The book “Therapeutic Practices in Yoruba Traditional Religion” is a book that is invaluable for every inquisitive student of traditional religions. This book deals with various method of healing in Yoruba religions but focuses more on herbal utilization. Today, herbal Medicine continues to flourish in both rural and urban centers due to the following reasons; high cost of western drugs, exorbitant medical bills and non-availability of good hospitals in some areas. The World Health Organization has given recognition to herbal medicine as an alternative medicine that can assist the orthodox medicine in its health care delivery. In a recent report from the WHO it is stated that 80% of the population in Africa and some 2/3 countries depends on traditional medicine for primary health care. Today, herbal medicine is becoming more lucrative and attractive form of traditional medicine, Christians and non-Christians alike engaged in it. Majority of people patronize the traditional and or alternative medical practitioner for therapeutic purposes. The traditional doctors today use the electronic media, newspapers and magazines to advertise their product.
Appropriately Subversive – Modern Mothers in Traditional Religions
The book contains the findings of over one year research on the intersection of African indigenous religion and Jurisprudence. The research was conducted among the Yoruba people of Southwest and the Igbo of Southeast of Nigeria. Particular emphasis was laid on Ogun, Sango and Ayelala shrines among the Yoruba and Okija shrines among the Igbo. Using Afrocentric epistemology, and phenomenology of religion, the study forcefully argues that the administration of the universe should not be left to man alone. This reasons out why African jurisprudence fuses religion and reason. Since religion permeates every facet of the lives of indigenous African peoples, it is essential that, in order to cultivate a jurisprudence that is indigenous to Africa, African indigenous religion is indispensable. Oath taking that will really be potent should therefore put into consideration the place of African deities.
Punishment constitutes a means of maintaining social order. But the traditional justification of punishment,utilitarian and retributive, is challenged by proportional gravitation and the aversion to punishing the innocent, among others. Thus this book addresses these problems, through the aid of hermeneutic interpretive theories of Gadamer and Habermas, within the Yoruba culture. The integrative notion of punishment in traditional Yoruba culture provides for a coherent interconnection among social structure, law and belief system; it reconciles the victim, offender and the society at large; it constructively addresses the dispensation of justice in the quickest manner possible rather than the delay, cost,complexity and absence of truth- telling experienced in the formal adjudicatory procedure, which remains cold in nature. This is a book of applied philosophy and inter-disciplinary study meant to restore social order through its incorporation into the adjudication in contemporary penal practice.
‘Traditional Banjara Herbal Medicine of Vidarbha, M.S., India’ is a unique documentation, in the sense that it provides not only the names of herbs and diseases treated, but also, the therapeutic details of every medicine. Information about 158 herbal medicines used in human health care and 31 herbs used in veterinary practices are documented here. Banjara are nomadic tribe that has made an impact on ancient cultures of the world. According to Motiraj Rathod, even today tribes like Banjara are found in some 60 countries. There is almost 90% similarity in these tribes as regards their language, customs, lifestyle and food habits.
Pregnancy is a normal process that results in a series of both physiological and psychological changes in women. The most observable result of physiological changes is minor discomforts. Although minor discomforts are not serious, their presence detracts from the mother feeling of comfort and well-being. In many instances, they can be avoided by preventive measures or healthful practices once they do occur.
Ukuthwala has been criticized and its practice misunderstood. it is therefore, pivotal to make mention that we should first understand its genuine intent. By detailing the background on Ukuthwala, listing the forms of Ukuthwala, briefly explain cultures of other Ethnic groupings in relation to Ukuthwala and the distinction between Ukuthwala and other royal practices, the Author seeks to reconcile Human Rights and this phenomenon called Ukuthwala guided by participants' responses to questions and also by looking at the Constitutional and other legislative principles and provisions with the whole intention to regulate and legitimize the practice.
Ethics, which is a major branch of philosophy, encompasses right conduct and good life. It is significantly broader than the common conception of analyzing right and wrong. A central aspect of ethics is "the good life", the life worth living or life that is simply satisfying, which is held by many philosophers to be more important than traditional moral conduct. Many reasons can be offered for the employment of ethics and values in life. Ethical life with values is more likely to produce a constructive outcome. Ethics is consistent with the teachings of the major religions. Ethics can also be the basis for a way of life. It is consistent with a belief in the underlying unity of human mankind. In this book an effort is made to present how far ethics and values would be accepted as a way of life with reference to different religious practices, applied in different religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity and Islam in India and an attempt is also made to bring out some distinct views of Contemporary Indian Thinkers like Gandhi, Vivekananda and Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishan on ethical values.
