The morality of abortion and euthanasia:An analytical study in Applied ethics deals with some major moral theory in order to justify some moral controversial issues. Generally we are facing some moral dilemmas in our practical life. Moral principles rules and also moral reasoning are essential to analyze practical problems. The chapters of this book analytically throws light on the moral theories and moral principles. This book will be very helpful to understand not only the theoretical but also the practical aspects of the problem of abortion and euthanasia. The issue of euthanasia and abortion has been reconsidered as there are ethical and moral questions that need to be taken into consideration.This book is written in simple method with analytical approach. The purpose of this book is to apply basic moral principles and rules for reserving the moral controversial issues and debates.
Many advocates of euthanasia consider the criminal law to be an inappropriate medium to adjudicate the profound ethical and humanitarian dilemmas associated with end of life decisions. 'Euthanasia,Death with Dignity and the Law' examines the legal response to euthanasia and end of life decisions and considers whether legal reform is an appropriate response to calls for euthanasia to be more readily available as a mechanism for providing death with dignity. Through an analysis of consent to treatment, living wills and autonomous medical decision making, euthanasia is carefully located within its legal, medical, and social contexts. This book focuses on the impact of euthanasia on the dignity of both the recipient and the practitioner while emphasising the legal, professional, and ethical implications of euthanasia and its significance for the exercise of clinical discretion. It will provide a valuable addition to the euthanasia debate.
This book categorized and analyzed all the collected data to present a clear picture of the issue of euthanasia from a Buddhist perspectives. The case of Buddhadasa Bhikkhu's death and his interpretations of the application of Buddhist teachings are one possible way to resolve the issue of euthanasia and help medical practitioners to prepare a system of proper hospice care that will assist patients in attaining inner tranquility, allowing them to die in peace naturally.
This book explores the notion of euthanasia as a highly contested concept in the field of Medical Ethics. In order to unpack some of the controversies around euthanasia, the following pertinent questions are raised: 1. How is euthanasia defined and understood in Western and African contexts? 2. What are the ethical implications of euthanasia for those that practise it? 3. Is euthanasia a foreign concept among the Shona people in general and the Ndau people of Chipinge, South-East Zimbabwe in particular? In the course of coming to grips with these questions, the book explores the nature of euthanasia, its benefits and disadvantages and how various societies view it. The book refers to both Occidental and African secondary sources in Social Ethics such as James Rachels, Bonnie Steinbock, William H. Shaw, Peter Kasenene and Munyaradzi Mawere. It develops Munyaradzi Mawere’s (2009) thesis in which he regards euthanasia as morally repugnant and alien among the Shona people of Zimbabwe. In the main, this book endeavours to argue that euthanasia is not a new concept among the Shona, particularly within the Ndau people’s communities in Chipinge, South-East Zimbabwe.
One issue that has generated so much debate as to its compatibility with the right to life is euthanasia. Euthanasia has a robust database of record in history. It is the ‘intentional’ shortening of a patient’s life by an act or omission as part of his medical care. Whether this practice is legal or justifiable still remains an object of controversy in different countries of the world. The issue however is different in the Netherlands where euthanasia has been legally supported provided that it is carried out within the ambit of a local law enacted for that purpose. Much has been written on euthanasia and its compatibility with the right to life and the debate it has generated is inexhaustible. The practice of euthanasia in the Netherlands may be arguably reasonable in deserving cases. However, its aim is to ‘terminate’ and not to ‘protect’ life. This work therefore concludes that the legalization of euthanasia in the Netherlands when considered on technical grounds, and casting away all sentiments, is nothing but a violation of the sacred provisions of the right to life as contained in the ECHR and ICCPR to which the Netherlands is a party.
This book is a successor to J Griffiths, A Bood and H Weyers, Euthanasia and Law in the Netherlands (Amsterdam University Press 1998) which was widely praised for its thoroughness, clarity, and accuracy. The new book emphasises recent legal developments and new research, and has been expanded to include a full treatment of Belgium, where since 2002 euthanasia has also become legal. The book also includes descriptions written by local specialists of the legal situation and what is known about actual practice in a number of other European countries (England and Wales, France, Italy, Scandinavia, Spain, Switzerland). The book strives for as complete and dispassionate a description of the situation as possible. It covers in detail: - the substantive law applicable to euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide, withholding and withdrawing treatment, use of pain relief in potentially lethal doses, palliative and terminal sedation, and termination of life without a request (in particular in the case of newborn babies); -the process of legal development that has led to the current state of the law; -the system of legal control and its operation in practice; -the results of empirical research concerning actual medical practice. A concluding part deals with some general questions that arise out of the material presented: Is the legalisation of euthanasia an example of the decline of law or should it, on the contrary, be seen as part and parcel of the increasing juridification of the doctor-patient relationship? Does the Dutch experience with legalised euthanasia support the idea of a 'slippery slope' toward a situation in which life-especially of the more vulnerable members of society-is less effectively protected? Is it possible to explain and to predict when a society will decide to legalise euthanasia?
