easily portable dictionary. Ideal for quick reference for home, work, or study. BIC Subject - Bilingual & multilingual dictionaries
Macmillan English Explorers have been written specifically for young learners of English. They bring first language teaching methods to reading lessons in international classrooms. The accompanying Workbooks for Explorers Level 4 can be used in the classroom or by children working independently. The activities develop reading comprehension skills and literary appreciation, practise vocabulary recognition, support spelling and provide opportunities for writing.
A beautiful lady comes to Cinderella's house. She makes Cinderella a dress. Now, Cinderella can go to the ball! Ladybird Readers is a graded reading series of traditional tales, popular characters, modern stories, and non-fiction, written for young learners of Englishas a foreign or second language. Recommended for children aged 5+, the four levels of Readers and Activity Books follow the CEFR framework (Pre-A1 to A2) and include language activities that help develop key skills and providepreparation for the Cambridge English: Young Learners (YLE) Starters, Movers and Flyers exams. This Level 1 Activity Book is Pre-A1 in the CEFR framework and supports YLE Starters exams. The activities encourage children to practice short sentences containing a maximum of two clauses, using the present tense and some simple adjectives.
The present study was designed to (a) test the ease level of the text of news reports carried by Pakistani English press and (b) to investigate the degree to which the English language skill contribute to better readability scores by second language learners and (c) to investigate the comparative readability level of foreign and local news reports based on same issue. Twelve news reports from the front page of six daily English newspapers of Pakistan were selected. Cloze procedure was applied to every news report and was distributed among the 360 students of the two teaching Departments of the University of Peshawar namely, English Department and the Department of Journalism & Mass Communication. Cloze scores were interpreted through a readability scale which showed that the readability of the text used by Pakistani English press is below the ease level of reading. The test scores also showed that the language background has a bit contribution on better readability scores. The test scores also provided that the foreign press uses a very difficult language in its text while local (Pakistani) press is comparatively using easy text but is still beyond the ease level of reading
The blue and yellow team get three goals! Jon's team do not get any goals. Ben Wills helps Jon. Now, Jon's team get lots of goals! Ladybird Readers is a graded reading series of traditional tales, popular characters, modern stories, and non-fiction, written for young learners of Englishas a foreign or second language. Recommended for children aged 5+, the four levels of Readers and Activity Books follow the CEFR framework (Pre-A1 to A2) and include language activities that help develop key skills and provide preparation for the Cambridge English: Young Learners (YLE) Starters, Moversand Flyers exams. This Level 1 Reader is Pre-A1 in the CEFR framework and supports YLEStarters exams. Short sentences contain a maximum of two clauses, using the present tense and some simple adjectives.
This is a 6 level series of readers for children learning English, bringing together a variety of enjoyable fiction and non-fiction titles. The series provides reinforcement of the basic structures and vocabulary contained in most major primary courses.
Level 1 is designed for students with a basic knowledge of general English who now require an elementary (CEF level A1-A2) English course in this specific field. It includes: topics that reflect the latest developments in IT making them relevant to students needs clearly defined language and function objectives which are backed up by comprehensive on-the-page language boxes essential online support for teachers including teacher's notes, fully editable tests and multi-lingual glossaries student CD-ROM with interactive glossaries in both British and American English and full course book audio in MP3 format.