The investigation in this book focused on the impact of harmful traditional practices (HTPs) on girls education in governmental and private secondary schools in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. It enables readers to understand the occurrence and impact of some of the major Harmful Traditional Practices with special reference to female genital mutilation, early marriage and abduction in the study area. The findings of the study showed that Female genital mutilation, early marriage and abduction indicated as the top priority list of HTPs practiced in the community. These HTPs negatively affected school girls education in various interrelated aspects.
African Traditional Religion refers to the beliefs, thoughts, and practice of the African peoples which resulted from their perception, reflection, encounter, and experiences of their environment or the universe in which they live. According to Chidi Denis Isiuzo; Traditional Religions (TR) are both geographically and culturally bound. Although certain common elements can be established between the practices of different T Traditional Religious followers, it is difficult to group them as one. This explains why no specific name is used. The name is determined by the geographical location. The followers are found mainly in Africa, Asia, Australia, and, in an “inculturated form”, in the Americas. It is important to note that while there are similarities between the tribal practices of ATR, there are also differences. There are orthodox, conservative, and Reform in religious belief and practices among African traditional religion adherents. ATR is as old as the first progenitors or ancestors that ever lived in the African continent. It other words, it is a religion which has been in existence from time immemorial; it has no designated date of origin.
Traditional healers are a major health manpower resource for Africa and are often the only source of health services for large population groups throughout the continent. The study explores whether human rights law can provide the means of enhancing access to traditional healing practices and ensuring their development. In Malawi where approximately one-third of the population lacks access to essential medicines, the provision of safe and effective traditional medicine could become a critical tool in increasing the access to health care, particularly in light of the HIV and AIDS pandemic. Traditional healing practices also represent a significant aspect of Malawi’s cultural tapestry and are deserving of additional protection as such. South Africa has regulated traditional healing practices through legislation and the author considers what, if any, lessons can be drawn from this approach to protecting a valuable health and cultural resource.
Traditional knowledge has remained to be suitable research ground for a number of researchers both in and out of Ethiopia. In the case of Ethiopia, several have conducted their researches with a focus on the traditional production practices of different groups of societies. Despite this fact, no one has been in a position to study the traditional production practice of the peasants of Tigray side by side with the challenges they encounter and the local responses they happened to develop through time. In this paper, the traditional mechanisms of production in agriculture and craft technology are discussed together with the time tested local mechanisms of coping with challenges that are faced amid of production. The paper is organized in such a way that it will be helpful for both Economic and Development Anthropologists as well as for any reader in the field of social sciences.
This book having title “Traditional System of Herbal Medicines” written with an intention to benefit the UG and PG students. The book aims towards providing the basic and fundamental information to the researchers and scientists worldwide on the vast herbal & natural medicinal treasure available to us derived from plants, herbs and fruits obtained from traditional agricultural practices. Herbal medicine is still the mainstay of about 75–80% of the world population, mainly in the developing countries, for primary health care because of better cultural acceptability, better compatibility with the human body and lesser side effects. However, the last few years have seen a major increase in their use in the developed world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently defined traditional medicine (including herbal drugs) as comprising therapeutic practices that have been in existence, often for hundreds of years, before the development and spread of modern medicine and are still in use today. The generally acknowledged importance of study of Herbal Medicines as a branch of useful knowledge, constantly increasing recognition of its extended practical as well scientific application.
This study sought to find out the traditional care practices for the mentally challenged person between the ages of one and fifteen in the Tamale metropolis. In the Ghana, traditionally, the mentally challenged are usually not given any special attention for such persons to be able to become useful members of the society such that they can contribute their quota to the overall development of the country. This is very evident in the non-availability of specially trained teachers equipped with special skills to help persons with physical and mental challenges. This book examines how parents of the mentally challenged children care for them and the differences and similarities of care patterns between traditional healers and parents and the reasons behind the various treatment and techniques that are used for illnesses believed to be caused by the supernatural. It also explores how traditional healers care for mentally challenged children in the Tamale Metropolis. The book gives a background of the important role of care giving in Africa and how this practice has dwindled over the years due to urbanization and economic difficulties among other multifaceted problem.
In Indian society the tribal culture has its own significance. Their livelihood practices are intimately associated with nature environmental resources and supernatural agencies. The traditional health care system of the tribal people are associated with their indigenous knowledge, ethno-ecology and oral tradition. The concerned people have a strong faith on the benevolent and malevolent deities, supernatural agencies and co-related health issues and misfortunes. In their society traditional healers plays a very crucial role and the people are very much psychologically depended upon them. Thus in the tribal societies health-disease and treatment are deeply inter-related to one another and the traditional health care system is an integral part of their cultural tradition.