Life has always been understood as the intrinsic principle for all human values, and therefore, it is unethical to intentionally terminate an innocent human life. However, the current biomedical technology that involves delicate organ transplant like the heart, has raised a new problem of seeking for donors. This makes patients with poor quality of life to be considered as eligible candidates of euthanasia who could possibly be donors of such organs. This book unveils the meaning of euthanasia, its range and traces its historical development. It then uses the dialectic method to present a critical discourse on euthanasia basing on two of the world’s major ethicists: Peter Singer and Luke Gormally. It is an encounter of valid and strong counterarguments between quality of life and sanctity of life ethics. Legal and religious arguments are also discussed from both sides. The book also discusses euthanasia, quality of life and sanctity of life in relation to African ethics. Eventually, a plausible synthesis of this debate is reached and a way forward as regards euthanasia is suggested. This is important to all people affected with end of life ethics.
We are different laws regarding abortion. Worldwide religious sensibilities, moral and cultural Tlashand influenced their abortion laws. Right to life, liberty and the right to a healthy reproductive rights are more important sometimes as the justification for the presence or absence of abortion laws are used.In jurisdictions where abortion is legal, abortion prior obligations must be editor. These requirements are usually dependent on gestational age, in relation to a period of three months of pregnancy will be reviewed. In case of emergency, many restrictions are lifted..
The legal issues surrounding abortion in Nigeria and the United States of America are multi dimensional. This work showcase the fact that, despite the fact that, issues relating to abortion in both countries cannot be divorced from the perspective of human rights as well as human rights laws as they affect both the pregnant woman and the fetus (Unborn Child), one point still stands out clearly; "there are areas where the laws of both countries agree, and there are areas as well, where the laws of both countries disagree". The comparative analysis exhibited in this work will go a long way in educating students and researchers on the abortion issue as it relates to Nigeria and the United States of America.
The prevalence of induced abortions through space and time cannot be overemphasized. However, the need for it and the circumstances under which it is acceptable presents a moot point. Although progress has been made in some areas of reproductive health, unsafe abortions continue to be a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in many developing countries including Ghana. This book delves into the implications of Ghana''s abortion law for unsafe abortions. More specifically, the book assesses the extent of knowledge of the incidence of induced abortion, the level of awareness and understanding of the abortion law, attitudes towards abortion based on the law, the influence of the law on the practice and finally, an assessment of the country''s abortion law from participants'' point of view.
Morality and the Construction of Social Orders in African Modernity is about how the paradox of morality is lived out in African modernity. Modernity in the African context demands a certain form of morality and yet systematically undermines it at the same time. The book is about how the modern African values and moral visions of liberation, enlightenment, development and freedom are systematically undermined in the processes, institutions and social orders invented to fullfill them. The book explains why Africans, especially their leaders struggle to take seriously the development agenda.
Abortion is the most common complication of human gestation, occurring in at least 75% of all women trying to become pregnant, and most of these losses are unrecognized and occur before or during the next expected menses. There are two types of abortion, the induced and spontaneous abortion (miscarriage). There are seven types of spontaneous abortion are present. Recurrent abortion (medically termed habitual abortion) is defines as three or more successive spontaneous abortions. Miscarriages can occur for many reasons, not all of which can be identified. About 50% of cases have no cause and are classified as idiopathic. This book provides information regarding incidence of viral and parasitic diseases, whether the patients had diabetes mellitus, as well as the immunological changes that associated with single and recurrent abortion as the main causes associated with abortion in Iraqi women.
What is the legal status of abortion and the human fetus? In an extended analysis of mainstream arguments involving abortion and the status of 'personhood' that is often applied to the fetus, this book provides novel answers to some of the core 'pro-life' arguments in favour of recognizing fetal personhood and moral rights.
President Bill Clinton, the 42 of US president, said, “I have always believed that the decision to have an abortion generally should be between a woman, her doctor, her conscience, and her God”. Everyone knows that abortion is one of the global controversial issues which left the international society divided into different groups: one in favor of abortion and the other against it. One group calls for the attention of the people to do away with all the restrictions on the practice, while the other wing calls for more strict measures for outlawing this practice. Abortion also touches different important issues like human right, person hood, state power over personal decisions, theological issues, sanctity of human life, etc. These are some of the points that made the debate never come to an end. In spite of seriously identifying and discussing the various components related to abortion, the book will not favor either side of the debate but it will highlight some genuine points concerning abortion and its complications.
In the past few years there have been staggering discoveries as to the complications of abortion. Too often abortion is thought of as a way to "get rid of the problem", and the evidence is showing that for many women this "procedure" brings only further problems. Perhaps the most frightening consequence is the reality of Post Abortion syndrome, due to the fact that this dis-order lurks in the subconscious of the women who had the abortions, and seems to wait for a moment of emotional weakness to overwhelm them with feelings of guilt and loss. The great effects that abortion has is leaving its mark in society with great depth. There has been a severe increase in birth complications, as well as emotional and family problems, because whether we like it or not abortion affects us all. The purpose of this paper was to shed light on the mysteries surrounding the dangers of abortion, and help others to truly make an informed decision.