Approaches to avoid loss of life and limit disruption and damage from flooding have changed significantly in recent years. Worldwide, there has been a move from a strategy of flood defence to one of flood risk management. Flood risk management includes flood prevention using hard defences, where appropriate, but also requires that society learns to live with floods and that stakeholders living in flood prone areas develop coping strategies to increase their resilience to flood impacts when these occur. This change in approach represents a paradigm shift which stems from the realisation that continuing to strengthen and extend conventional flood defences is unsustainable economically, environmentally, and in terms of social equity. Flood risk management recognises that a sustainable approach must rest on integrated measures that reduce not only the probability of flooding, but also the consequences. This is essential as increases in the probability of inundation are inevitable in many areas of the world due to climate change, while socio-economic development will lead to spiralling increases in the consequences of flooding unless land use in floodplains is carefully planned. Flood Risk Science and Management provides an extensive and comprehensive synthesis of current research in flood management; providing a multi-disciplinary reference text covering a wide range of flood management topics. Its targeted readership is the international research community (from research students through to senior staff) and flood management professionals, such as engineers, planners, government officials and those with flood management responsibility in the public sector. By using the concept of case study chapters, international coverage is given to the topic, ensuring a world-wide relevance.
The Importance of Religion reveals the significance of religion in modern times, showing how it provides people with meaning to their lives and helps guide them in their everyday moral choices Provides readers with a new understanding of religion, demonstrating how in its actions, texts and world views religion is enduring and vividly engages with the mystery of the world Offers striking arguments about the relationship of religion to science, art and politics Engagingly written by a highly respected scholar of religion with an international reputation
The failure of modern science, dogmatic churches and established political parties to provide satisfactory answers to people, has made the market boom with psycho-cults. In the endless flood of sentimental cosmologies, mind machines, gracious gurus and false prophets, the so-called Church of Scientology - a thriving cult of greed and power - is a shark in the mill-pond. Due to his extensive knowledge of Hubbard's work and writings, and great clarity of presentation, the author - a Church of Scientology drop-out, writing under the pseudonym of L. Kin - succeeds in unmasking the internal affairs as well as the strategic intentions of the sect. Reading the first part provides the kind of thrill one would get from a secret service dossier. In the second part, the reader finds out what it is that drives the paying public into the many arms of this international psycho-monster. False assertions and untenable promises are exposed. Written in an easy style, the book takes the gloss off hyped-up secrecies but leaves the things standing as true that prove to be useful and workable. Scientology is one of the great irritating words of our time. The conflict between the saturatedness of industrialized nations and a globally threatening apokalypse results in man's growing desire for inner certainty and harmony, for new bearings in a mental disorientedness. This need is being catered for worldwide by the cunning management of the Church of Scientology with a flood of publications, to establish their pretentious claim to truth and supremacy. Is this all a fantasy? Will it blow over soon? Or is there perhaps a core of universal truth and practical applicability to this forty years old movement? This book reports the historical development of scientology from an independent viewpoint, strips fascist ideologies and artificially created myths away from it, and portrays its philosophy which deals with the fundamentals of man's existence.
Britain's favourite writer of narrative non-fiction Bill Bryson travels back in time to a forgotten summer when America came of age, took centre stage, and, in five eventful months, changed the world for ever. In the summer of 1927, America had a booming stock market, a president who worked just four hours a day (and slept much of the rest of the time), a semi-crazed sculptor with a mad plan to carve four giant heads into an inaccessible mountain called Rushmore, a devastating flood of the Mississippi, a sensational murder trial, and a youthful aviator named Charles Lindbergh who started the summer wholly unknown and finished it as the most famous man on earth. (So famous that Minnesota considered renaming itself after him.) It was the summer that saw the birth of talking pictures, the invention of television, the peak of Al Capone's reign of terror, the horrifying bombing of a school in Michigan by a madman, the ill-conceived decision that led to the Great Depression, the thrillingly improbable return to greatness of a wheezing, over-the-hill baseball player named Babe Ruth, and an almost impossible amount more. In this hugely entertaining book, Bill Bryson spins a story of brawling adventure, reckless optimism and delirious energy, with a cast of unforgettable and eccentric characters, with trademark brio, wit and authority.
This is a science education book that discloses the age and the origins of the human civilization. It reveals the most mysterious and the most unknowable – aliens, visiting the ancient Earth, and their amazing genetic experiments, which they carried out here. Based on multiple evidences, the author describes the significant difference between Celestials and ordinary Earth humans in every detail, and possible reasons to have the humans destroyed with the Flood are also listed.
Among the most famous works by the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837) are his narrative poems. The book we offer to attention of our readers contains three of them - The Bronze Horseman, Ruslan and Ludmila, and The Bakchesarian Fountain. The Bronze Horseman: A Petersburg Tale was written in 1833, while the action takes place during the great flood of 1824. The Bronze Horseman is considered to be Pushkin's best-known narrative poem and is one of the reasons why he is called the "founder of modern Russian literature." Its impact on Russian literature and culture altogether was so great that the equestrian statue of Peter the Great, which plays a dramatic role in the plot of the poem, became since then known as the Bronze Horseman. Ruslan and Ludmila (published in 1820) is an epic fairy tale inspired by bylinas - the ancient Russian epic poems. It tells the story of Ludmila, the daughter of Prince Vladimir of Kiev, who had been abducted by an evil wizard and of the brave knight Ruslan who tried to find and rescue her. Pushkin wrote The Bakchesarian Fountain: A Tale of the Tauride (published in 1824) after having visited the Fountain of Tears at the Khan Palace in Bakhchisaray in 1820. There he heard the legend of the 18th century telling that the famous fountain was placed by Khan Giray in honour of the Polish Princess whom he loved and whom Khan's concubine was jealous of.
The main goal of this text is to introduce the systems approach to disasters management community as an alternative approach that can provide support for interdisciplinary activities involved in the management of disasters. The systems approach draws on the fields of operations research and economics to create skills in solving complex management problems. The text is organized into four parts. Part I provides an introductory discussion of disaster management including an overview of the main terms used. Part II is devoted to the introduction of systems theory, mathematical formalization and classification of methods. The material presented in this section should be of practical relevance during the process of selecting an appropriate tool for the solution of a problem. Part III is technical in nature, providing a simulation approach and a detailed description of system dynamics simulation. This section details two areas of application: flood evacuation simulation, and disaster risk assessment. Part IV ends with a chapter covering steps to improve disaster management. Finally parts of the book can be used as a tool for specialized short courses for practitioners. For example a course on 'System analysis for emergency management optimization' could be based on Chapters 3, 4 and parts of Chapter 6. Included in the book is a CD with three computer programs Vensim PLE, LINPRO, and COMPRO. Vensim PLE (Personal Learning Edition) is state-of-the-art simulation software used for the implementation of system dynamics simulation. The other two programs are: LINPRO, a linear programming optimization tool; and COMPRO, for the implementation of the multi-objective analysis tool of compromise programming.