This book “Wasteland Mapping using Remote Sensing and GIS: A case study Sirsa district of Haryana, India” is the outcome of five years research experience of Dr*(Er.) K.S. Rawat and Er. Shashi Vind Mishra in Remote Sensing and GIS science. This book “Wasteland Mapping using Remote Sensing and GIS” has been written for Haryana (India), a state known for Natural Resources Management. This book is intended for use in graduate level course in wasteland Management, and for researchers who wish to work in wasteland Mapping.
Space Technology has recently taken over the traditional way of Mapping in various fields relating to proper Planning and Management. Remote Sensing and GIS has surfaced to be the "key" tools that enabled proper planning than the traditional way of Mapping, Cartography. Improved technology has greatly helped in the recent years, particularly in the areas of mapping and planning. In essence, this book provides a systematic way and approach in utilizing Space Technology (Remote Sensing, GIS & GPS), to map and investigate Ground water for monitoring and proper planning efforts. In addition, the analysis and approach taken should shed some light for those shifting from the traditional way of mapping (Cartography) into utilizing the state of the art technology, Remote Sensing and GIS which is widely used in the 21st Century.
The present work represents an endeavour of applyingremote sensing and geographic information systems(GIS) in geomorphological studies. Since theinception of the Landsat program in the early 1970s,remote sensing in particular has become anincreasingly important tool for improvingconventional methods of data collection and mapproduction in geosciences. The potential of usingremote sensing accompanied by GIS in geology andgeomorphology has been long term discussed in theprincipal literatures e.g. Lillesand & Kieffer1977-2000, Drury 1987-2001, Avery & Berlin 1992,Campell 1996, Easterbrook & Kovanen 1998, Jensen2000, Sabins 2000, Janssen et al. 2001, Outtara etal. 2004, and Short 2005. The principal benefits ofusing remote sensing and GIS are that the automaticextraction of information using automaticclassification, band ratioing, quantitative spectralanalysis, easy digital integration with auxiliarydata, and improving mapping and cartographic skills.Consequently, they are indispensable techniques forgeomorphological and geological studies nowadays.
Remote Sensing and geographic information system (GIS) play a very important role in fishery assessment and forecasting, pollution monitoring, research and management by providing synoptic oceanic measurements. The course manual entitled “Remote Sensing and GIS for Fisheries Management” provides information on various aspects of Remote Sensing and GIS and its application in fisheries resource management. Chapters covered in this publication are Introduction about Remote Sensing and GIS, Basic terms and concepts involved in Remote Sensing and GIS, History of remote sensing, Electromagnetic radiation, Atmospheric interaction, Target interaction, Sensor platforms, Sensor systems, Environmental satellites, Digital image processing, Geographic Information System, Application of remote sensing and GIS to fisheries and aquaculture planning and development, Conclusion and References.
Remote sensing is important tool for mapping the different ecosystem of coastal area as it give synoptic views of an area retrieved through repetitive and multi-spectral remote sensing data, which can be useful for monitoring coastal areas. Coastal features are under threat from anthropogenic activities and climate change impact, so it necessary to monitor these ecosystem. The different mangrove and shoreline mapping technique using remote sensing has been discus for the better mapping of the coastal ecosystem.
This monograph is a study on “Land use and land cover mapping using remote sensing and Geographical Information System (A case study of Rupnagar district, Punjab)”. Remote Sensing and GIS is present day need for monitoring, measurement and modeling through which we can acheive at better decision making. Moreover this monographs deals with the application of Satellite Remote Sensing in land use assessment and will also help in identifying the problem areas and their probable solutions. The main content of the study discuss how the population change is responsible for the change current in land use and future prediction. This monograph will help in creating new knowledge among the students and various other stakeholders. With the help of modern technologies we can make our world more sustainable.
As remote sensing data and methods have become increasingly complex and varied - and increasingly reliable - so have their uses in forest assessment and management. New algorithms have been developed in virtually every aspect of image analysis, from classification to enhancements to estimating parameters. Assessment of forest using Remote Sensing and GIS reviews the literature and provides the tools for understanding and choosing remote sensing solutions for management problems. The book presents methods and operational examples of the use of image processing in forest change detection, forest classification, and forest growth modeling. The chapters discuss research issues and the future of remote sensing technologies. The author draws a comprehensive picture of the state of the art in remote sensing data and methods applicable to sustainable forest management issues.
The key purpose of this book is to present the detail geomorphological and hydrogeological applications and techniques through the remote sensing and GIS. A short glance is presented on the remote sensing & GIS based land use & land cover classification, spectral vegetation index, geological mapping, weathering & mass-wasting, and hydro-meteorology of Dhasan River Basin, India. The concept on Indian watershed codification system is also presented in the book. The comprehensive morphometric analysis, hydro-geomorphological analysis & mapping, groundwater exploration, occurrence and movement of groundwater, assessment of aquifers by pumping test, development and management of ground water, and assessment of ground water are carried out based on GIS and satellite remote sensing techniques. The book is useful for the instructors, research scholars and students of geology / geography / earth science / hydrology for the detail study in the field of hydro - geomorphology.
Education is the basic need of every child and providing educational facilities in remote areas is the major challenge before planners and administrators. Remote Sensing and GIS is important tool for mapping the educational facilities and assessing the spatial needs of such facilities. Providing timely assistance of educational facilities and reshaping children lives is a major challenge that can be solved through quick planning by acquiring base data from Remote Sensing and GIS. The study tries to investigate the spatial analysis of schooling facilities relating to elementary education in the district of West Champaran, Bihar. The two blocks Maintanr and Sikta of the said district have been studied using geospatial technique to identify served/unserved areas of educational facilities and mapping site suitability of new school.
The book is very important for food security Experts and GIS and Remote Sensing specialists. The food security situation nowadays is becoming worsen in developing countries. The climate change is one major factor for the case. Remote Sensing and GIS should be given with due attention to address problems. It is possible to add other responsible factors for food insecurity and overlay in GIS environment to precisely delineate the insecure ares. NDVI and its related indices are explored in the thesis. This work can be taken as a spring board to researchers to incorporate other factors and bring models to concerned bodies.
The monograph is a study on “Application of RS and GIS for Morphometric and Land Resource Analysis – A Remote Sensing and GIS based Case Study”. Remote sensing and GIS is present day need for monitoring, measurement and modelling through which we can achieve at better decision making. The prime purpose of this book is to present the detail morphometric characteristics and land resource analysis technique of a watershed by using remote sensing and GIS which also help in identifying the problem areas and their probable solutions. The main content of the study discuss how to characterize a watershed and prioritize it for conservation and management of land resource using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Some analysis has been carried out to prepare Erosion Intensity Unit (EIU) map required for calculating the sediment yield indices. The book is useful for the instructors, research scholar and students of geomorphology for a deeper study in the field of morphometric analysis using modern techniques. With the help of modern technologies we can make our world more sustainable.
Information on LULC change would have helped for planners and decision makers to implement LULC planning aimed at sustainable use and management of resources, to improve rural livelihood at regional and local level as well. This study is intended to assess the LULC change in the Koga watershed, North Western Ethiopia, for the past thirty eight years (1973-2011) using GIS and remote sensing techniques. The study watershed covered 29,348.8 hectares.
The mapping was started from an ancient era and even now it is developing rapidly which deals with spatial information like the “Where” question. From the Neanderthal to the Human, all were asking same questions like “Where is my cave!? or “Where is the starting point?”. These sorts of questions show that how much the mapping and the locations are important and can be helpful. Rene Descartes invented 2D coordinate system and then mapping of the world and some phenomena (e.g. earthquakes) were much easier. Now Geospatial Information System is a sophisticated type of 2D coordinates. This book presents multi-disciplinary examples among GIS, seismology and earthquake engineering by emphasizes on remote sensing and coordinates.
This book is useful for adoption of soil and water conservation measures for application of Remote Sensing and GIS techniques for generation of development plans for the watershed area in consonance with the production potential and limitations of terrain resources and for assessing the impact of the measures undertaken before their implementation in the field. The survey can be done either by manually or by using remote sensing and GIS for the selected sub watershed (5G1C5e). The sub watershed of 16940 ha comprising of 23 micro watersheds falling in Junagadh district of Gujarat state (India) was identified and considered for the study purpose. The thematic maps were prepared using the Remote Sensing images, soil maps and reports prepared by NBSS & LUP. All these maps were digitized in the ARCVIEW module of ARC/INFO GIS software. The Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (CN) method is used for computing the runoff. In the present study, soil loss is predicted employing USLE method and an integrated analysis in GIS is carried out for Soil Conservation and for delineation suitable conservation unit. Satellites and other collateral data are used .
This book is an expression of the myriad ways in which the range of Remote Sensing and GIS techniques can be applied to the mapping of glaciers. Glaciers are characterized by the variability of different types of snow and ice deposited in accumulation and ablation areas. Remote Sensing techniques like Digital image processing of satellite data provide an effective solution for categorizing the various materials on glaciers depending upon their spectral reflectance.Visual interpretation in glaciated terrain suffers mainly because of less understanding highly variable material composition and processes operative over glaciers. This sometimes leads to biased interpretation based on little knowledge which leads to wrong interpretation. Inventory of the glaciers is of prime interest to evaluate the nature of changes in glacier dimensions and also to establish relationship between climatic change and dynamics of glaciers. As glaciological studies in high altitude terrains are very difficult by conventional methods. Remote Sensing data with GIS techniques is used to mapping and monitoring of permanent snowfields and glacier covered area.